Estonia’s economic performance remains solid, supported by strong institutions and effective structural reforms. Supported by still-strong private consumption, real GDP reached 4.0% in 2019, and it is projected to grow above trend in the near-term, reaching 3.2% in 2020. The World Bank Logistics Performance Index for Estonia improved in 2018 compared to 2014 Estonia is the geographical midpoint of Northern Europe, has one of the most efficient trade routes from China to Northwestern Russia, and Northern Europe and the largest port at the Baltic Sea are all located in Estonia.
There is an increasing emphasis on transport development planning on its economy and environmental sustainability. The Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications is beginning the inclusion of the Transport and Mobility Master Plan for 2021-2030. According to the Deputy Secretary of General for Transport, Ahti Kuningas, in the Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, the aim of the Master Plan for the next 10 years is to ensure a safe and technologically innovative transport sector while further developing the competitiveness of the logistics sector. With the country taking initiatives for growth in the green freight solutions and developing its trans European freight infrastructure, the importance of Estonia as a transit corridor has increased. Additionally, the government is taking initiatives to help develop the logistics infrastructure has been propelling the growth of logistics in the country.
Key Market Trends
Rapid Growth of E commerce in the Region
The online sales account for about one-fifth of total retail trade in Estonia and it is one the most important sales channel for many businesses in the country. E-shopping outside of Estonia has also grown rapidly in the last six to seven years, leading to growth in cross border e-commerce trade and increasing freight. The scope of Chinese e-commerce is demonstrated by the numbers of standard mail arriving from Asia, and it is noteworthy that the number of international items of correspondence has grown to 2.5 million items in the past five years.
An average Estonian sends only one standard letter a year. This increase in standard letters by several million demonstrates only one thing; these are e-commerce purchases that are arriving in the mailboxes mainly from Asia, and without paying tax. The Competition Board said the three most prominent providers of courier service in Estonia, DPD, Itella, and Omniva, hold a market share of 80% combined, with DHL and UPS having another 10% between them. According to the association, the parcel volume of the five biggest courier companies is approximately 20 million units a year, of which nine million are cross-border parcels, and about half of the total parcel volume is moving via Omniva.Three of Estonia’s biggest parcel delivery companies have seen increase in their delivery volumes due to the current epidemic and the measures taken by the Estonian government.
Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Industry Growth in Estonia
As per a survey conducted by the the Ministry of Rural Affairs in 2019, showed a record harvest collected in agriculture, fisheries, and the food industry in 2018 due to favorable weather conditions. The total agricultural production value also increased by a fifth in 2018, and the exports of goods of Estonian origin also recorded a significant increase. In the case of exports, exports of goods of Estonian origin increased by 21.2% in 2019, and cereals and milk and milk products continued to contribute significantly to exports. The most important trade partners continued to be the neighboring countries, Finland, Latvia, and Lithuania, to which nearly 45% of agricultural products and foodstuffs of Estonian origin were exported.
The growth of agriculture, fisheries, and the food industry have helped the road freight transport industry in the country to grow at the time when the national haulers are experiencing heavy competition from international haulers. Digitization is a significant trend in Estonia, and the digitization of the road freight industry is expected to increase in the coming years. Platforms, like Uber Freight, are expected to emerge from within the country to help develop the market.
The freight and logistics market in Estonia is fragmented in nature with a large number of international as well as domestic players active in the country. Some of the prominent players in the market include DHL, CEVA Logistics, DSV, Rhenus Logistics, and Group Logistics amongst others. With a lower cost base than Estonia, for instance, cheaper labor, fuel, and insurance, the number of service providers from neighboring countries, such as Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, is high, driving down freight prices and giving tough competition to the local players.
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Table of Contents
1.2 Study Assumptions
1.3 Scope of the Study
4.2 Market Drivers
4.3 Market Restraints
4.5 Industry Value Chain Analysis
4.6 Porters 5 Force Analysis
4.7 Insights on Technological Trends in the Market
4.8 Insights on Ecommerce Industry
4.9 Government Regulations and Initiatives
4.10 Brief on Freight Rates
4.11 Impact of COVID 19 on the market
5.1.1 Freight Transport
126.96.36.199 Inland Water
5.1.2 Freight Forwarding
5.1.4 Value Added Services and Other Functions
5.2 By End User
5.2.1 Manufacturing and Automotive
5.2.2 Oil and Gas, Mining and Quarrying
5.2.3 Agriculture,Fishing and Forestry
5.2.5 Distributive Trade (Wholesale and Retail Segments- FMCG Included)
5.2.6 Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals
5.2.7 Other End Users
6.2 Company Profiles
6.2.1 DHL EXPRESS
188.8.131.52 Rhenus Logistics
184.108.40.206 CEVA Logistics - CF&S Estonia AS
220.127.116.11 Group logistics OU
18.104.22.168 TT Estonia
22.214.171.124 Hanson Logistics
126.96.36.199 Delamode Estonia
188.8.131.52 ESTMA OU
184.108.40.206 Parme Trans
220.127.116.11 Ace Logistics Estonia
18.104.22.168 Smarten Logistics
22.214.171.124 Tallinna Toiduveod AS
126.96.36.199 Ferroline GruppO
188.8.131.52 CF&S Estonia AS
184.108.40.206 KGK Logistics*
8.2 Insights on Capital Flows
8.3 Economic Statistics -Transport and Storage Sector, Contribution to Economy
8.4 External Trade Statistics - Export and Import, by Product
8.5 Insights on Key Export Destinations
8.6 Insights on Key Import Origin Countries