However, given the comfort which they provide, moisture management garments are proving to be increasingly popular in applications which are less technical, such as athleisure apparel, loungewear and sleepwear. Much research effort has been concentrated in recent years on enhancing the functionality of moisture management technologies, and the latest innovations in moisture management fabrics boast additional properties such as antimicrobial efficacy, odour control and ultraviolet (UV) protection.
One of the most exciting developments in this field has been the introduction of fabrics which provide a cooling sensation as well as transporting moisture. In the years ahead, the pace of development is likely to accelerate as fabric and garment manufacturers compete to enhance the comfort properties of their product offerings further. There will be a significant increase in the affordability, availability and choice of multifunctional garments, and this should foster continued growth in the market for moisture management fabrics.
Who should buy this report?
- Manufacturers of fibres, textiles, clothing and chemicals
- Textile and clothing machinery manufacturers - spinning, weaving, knitting, sewing and import/export
- Textile and clothing brands and retailers like Adidas, H&M etc.
- Educational institutions like universities, fashion schools etc.
- Business consultancy firms
- Textile and clothing trade associations
- Government trade bodies
Table of Contents
ROLE OF MOISTURE MANAGEMENT IN FABRICS AND APPAREL
- Base layer
- Middle layer
- Outer layer
- Controlling the weight of perspiration which builds up in a garment
- Reducing the incidence of blisters and chafing when skin becomes wet
- Minimising the proliferation of microorganisms
- Factors affecting moisture transport
- Weight or thickness
- Fibre fineness
- Fibre types
- Special finishes
- Merino wool
- Body mapping technology
- adidas: BodyMapping
- adidas: FlowMapping
- Hohenstein: comfort mapping technology
- AATCC Test Method 195-2017: Test Method for Liquid Moisture Management Properties of Textile Fabrics
- Sweating thermal manikin tests
- Active outdoor apparel
- Flame resistant apparel
- Other applications
- American & Efird (A&E): Anefil Nylon DRY
- Ahlstrom-Munksjö: VaporCool
- Cocona: 37.5 Technology
- Columbia Sportswear: Omni-Wick EVAP
- Coolcore: Coolcore
- Cotton Incorporated: TransDRY
- Cotton Incorporated: Wicking Windows
- Devan Chemicals: BI-OME Quick Dry
- Devan Chemicals: Moov&Cool
- Devan Chemicals: Odour Breakdown
- Devan Chemicals: Passerelle SQD+
- drirelease: drirelease
- HeiQ: HeiQ Adaptive AC-06
- NanoTex: Dry Inside
- Nike: Dri-FIT
- Osmotex: Hydro_Bot
- Polartec: Power Dry
- Schoeller Textil: 3XDRY
- Schoeller Textil: c_change
- Teijin Frontier: adaptive fabric
- The Lycra Company: Coolmax
- Under Armour: HeatGear
- Unifi: Sorbtek
- X-Bionic: 3D Bionic Sphere System
Table 2: Commonly used test methods for assessing the moisture management properties of textiles and clothing, 2022
Innovation in moisture management technologies accelerates as consumers demand greater functionality from performance apparel, according to this 39-page report called “Moisture management technologies: innovation in performance and comfort”.
Much research effort is being concentrated on enhancing the functionality of moisture management fabrics, and some of the latest fabrics on the market boast additional properties such as antimicrobial efficacy, odour control and ultraviolet (UV) protection.
One of the most exciting developments in the field of moisture management technology has been the introduction of fabrics that provide a cooling sensation as well as transporting moisture.
For example, HeiQ, based in Zurich, Switzerland, has developed a treatment called HeiQ Adaptive AC-06 which contains a hydrofunctional polymer that responds to changes in body temperature.
Garments that incorporate fabrics treated with HeiQ Adaptive AC-06 provide a cooling sensation when the wearer’s body temperature reaches 28°C.
At this temperature, the structure of the polymer changes and this increases the fabric’s ability to wick moisture away from the skin. The moisture is wicked to the surface of the fabric and from here it evaporates.
Tests have found that garments made using fabrics to which the treatment has been applied are capable of reducing the wearer’s core body temperature by 1.5°C-2.5°C.
In the years ahead, the pace of development in moisture management technology is likely to accelerate as fabric and garment manufacturers compete to enhance the comfort properties of their product offerings further.
Also, suppliers of fabrics and apparel will capitalise on the advantages of smart textile technology and biomimetics. The use of smart textile technology and biomimetics will pave the way for the development of garments that are capable of performing several functions while keeping the wearer cool and dry.
Biomimetics is innovative technologies inspired by biological systems such as plants and animals. Scientists and engineers in a diverse range of fields have looked at how such forms of life have evolved in order to perform certain functions, and have used those observations to develop some of the most successful innovations in the modern era.
There will be a significant increase in the affordability, availability and choice of multifunctional garments and this should foster continued growth in the market for moisture management fabrics.
The companies most likely to succeed in the market will be those able to commercialise products that represent true innovations rather than new versions of existing products.
- American & Efird (A&E)
- Columbia Sportswear
- Cotton Incorporated
- Devan Chemicals
- Schoeller Textil
- Teijin Frontier
- The Lycra Company
- Under Armour