Metals in Water: Global Sources, Significance, and Treatment covers metal pollution in water, where they come from, their effects, and remediation processes. Sections overview heavy metals pollution, including their global health impacts and remediation measures. Geogenic and anthropogenic input of heavy metals in water are described, along with global case studies, step-by-step methods on remediation techniques, different detection sensors, and assessment practices of toxicity of heavy metals. The book focuses on recent research surrounding heavy metals' contamination in water resources and its impact across the globe. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects and serve as baseline information for water resources studies.
This book is useful for postgraduate students, teachers and researchers working in areas of water resources and pollution, hydrochemistry, environmental remediation and toxicology who are looking to understand the affects metals have on water, the environment and health, and also those looking for methods for remediation.
A. Sources and distribution of metals in water resources 1. Geogenic origin of metals and metalloid contamination in water resources 2. Air born contamination of metals in water resources 3. Metal contamination in water resources due to various anthropogenic activities like agriculture, industrial, transportation and mining 4. Local and regional hotspot of some metals like Hg, Cr, Pb, Cd and U 5. Global Distribution of metals in water resources like As, F and Fe
B. Detection of Metals 6. Various biological and other indicator for metal contamination in water 7. Various measurement techniques to detection of metals in water resources 8. Different advancer Sensors to detect different metals in water resources 9. Various indices to find out pollution and toxicity impact of metals 10.Various guideline by different environmental agencies related to the metals
C. Biogeochemistry of metals and assessment of toxicity 11. Metal pollution in aquatic environment and impact on flora and fauna 12. Metal contamination in groundwater source and impact assessment 13. Metal pollution in marine environment sources and impact assessment 14. Assessment of toxicity and wildlife and human health impacts of metals 15. Biogeochemical process, pH effect, oxidation reduction and complex process of metals in water resources 16. Effect of climate change on metal concentrations and distributions
D. Remediation and removal measure of Metals 17. Photocytalic degradation of metals from contaminated water 18. Phytoremediation of metals from contaminated water 19. Application of microbes to remove metals from contaminated water 20. Application of low-cost adsorbents for metals remediation 21. Metals removal by membrane filtration 22. Advance nanotechnology for metals remediation from contaminated water 23. Integrated method of metals remediation from contaminated water 24. Indigenous techniques to remove metals from contaminated water 25. Various method of the recovery of metals from the waste water