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Fuel Cell Vehicle Market - Growth, Trends, Covid-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2022 - 2027)

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  • 70 Pages
  • August 2022
  • Region: Global
  • Mordor Intelligence
  • ID: 5617010
UP TO OFF until Dec 31st 2023
The Fuel Cell Vehicle Market was valued at USD 400 million in 2021, and it is expected to reach USD 8,500 million by 2027, registering a CAGR of around 30% during the forecast period (2022-2027).

COVID-19's influence on the fuel cell vehicle market was unavoidable, as it has on nearly every other industry in the market. However, due to the rapidly increasing adoption rate of mild-hybrid electric cars throughout the world, the electric vehicle (EV) industry is seeing significant growth. Additionally, due to the pandemic, sales of fuel cell vehicles decreased dramatically globally. However, with life returning to normalcy, the market is expected to gain momentum in the following years.

Factors such as rising fuel prices and government activities throughout the globe to raise awareness about fuel cell electric cars are projected to drive the use of electric vehicles over the forecast period. Infrastructure for hydrogen stations continues to improve, and nations like China, which have a well-established supply chain for components such as traction motors, fuel cells, and others continue to lead the passenger car and urban bus sectors.

The expansion of the fuel cell electric vehicle market is fueled by increased demand for fuel-efficient, high-performance, and low-emission cars, as well as stricter rules and regulations on vehicle emissions, decreased battery costs, and rising fuel costs.

Governments all across the world are getting increasingly interested in electric mobility. Government rules to phase out fossil fuel-powered vehicles, government expenditures to improve public EV charging infrastructure, and measures like subsidies and tax refunds to stimulate the adoption of EVs are all expected to aid market expansion. Several governments across the globe are investing in electric vehicle infrastructure, including hydrogen filling stations directly through public filing stations and also through subsidies.

Key Market Trends

Endorsement of Stringent Tail Pipe Emission Norms

Electric vehicles running on Fuel Cells are becoming an integral part of the automotive industry, and it represents a pathway toward achieving energy efficiency, along with reduced emission of pollutants and other greenhouse gases. With the growing environmental concerns, governments and environmental agencies are enacting stringent emission norms and laws, which are expected to increase the manufacturing cost of fuel-efficient IC engines, thereby propelling the demand for electric powertrains in the coming years.

Government initiatives are expected to play a crucial role in promoting fuel cell electric vehicles in many countries. Several countries are implementing plans to ban petrol and diesel cars in the 2030 - 2040 timeframe, to reduce emissions and encourage the sales of fuel cell vehicles. Moreover, several tax relaxations and incentives for EVs are also being put in place to encourage the sales of EVs. These initiatives are expected to drive the demand for electric vehicles, which in turn will support the growth of the Fuel Cell Vehicle market.

For Instance, regulation on CO2 emissions in Europe and the United States is becoming more stringent. Europe has set its emission limits of 95 g/km by 2020 and a further 37.5 percent reduction by 2030, resulting in a limit of 59 g/km. North America has set emission limits of over 99 g/km following the Passenger Vehicle Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for 2025. In order to reach the pollution standards and avoid penalties, more electrified vehicles will have to be marketed by OEMs in the coming years, which is expected to positively drive the market growth.

An increase in the volume of vehicle exhaust emissions from all sorts of cars that use fossil fuels has polluted the atmosphere. Poor air quality has been related to an increase in a variety of significant respiratory illnesses. Vehicle pollution, which includes NOx, VOCs, PM2.5, PM10, and other pollutants, accounts for around 30% of total air pollution in Europe.

The increase in the government initiatives and regulations to ban or reduce the sale of cars running on IC is expected to aid the fuel cell vehicle market to grow in the forecast period.

Asia-Pacific region is expected to grow significantly

Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are zero-emission cars that use a fuel cell to convert hydrogen stored onboard into electricity. Despite the fact that FCEVs have been on the market for over a decade, registrations are still low orders of magnitude fewer than EVs.

This is partly due to the lack of hydrogen refueling stations (HRS) and the fact that, unlike EVs, FCEVs cannot be fueled at home. Furthermore, there are few commercial FCEV models available, and the high cost of gasoline and purchase prices result in a higher total cost of ownership than EVs.

However, the governments of various regions have supported the building of HRSs, either whole or part, to facilitate the deployment of FCEVs, including public buses and municipal vehicles, as well as cars.

Countries like South Korea, China, and Japan, are investing heavily in the hydrogen refueling station infrastructure to facilitate the increased demand for fuel cell electric vehicles in the upcoming years.

South Korea leads in the deployment of the fuel cell electric vehicle development in Asia-Pacific with over 19,000 cars in stock which is almost double when compared to 2020. Additionally, the United States is the second largest stock of fuel cell electric vehicles, with an amount of 12,400 units. Amount 25% more when compared to the stock in 2020.

In Addition, China boasts the world's largest fleet of fuel cell buses and trucks, with over 8,400 vehicles in total. China produces about 90% of the world's fuel cell buses and over 95% of the world's fuel cell trucks.

Owing to the expected growth in the major countries in Asia-Pacific, the fuel cell vehicle market is expected to grow in this region in the forecast period.

Competitive Landscape

The flex-fuel vehicle industry constitutes a number of players making up a concentrated market. The top five competitors in the market account for more than 60% of the entire market share, owing to a wide range of vehicles that operate on the fuel cell.

The major players in the market include Hyundai Motor Company, Volkswagen AG, Honda Motor Company, Toyota Motor Corporation, and Mercedes-Benz Group.

Many other players are partnering with players to develop fuel cell electric vehicle technology. For instance,
  • In July 2021, Toyota announced that Caetano Bus, the Portuguese bus manufacturing company, and Toyota announced the co-branding of the battery-electric city bus, the e-City Gold, and the fuel cell electric bus, the H2.City Gold. Since 2019, TME has integrated Toyota’s fuel cell technology, including fuel cell stacks, hydrogen tanks, and other key components, into the hydrogen city buses manufactured by Caetano Bus.
  • In April 2021, SAFRA Materiel Transport Public and Symbio (a subsidiary of Michelin and Faurecia) signed an agreement to manufacture 1500 hydrogen buses.

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Table of Contents

1.1 Study Assumptions
1.2 Scope of the Study
4.1 Market Drivers
4.2 Market Restraints
4.3 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.3.1 Threat of New Entrants
4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers
4.3.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products
4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
5.1 By Vehicle type
5.1.1 Passenger Vehicle
5.1.2 Commercial Vehicle
5.2 Geography
5.2.1 North America US Canada Rest of North America
5.2.2 Europe Germany UK France Russia Spain Rest of Europe
5.2.3 Asia-Pacific India China Japan South Korea Rest of Asia-Pacific
5.2.4 South America Brazil Argentina Rest of South America
5.2.5 Middle-East and Africa UAE Saudi Arabia Rest of Middle-East and Africa
6.1 Vendor Market Share
6.2 Company Profiles
6.2.1 Volkswagen AG
6.2.2 BMW Group
6.2.3 Mercedes-Benz Group
6.2.4 Honda Motor Company Limited
6.2.5 General Motor Company
6.2.6 MAN SE
6.2.7 Volvo Group
6.2.8 Toyota Motor Company
6.2.9 Hyundai Motor Company

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • Volkswagen AG
  • BMW Group
  • Mercedes-Benz Group
  • Honda Motor Company Limited
  • General Motor Company
  • MAN SE
  • Volvo Group
  • Toyota Motor Company
  • Hyundai Motor Company