As the world embraces cleaner and more sustainable energy sources, the Wind Turbine Blade Recycling Market positions itself as an essential piece of the puzzle. This market is primarily driven by the increasing number of decommissioning offshore and onshore wind energy plants. Furthermore, the mounting environmental and economic factors associated with wind turbine blade recycling are opening doors to untold growth opportunities within this market.
With an estimated 43 million tonnes of wind turbine blade waste projected to be generated in the future, experts foresee vast potential for the wind turbine blade recycling market. Europe, in particular, is expected to witness significant growth due to favorable government initiatives that promote wind turbine blade recycling. Furthermore, the growing preference for thermochemical recycling processes among major companies reinforces the notion that the Wind Turbine Blade Recycling Market is the way forward.
The market was negatively impacted by COVID-19 in 2020. Presently the market has now reached pre-pandemic levels.
- Over the long term, the increasing number of offshore and onshore wind energy plants for decommissioning is expected to drive the growth of the market.
- On the other note, rising environmental and economic factors due to the wind turbine blade recycling process are hampering the market's growth.
- Nevertheless, according to a recent survey by the University of Cambridge, it is estimated that 43 million tonnes of wind turbine blade waste will be generated by the year 2050. This will create ample opportunities for the wind turbine blade recycling market in the near future.
- Europe is likely to witness significant growth in the wind turbine blade recycling market during the forecast period, mainly due to its favorable government initiatives toward wind turbine blade recycling across the region.
Wind Turbine Blade Recycling Market Trends
Thermo-Chemical Recycling Process (Pyrolysis) to the Dominate the Market
- Wind energy is nowadays one of the energy sources with the fastest growth rate, and it can represent a valuable and economically sustainable solution to the problems of the shortage of fossil fuels and climate change. Global wind energy installed capacity accounted for 837 GW as of 2021. It is carbon-free, and about 85% of turbine components, including steel, copper wire, electronics, and gearing, can be recycled or reused.
- Recycling and reusing composite waste is probably the best choice based on the recent EU directives, while landfilling is the last option.
- Major companies are preferring for thermochemical recycling since it is an advanced technique in which the recovery of the reinforcing fibers through thermal or chemical methods and the matrix (generally with thermosetting nature) is decomposed.
- In October 2022, Carbon Rivers, Inc., a company involved in pyrolysis, commercialized its process to recover mechanically intact glass fiber from decommissioned wind turbine blades. The project is funded by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) in collaboration with the University of Tennessee and successfully scaled up a recovery process that has the capability to divert thousands of tons of waste that would otherwise be destined for landfills.
- Moreover, in March 2022, Kaunas University of Technology (KTU) and the Lithuanian Energy Institute invented a technique for recycling wind turbine blades through a thermochemical recycling process, which involves the breaking of composite materials into basic parts, i.e., fiber and phenol using pyrolysis, this method is essentially waste-free.
- Owing to the above points thermochemical recycling (pyrolysis) process is the best technique that dominates the Wind Turbine Blade Recycling Market.
Europe is Likely to Dominate the Market
- Europe has one of the largest wind power installed capacities across the globe. The region is rich in offshore and onshore wind energy generation across the globe. Recently, it has aimed to decommission most of its aged wind plants.
- As a part of this, on June 2021, European Government announced that the region will decommission around 25,000 tonnes of blades per year by 2025 and 52,000 tonnes a year by 2030. Also, WindEurope, an association based in Brussels that promotes the use of wind power in Europe, has called on landfills to ban decommissioned wind turbine blades by 2025. The initiative includes the commitment of the European wind industry to recycle, reuse or reclaim all decommissioned blades. The ban will become effective by 2025. This, in turn, culminates in the growth of the wind turbine blade recycling market shortly.
- Moreover, in October 2022, The first blade recycling plant project presented in Spain received recognition from the European Union, granting more than EUR 12 million to the consortium in which the project is immersed. The new recycling plant that will be located in Cubillos del Sil (León) is part of Endesa’s Future Plan for the Compostilla thermal power plant currently being dismantled.
- Furthermore, many countries such as Germany, the United Kingdom, and Spain have pledged not to decommission European blades outside of Europe. Spain is the second-largest market for wind energy in Europe, joining Wind Europe in this initiative. There is already a ban on landfills in Austria, Germany, Finland, and the Netherlands.
- Owing to the above points, Europe is likely to dominate the wind turbine blade recycling market during the forecast period.
Wind Turbine Blade Recycling Industry OverviewThe Wind Turbine Blade Recycling Market is moderately fragmented. Some of the major companies (in no particular order) include LM Wind Power (a GE Renewable Energy business), Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy SA, Vestas Wind Systems A/S, Veolia Environnement S.A., and Arkema S.A.
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Table of Contents
1.2 Market Definition
1.3 Study Assumptions
4.2 Market Size and Demand Forecast in USD billion, till 2027
4.3 Wind Turbine Rotor Blades Price Analysis
4.4 Recent Trends and Developments
4.5 Government Policies and Regulations
4.6 Market Dynamics
4.7 Supply Chain Analysis
4.8 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.8.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.8.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers
4.8.3 Threat of New Entrants
4.8.4 Threat of Substitutes Products and Services
4.8.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
5.1.1 Carbon Fiber
5.1.2 Glass Fiber
5.1.3 Other Blade Materials
5.2 Recycling Type
5.2.1 Physical Recycling
5.2.2 Thermo-Chemical Recycling (Pyrolysis)
5.3.1 North America
5.3.4 South America
5.3.5 Middle East and Africa
6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players
6.3 Company Profiles
6.3.1 LM Wind Power (a GE Renewable Energy business)
6.3.2 Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy SA
6.3.3 Vestas Wind Systems A/S
6.3.4 Veolia Environnement S.A
6.3.5 Arkema S.A.
A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:
- LM Wind Power (a GE Renewable Energy business)
- Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy SA
- Vestas Wind Systems A/S
- Veolia Environnement S.A
- Arkema S.A.