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Structure and Intrinsic Disorder in Enzymology. Foundations and Frontiers in Enzymology

  • Book
  • November 2022
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
  • ID: 5597196

Structure and Intrinsic Disorder in Enzymology offers a direct, yet comprehensive presentation of the fundamental concepts, characteristics and functions of intrinsically disordered enzymes, along with valuable notes and technical insights powering new research in this emerging field. Here, more than twenty international experts examine protein flexibility and cryo-enzymology, hierarchies of intrinsic disorder, methods for measurement of disorder in proteins, bioinformatics tools for predictions of structure, disorder and function, protein promiscuity, protein moonlighting, globular enzymes, intrinsic disorder and allosteric regulation, protein crowding, intrinsic disorder in post-translational, and much more.

Chapters also review methods for study, as well as evolving technology to support new research across academic, industrial and pharmaceutical labs.

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Table of Contents

1. Enzymology: Early insights 2. Deep mutational scanning to probe specificity determinants. 3. Protein flexibility and cryo-enzymology: The trade-off between stability andcatalytic rates 4. Thermodynamic Perspective of Protein Disorder and Phase Separation: Model Systems 5. Structure and disorder: Protein functions depend on this new binary transforming lock-and-key into structure-function continuum 6. Methods for measuring structural disorder in proteins 7. Prediction of protein structure and intrinsic disorder in the era of deep learning 8. Roles of Intrinsically Disordered Regions in Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Biocatalysis 9. Many faces of protein promiscuity: Not just broad specificity of proteins 10. Role Of Plasticity And Disorder In Protein Moonlighting: Blurring Of Lines Between Biocatalysts And Other Biologically Active Proteins 11. Molten globular enzymes 12. Intrinsic disorder and allosteric regulation 13. Macromolecular Crowding: How it Affects Protein Structure, Disorder, and Catalysis 14. Intrinsic disorder and post-translational modifications: An evolutionary perspective 15. The roles of prion-like domains in amyloid formation, phase separation, and solubility 16. IDPRs of membrane proteins influence membrane curvature 17. How binding to surfaces affects disorder

Authors

Munishwar Nath Gupta Former Emeritus Professor, Department of Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India. Dr. Munishwar Nath Gupta earned his PhD from Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, and completed post-doctoral positions at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA), University of Minnesota (USA), Lund University (Sweden), and University of Technology of Compiegne (France). He has taught chemistry, biochemistry, and biotechnology at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, between 1975-2016. He was awarded the National Science Talent fellowship (India) and Fellowships of National Academy of Sciences and Indian National Science Academy. He has edited three books on thermostability of enzymes, non-aqueous enzymology and affinity-based separation methods. He was an Associate Editor of Biocatalysis and Biotransformation (Taylor and Francis) and the founding and former editor-in-chief of Sustainable Chemical Processes (Springer). He's served on editorial boards of several national and international journals and acted as a consultant to Novozyme (Denmark), Dabur (India), and other international companies. Vladimir N. Uversky Professor, Department of Molecular Medicine and USF Health Byrd Alzheimer's Research Institute, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. Dr. Uversky received B.S. and M.S. degrees in Physics from Leningrad State University in Russia in 1986, then, completed Ph.D. and Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) degrees in Physics and Mathematics (field of study - Biophysics) at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (1991) and the Institute Experimental and Theoretical Biophysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1998), respectively. In 1998, he moved to the University of California Santa Cruz to study protein folding, misfolding, protein conformation diseases, and protein intrinsic disorder phenomenon. In 2004, he was invited to join the Indiana University School of Medicine to primary work on the intrinsically disordered proteins, and since 2010 has been on faculty at the University of South Florida. He has authored over 850 scientific publications and edited several books and book series on protein structure, function, folding and misfolding. He is an editor of several scientific journals.