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Intelligent Diagnosis of Lung Cancer and Respiratory Diseases

  • Book
  • July 2022
  • Bentham Science Publishers Ltd
  • ID: 5645222

Intelligent Diagnosis of Lung Cancer and Respiratory Diseases presents information about diseases of the respiratory system and the relevant diagnostic imaging techniques. The book focuses on intelligent diagnostic imaging systems.

The first section of the book deals with the physiological underpinnings of 3 major diseases that affect the respiratory system: tuberculosis, lung cancer and COVID-19. This section also explains the basic principles of artificial Intelligence that support the diagnosis of these diseases.

The next section presents applications of intelligent systems to support the imaging diagnosis of COVID-19 and lung cancer, with emphasis on digital health and telemedicine approaches.

Each chapter is organized into a readable format, and is accompanied with detailed bibliographical information for further reading.

This book is a reference for everyone seeking to understand how artificial intelligence can provide solutions for diagnostic support systems by processing and analyzing radiological images to improve early diagnosis and, consequently, lung disease prognosis.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Principles Of Respiratory Diseases - Tuberculosis A Brief Study
  • K. S. Mithra Introduction
  • Basic Facts Of Tb
  • Tb Disease
  • Tb Symptoms
  • Tb Treatment
  • Tb Challenges
  • Drug-Resistant Tb
  • Hiv Co-Infection
  • Tb Prevention
  • Vaccination
  • Tb Control Strategies
  • Global Tb Report
  • Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
  • Mycobacterium Taxonomy
  • Human Pathogens Of Mycobacterium
  • Cell Wall Structure Of Mtb
  • Characteristics Of Mtb
  • Pathogenesis Of Mtb
  • Diagnosis Of Tb
  • Skin Test
  • Interferon Gamma Release Assay
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Serological Test
  • Sputum Examination
  • Sputum Slide Preparation
  • Equipment Needed
  • Zn Staining Of Sputum Slide
  • Bright Filed Microscopy
  • Infection Level Recording
  • Fluorescent Microscopy
  • Bright Field With Fluorescent Microscopy
  • Computer Aided Diagnosis Of Tb
  • Medical Imaging
  • Sputum Image Processing
  • Evaluation Of Various Cad Systems
  • Performance Evaluation Of Bright Field Microscopic Methods
  • Performance Evaluation Of Fluorescent Microscopic Methods
  • Summary
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 2 Physiological Basis For The Indication Of Mechanical Ventilation
  • Ananda M. A. Gonçalves, Angela I. De B. Ferreira, Beatriz Cabral P. Carneiro. Francilaide Ester De C. Xavier, Giovanna Fiorentino, Guilherme Albuquerque De F Monteiro, Gutembergmann B. Coutinho, Arianne Sarmento Torcate And Mirela Carolaine C. Da Cruz Respiratory System
  • Respiratory Insufficiency
  • Calculation Of The Alveolar-Arterial Gradient
  • Classification As To The Duration And Type Of Respiratory Insufficiency
  • Type I Respiratory Insufficiency
  • Type Ii Respiratory Insufficiency
  • Causes Of Respiratory Insufficiency
  • Suspicion And Clinical Manifestations
  • General State
  • Nervous System
  • Breathing
  • Auscultation
  • Hemodynamics
  • Gasometric Diagnosis
  • Patient Monitoring
  • Supportive Treatment: Oxygen Therapy, Invasive And Non-Invasive Mechanical Ventilation . 37 Oxygen Therapy
  • Mechanical Ventilation
  • Mechanical Ventilation Invasive And Non-Invasive
  • Clinical Improvement Of Severe Hypoxemia
  • Clinical Improvement Of Hypercapnia
  • Indication And Contraindication
  • Indication
  • Non-Invasive Mechanical Ventilation
  • Invasive Mechanical Ventilation - Intubation
  • Tracheostomy
  • Indications Of Ventilation Modes
  • Imv In Postoperative Respiratory Insufficiency
  • Vmi In Asthma
  • Vmi At Covid-19
  • Imv In Thoracic Trauma
  • Contraindication
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 3 Artificial Intelligence In The Diagnosis Of Diseases Of The Respiratory System
  • Leticia M. Seijas And Byron L. D. Bezerra Introduction
  • Intelligent Diagnosis Of Lung Cancer And Respiratory Diseases In Radiology
  • Deep Learning Techniques
  • Introduction
  • Convolutional Neural Networks (Cnn)
  • Training A Cnn
  • Cnn Architectures
  • Alexnet
  • Vgg
  • Googlenet
  • Resnet
  • Densenet
  • Confusion Matrix And Statistical Measures
  • Transfer Learning
  • Software And Hardware Platforms For Deep Learning
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 4 Covid-19: Clinical, Immunological, And Image Findings From Infection To Post-Covid Syndrome
  • Georon Ferreira De Sousa, Guilherme Antonio De Souza Silva, Bárbara Rafaela Da Silva, Barros, Rodrigo Cesar Abreu De Aquino, Maríllia Raphaella Cabral Fonseca De Lima Leonardo Carvalho De Oliveira Cruz1, Elifrances Galdino De Oliveira, Igor Wesland Assunção De Sá, Fábio Augusto Da Cunha Rodrigues, Francisco Hélio Oliveira, Antonio Carlos De Freitas, Evônio De Barros Campelo Júnior And Cristiane Moutinho Lagos De Melo Sars-Cov-2 Infection And Virus-Cell Interaction Of The Upper Respiratory Tract Before It Reaches The Lungs
  • Immune Responses In Lung Tissue
  • Consequences Of Hyperinflammation In Lung Tissues
  • Clinical Characterization Of Covid-19 Imaging Findings
  • Covid-19 Laboratory Findings
  • Post-Covid-19 Syndrome
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 5 Unveiling Distinguished Methodologies For The Diagnosis Of Covid-19
  • Michelle Melgarejo Da Rosa, Michelly Cristiny Pereira, Vanessa Mylenna Florêncio De, Carvalho, Ana Paula Da Fonseca Arcoverde Cabral De Mello, Crislaine Xavier Da Silva Bárbara De Oliveira Silva, Anderson Félix Dos Santos, Rayssa Evelyn Valentim De Moraes Souza And Maira Galdino Da Rocha Pitta Introduction
  • Types Of Methodologies Used For Covid-19 Diagnostic
  • Immunoassays Methods
  • Nucleic Acid Assays Methods - Rapid Pcr-Based Methods
  • Mic Qpcr Cycler (Bio Molecular Systems)
  • Microfluidic-Based Pcr Devices
  • Verecov ™ Onemix
  • Star Array Sars-Cov-2 Nucleic Acid Detection Kit 1.0
  • Isothermal Amplification
  • Reverse Transcription-Enzymatic Recombinase Amplification (Rt-Era)
  • Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (Rt-Lamp) Technique .
  • Crispr-Cas Based Detection Methods
  • Closing Remarks
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 6 E-Health, M-Health And Telemedicine For The Covid-19 Pandemic
  • Ana Sofia Miranda De Albuquerque, Maria Amanda Pérez De Oliveira And Cristine Martins Gomes De Gusmão Introduction
  • Material And Methods
  • Search Strategy And Data Sources
  • Eligibility Criteria
  • Study Selection And Data Extraction
  • Mapping Process
  • Search Results
  • Main Findings - According To The Geolocation
  • Main Findings - According To The Specific Areas Of Medicine
  • Telehealth As Vital Tool During Pandemics
  • Main Areas Of Use
  • Geolocalized Analysis
  • Final Considerations And Perspectives
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 7 Absolute Images Reconstruction In Heart And Lungs For Covid-19 Patients Using Multifrequencial Electrical Impedance Tomography System And D-Bar Method
  • Julia G. B. Wolff, Wellington P. Dos Santos And Pedro Bertemes-Filho Introduction
  • Respiratory System
  • Pulmonary Ventilation
  • Pulmonary Perfusion
  • Covid-19 Epidemic
  • Algoritms For D-Bar Methods
  • Mathematical Formulation Of D-Bar Method
  • Complex Geometric Optical Solutions (Cgo’S)
  • The Scattering Transform
  • Results And Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Consent For Publication
  • Conflict Of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • Annexes
  • Annexe I: Image Reconstruction Codes Using D-Bar Method With Simulated Conductivities 179 References

Author

  • Wellington Pinheiro dos Santos
  • Juliana Carneiro Gomes
  • Maíra Araújo de Santana
  • Valter Augusto de Freitas Barbosa