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China Automotive Finance Industry Report, 2022-2030

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  • 236 Pages
  • March 2022
  • Region: China
  • Research In China
  • ID: 5575708
Auto finance is lucrative with the highest profit margin in the international automobile industry chain, contributing to roughly 23% of the global automobile industry profits. Yet, auto finance only has the profit margin of 13% in China. Besides a strong driver for the development of automotive market, auto finance serves as a main source of profits for large automobile groups.

In a well-established automotive market, profits come mostly from the aftermarket, but China's automobile industry still pivots on the upstream of the industrial chain as concerns profitability, will avert its focus, however, from the upstream auto production and marketing to the aftermarket where diversified services will enjoy great opportunities in future.

In 2021, China produced 26.082 million and sold 26.275 million automobiles, up 3.4% and 3.8% year-on-year respectively, ending the three-year decline since 2018.

With the changes in consumer attitudes and a multitude of the emerging consumption patterns, the penetration rate of auto finance in China shows an uptrend in recent years, hitting about 52% in 2021, still far behind that of developed countries. Amid the growing mature auto finance and the improving credit system in China, there are huge potentials in auto finance industry of China, with penetration to rise considerably.

In 2021, the cumulative issuance of auto loan ABS reached RMB263.51 billion, up 35.8% over 2020.

In 2021, the cumulative issuance of auto loan ABS swelled 35.8% year on year to RMB263.51 billion, setting a new record in the interbank bond market. The issuance in the first three quarters was almost the same in scale, while it set an all-time record for a single season, namely RMB 82.9 billion, in the fourth quarter. In 2021, a total of 20 initiators participated in ABS, and they were enthusiastic enough to have more issuance, even a single initiator launched 5 ABS products. The above data shows that the auto loan ABS in the interbank bond market has fully recovered from the impact of the pandemic, and investors' acceptance of it has been further improved. In a comparatively loose financing environment, the issuance of auto loan ABS in 2022 is expected to sustain the bullish trend in 2021.

Till the end of 2021, 25 auto finance companies had been approved for establishment.

Auto finance companies have a late start in the auto finance market. In October 2003 and November 2003, the China Banking Regulatory Commission successively promulgated Administrative Measures for Auto Finance Companies and Detailed Rules for the Implementation of Administrative Measures for Auto Finance Companies, officially opening up domestic auto consumer credit and related businesses, allowing qualified Chinese and foreign institutions to establish auto finance companies in China. As of end-2021, a total of 25 auto finance companies had been approved for establishment. Backed by automakers, auto finance companies are advantageous in the auto industry chain and developing apace in recent years with rich channel resources. Based on public data, the total assets of auto finance companies nationwide are on a rapid rise over the recent years, with an average growth rate of 19.05% between 2016 and 2020, and registering RMB977.48 billion at the end of 2020.

The COVID-19 hit hard credit standing of the automotive sector, but the situation improved apparently in 2021.

Auto sales was seriously devastated at the outbreak of COVID-19 in the first quarter of 2020, and has rebounded steadily since then with China’s strong control on the pandemic.

As for retailing, auto finance companies actively cooperate with OEMs to carry out promotions, and drive auto sales by enriching loan products, digitizing procedures, lowering loan thresholds, and easing the burden to car buyers. On the supply chain side, auto finance companies offer stable financial support to dealers; especially during the COVID-19 in 2020, they eased the burden on dealers by intentionally extending the repayment term and slashing loan interests and fees in response to the shortage of funds for some dealers. This move stabilizes the marketing system of OEMs. As of the end of 2020, the retail loan balance of auto finance companies in China had been RMB782.016 billion, up 8.71% year on year; the inventory wholesale loan balance had edged down 3.15% year-on-year to RMB104.652 billion.

Auto finance companies have been operating steadily on the whole, and showed professional risk control capabilities and robust business competences amid the pandemic. The regulatory indicators of auto finance companies still perform well. By the end of 2020, the auto finance industry’s average liquidity ratio had reached 214.09%, much higher than the average level of the banking industry; the auto finance industry’s capital adequacy ratio had jumped 0.79 points year on year to 21.40%; its average non-performing loan ratio had been 0.49%, and it had decreased after a surge in February and March due to the pandemic, and at the end of 2020 back to the level at the end of the previous year, and even with a slight decrease of 0.01 point.

Compared with banks and other non-bank financial institutions with more diversified operations, auto finance companies focus on auto finance with better transparency. An auto finance company's loan portfolio typically consists of two parts: retail business (loans for car buyers) and wholesale business (loans to car dealers). Also, auto finance companies can develop car rental services, which usually feature higher flexibility in product design. In practice, rental services are more concentrated in the financial leasing companies established by automakers.

China Automotive Finance Industry Report, 2022-2030 highlights the following:
Global auto finance industry (development environment, status quo, auto finance development in countries, competition, global expansion, etc.);
China's auto finance industry (development environment, history, status quo, market size, competition, operation of auto finance companies, development trends, situation amid the pandemic, etc.);
China's auto finance market segments (auto financial leasing, used car finance and auto Internet finance);
14 OEM-related auto finance companies, 5 dealer-related auto finance companies and 11 other auto-finance-related firms.

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Table of Contents

1. Overview
1.1 Definition
1.2 Classification
1.3 Market Players
2. Global Auto finance Industry
2.1 Development Environment
2.2 Status Quo
2.3 Overview of Auto Finance in Major Countries
2.3.1 United States
2.3.2 Germany
2.3.3 Japan
2.4 Competitive Landscape
2.5 Global Expansion
3. Auto finance Industry in China
3.1 Development Environment
3.1.1 Policy
3.1.2 Economy
3.1.3 Automobile Sales
3.1.4 Car Ownership
3.2 Development Course
3.3 Status Quo
3.4 Market Size
3.5 Competitive Landscape
3.6 Operation of Auto Finance Companies
3.7 Development Trends
3.7.1 Market Share of Auto Finance Companies Grows Further
3.7.2 Used Car Financial Business Grows Rapidly
3.7.3 Cyberization of Used Car Trade
3.7.4 Auto Financial Products Becomes More Diversified
3.7.5 Improved Credit System Pushes the Development of Auto Finance Market
3.7.6 Internet Auto Finance Has Developed into a Trend
3.7.7 Consumer Structure Changes
3.7.8 Industry Reshuffle Accelerates
3.8 China's Auto Finance Industry in the Pandemic
4. Chinese Auto Finance Market Segments
4.1 Auto Financial Leasing
4.1.1 Profile
4.1.2 Development Course
4.1.3 Business Model
4.1.4 Status Quo
4.1.5 Policy Support
4.1.6 Competitive Landscape
4.1.7 Problems
4.2 Used Car Finance
4.2.1 Profile
4.2.2 Market Size
4.2.3 Price Trend
4.2.4 Market Structure
4.2.5 Huge Potential
4.2.6 Status Quo
4.2.7 Competitive Landscape
4.3 Internet Auto Finance
4.3.1 Profile
4.3.2 Policies
4.3.3 Status Quo
4.3.4 Problems
5. OEM-related Auto Finance Companies
5.1 SAIC-GMAC Automotive Finance Co., Ltd. (SAIC-GMAC)
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Operation
5.1.3 New Car Finance Business
5.1.4 Used Car Finance Business
5.1.5 Developments
5.2 Volkswagen Finance (China)
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 Operation
5.2.3 New Car Finance Business
5.2.4 Used Car Finance Business
5.2.5 Developments
5.3 Chery Huiyin Motor Finance Service Co., Ltd.
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Operation
5.3.3 Revenue Structure
5.3.4 Auto Finance Business
5.3.5 New Car Finance Business
5.3.6 Used Car Finance Business
5.3.7 Sales Network
5.3.8 Developments
5.4 BYD Auto Finance Company Limited
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Operation
5.4.3 Auto Finance Business
5.4.4 Developments
5.5 Ford Automotive Finance (China) Limited
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 Operation
5.5.3 Auto Finance Business
5.5.4 Sales Network
5.5.5 Developments
5.6 Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Operation
5.6.3 New Car Finance Business
5.6.4 Used Car Finance Business
5.6.5 Developments
5.7 Herald International Financial Leasing
5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Operation
5.7.3 Auto Finance Business
5.7.4 Developments
5.8 Toyota Motor Finance (China) Co., Ltd.
5.8.1 Profile
5.8.2 Operation
5.8.3 Auto Finance Business
5.9 BMW Automotive Finance (China) Co., Ltd.
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Operation
5.9.3 Auto Finance Business
5.9.4 Developments
5.10 Yulon Motor Finance (China) Co., Ltd.
5.10.1 Profile
5.10.2 Auto Finance Business
5.10.3 Developments
5.11 Changan Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
5.11.1 Profile
5.11.2 Operation
5.11.3 New Car Finance Business
5.11.4 Used Car Finance Business
5.11.5 Developments
5.12 GAC-SOFINCO Automobile Finance Co., Ltd.
5.12.1 Profile
5.12.2 Operation
5.12.3 Auto Finance Business
5.12.4 Developments
5.13 Genius Auto Finance Co., Ltd
5.13.1 Profile
5.13.2 Operation
5.13.3 New Car Finance Business
5.13.4 New Car Finance Business
5.13.5 Developments
5.14 Beijing Hyundai Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
5.14.1 Profile
5.14.2 Operation
5.14.3 New Car Finance Business
5.14.4 New Car Finance Business
5.14.5 Developments
6. Auto Finance-related Dealers
6.1 Yongda Automobiles
6.1.1 Profile
6.1.2 Operation
6.1.3 Auto Finance Business
6.1.4 Shanghai Yongda Finance Leasing Co., Ltd.
6.1.5 Yongda Financial Group Holdings Limited
6.1.6 Developments
6.2 China Grand Automotive Services Co., Ltd.
6.2.1 Profile
6.2.2 Operation
6.2.3 Revenue Structure
6.2.4 Gross Margin
6.2.5 All Trust Leasing Co., Ltd.
6.2.6 Auto Finance Business
6.2.7 Developments
6.3 Pang Da Automobile Trade
6.3.1 Profile
6.3.2 Operation
6.3.3 Ling Tai Financial Leasing
6.3.4 Pang Da Leye Leasing Co., Ltd.
6.3.5 Developments
6.4 Anhui Yaxia Industry Co, Ltd.
6.4.1 Profile
6.4.2 Layout
6.5 Shanghai Dongzheng Automotive Finance Co., Ltd.
6.5.1 Profile
6.5.2 Operation
6.5.3 Auto Finance Business
6.5.4 Layout
7. Other Auto Finance Companies
7.1 Cango Inc.
7.1.1 Profile
7.1.2 Network
7.1.2 Operation
7.1.3 Revenue Structure
7.1.4 Auto Finance Business
7.1.5 Developments
7.2 Great China Finance Leasing Co., Ltd.
7.2.1 Profile
7.2.2 Auto Finance Business
7.2.3 Developments
7.3 Zhejiang Jingu Co., Ltd.
7.3.1 Profile
7.3.2 Operation
7.3.3 Auto Finance Business
7.4 Yixin Group
7.4.1 Profile
7.4.2 Operation
7.4.3 Auto Finance Business
7.4.4 Developments
7.5 eCapital
7.5.1 Profile
7.5.2 Auto Finance Business
7.5.3 Developments
7.6.1 Profile
7.6.2 Operation
7.6.3 Auto Finance Business
7.7 Dafang Car Rental
7.7.1 Profile
7.7.2 Auto Finance Business
7.8 Jiayin Financial Leasing
7.8.1 Profile
7.8.2 Auto Finance Business
7.9 Souche
7.9.1 Profile
7.9.2 Financing
7.9.3 Auto Finance Business
7.10 Weidai Ltd.
7.10.1 Profile
7.10.2 Operation
7.10.3 Auto Finance Business
7.11 XXF
7.11.1 Profile
7.11.2 Operation
7.11.3 Auto Finance Business

Companies Mentioned

  • SAIC-GMAC Automotive Finance Co., Ltd. (SAIC-GMAC)
  • Volkswagen Finance (China)
  • Chery Huiyin Motor Finance Service Co., Ltd.
  • BYD Auto Finance Company Limited
  • Ford Automotive Finance (China) Limited
  • Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
  • Herald International Financial Leasing
  • Toyota Motor Finance (China) Co., Ltd.
  • BMW Automotive Finance (China) Co., Ltd.
  • Yulon Motor Finance (China) Co., Ltd.
  • Changan Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
  • GAC-SOFINCO Automobile Finance Co., Ltd.
  • Genius Auto Finance Co., Ltd
  • Beijing Hyundai Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
  • Yongda Automobiles
  • Shanghai Yongda Finance Leasing Co., Ltd.
  • Yongda Financial Group Holdings Limited
  • China Grand Automotive Services Co., Ltd.
  • All Trust Leasing Co., Ltd.
  • Pang Da Automobile Trade
  • Pang Da Leye Leasing Co., Ltd.
  • Anhui Yaxia Industry Co, Ltd.
  • Shanghai Dongzheng Automotive Finance Co., Ltd.
  • Cango Inc.
  • Great China Finance Leasing Co., Ltd.
  • Zhejiang Jingu Co., Ltd.
  • Yixin Group
  • eCapital
  • Dafang Car Rental
  • Jiayin Financial Leasing
  • Souche
  • Weidai Ltd.
  • XXF