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Aluminum Market - Global Industry Analysis (2018 - 2021) - Growth Trends and Market Forecast (2022 - 2030)

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    Report

  • 396 Pages
  • July 2022
  • Region: Global
  • Fairfield Market Research
  • ID: 5647327

Aluminum is one of the most widely used metals in the world. From airplanes to utensils, aluminum’s use cases are far-reaching. Its qualities such as lighter weight, durability, corrosion resistance, and heat and electricity conductivity have diversified its end-use applications. The ability to use aluminum in a wide range of industries, rapid industrialization, and tech-driven developments in the automotive industry are expected to augment the demand for aluminum in the coming years. Moreover, secondary aluminum is also gaining tremendous traction owing to its application in construction materials, transportation, packaging foils and cans among others. The cumulative force of these factors is poised to unlock new revenue avenues in the global aluminum market.

The publisher finds that the global aluminum market is expected to grow from its 2021 valuation of US$ 245.7 billion and reach US$ 498.5 billion by 2030. This growth will occur at a sound CAGR of 5.8% between 2022 and 2030.

 

Key Insights and Trends Across Global Aluminum Market

  • The rolled and extruded aluminum segment accounted for a share of over 60% in the global aluminum market in 2021. This is due to its diverse applications in aerospace, automotive, electrical, consumer goods, and packaging industries.
  • As of 2021, the Asia Pacific commanded a staggering 69% of the total value share. APAC’s automotive, construction, and manufacturing sectors are expected to maintain their status as the key demand pools within its aluminum market.
  • In terms of volume, secondary aluminum held an overall share of 29% in the aluminum market owing to its advantages, such as lower production costs and lesser energy consumption.

Rolled and Extruded Aluminum to Garner Promising Demand Amidst Extensive Application in Diverse Industries

Aluminum semis are available in a wide range of shapes and sizes including extruded, rolled, forged, cast, and cable forms. Among these, rolled and extruded aluminum generate significant demand in the overall aluminum market. Flat-rolled aluminum finds considerable application in industries such as aerospace, electrical, automotive, consumer goods, and packaging. The growing focus on building lightweight and fuel-efficient automobiles are creating promising market trends for rolled aluminum. It is used in the car’s body, interior and exterior panels, and heat exchangers. Meanwhile, extruded aluminum is in high demand owing to its strength, durability, and flexibility. This makes it an excellent product for usage in construction, transportation, and consumer goods industries. Such widespread applications are set to maintain the global aluminum market growth during the study period.

 

Asia Pacific to Lead Aluminum Market Amidst Flourishing Manufacturing Industry

The thriving manufacturing sector and high consumption of aluminum in the Asia Pacific are set to establish the region as the leading aluminum market in the projection period. Major economies such as China and India are contributing significantly to such market growth. Notably, promising advancements in China’s automotive and aerospace industries are scaling the expansion of APAC’s aluminum market. Furthermore, favourable construction and automotive manufacturing activities in India are enabling the Asia Pacific to sustain its dominance in the global aluminum market.

 

Notable Market Players

Some of the prominent market entities operating in the global aluminum market include China Hongqiao Group Co. Ltd., Aluminum Corporation of China Limited (Chalco), Shandong Xinfa Aluminium Group, United Company Rusal IPJSC, Emirates Global Aluminium, Alcoa Corporation, and Hindalco Industries Limited.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
1.1. Global Aluminum Market Snapshot
1.2. Future Projections
1.3. Key Market Trends
1.4. Regional Snapshot, by Volume, 2021
1.5. Analyst Recommendations
2. Market Overview
2.1. Market Definitions and Segmentations
2.2. Market Dynamics
2.2.1. Drivers
2.2.2. Restraints
2.2.3. Market Opportunities
2.3. Value Chain Analysis
2.4. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
2.5. Covid-19 Impact Analysis
2.5.1. Supply
2.5.2. Demand
2.6. Role of Aluminum in Low Carbon Future
2.7. Government Policies to Encourage Aluminum Sustainability
2.8. Impact of Ukraine-Russia Conflict
2.9. Economic Overview
2.9.1. World Economic Projections
2.9.2. Electric Car Registrations and Market Share, 2015-2021
2.9.3. Per Capita Aluminum Consumption, by Major Countries, 2020
2.10. PESTLE Analysis
3. Production Output and Trade Statistics
3.1. Global Bauxite Reserves, by Country, 2021
3.2. Global Bauxite Production, by Region, 2021
3.3. Global Alumina Production, by Region, 2021
3.4. Global Primary Aluminum Production, 2018 - 2021
3.5. Aluminum Import Statistics, 2018-2021
3.6. Aluminum Export Statistics, 2018-2021
4. Price Trends Analysis and Future Projects, 2018 - 2030
4.1. Global Average Price Analysis, by Source, US$ per Kg
4.2. Prominent Factors Affecting Aluminum Prices
4.3. Global Average Price Analysis, by Region, US$ per Kg
5. Global Aluminum Market Outlook, 2018 - 2030
5.1. Global Aluminum Market Outlook, by Source, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
5.1.1. Key Highlights
5.1.1.1. Primary Aluminum
5.1.1.2. Secondary Aluminum
5.2. Global Aluminum Market Outlook, by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
5.2.1. Key Highlights
5.2.1.1. Flat
5.2.1.2. Extruded
5.2.1.3. Forged
5.2.1.4. Cast
5.2.1.5. Wires & Cables
5.2.1.6. Misc. (Pastes, Pigments, etc.)
5.3. Global Aluminum Market Outlook, by End-users, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
5.3.1. Key Highlights
5.3.1.1. Automotive
5.3.1.1.1. Conventional Vehicles
5.3.1.1.2. Electric Vehicles
5.3.1.2. Transportation
5.3.1.2.1. Aerospace
5.3.1.2.2. Rail
5.3.1.2.3. Marine
5.3.1.3. Packaging
5.3.1.4. Construction
5.3.1.5. Consumer Durables
5.3.1.6. Machinery & Equipment
5.3.1.7. Electrical
5.3.1.8. Misc. (Sport Goods, Defense, etc.)
5.4. Global Aluminum Market Outlook, by Region, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
5.4.1. Key Highlights
5.4.1.1. North America
5.4.1.2. Europe
5.4.1.3. Asia Pacific
5.4.1.4. Latin America
5.4.1.5. Middle East & Africa
6. North America Aluminum Market Outlook, 2018 - 2030
6.1. North America Aluminum Market Outlook, by Source, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
6.1.1. Key Highlights
6.1.1.1. Primary Aluminum
6.1.1.2. Secondary Aluminum
6.2. North America Aluminum Market Outlook, by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
6.2.1. Key Highlights
6.2.1.1. Flat
6.2.1.2. Extruded
6.2.1.3. Forged
6.2.1.4. Cast
6.2.1.5. Wires & Cables
6.2.1.6. Misc. (Pastes, Pigments, etc.)
6.3. North America Aluminum Market Outlook, by End-users, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
6.3.1. Key Highlights
6.3.1.1. Automotive
6.3.1.1.1. Conventional Vehicles
6.3.1.1.2. Electric Vehicles
6.3.1.2. Transportation
6.3.1.2.1. Aerospace
6.3.1.2.2. Rail
6.3.1.2.3. Marine
6.3.1.3. Packaging
6.3.1.4. Construction
6.3.1.5. Consumer Durables
6.3.1.6. Machinery & Equipment
6.3.1.7. Electrical
6.3.1.8. Misc. (Sport Goods, Defense, etc.)
6.3.2. Market Attractiveness Analysis
6.4. North America Aluminum Market Outlook, by Country, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
6.4.1. Key Highlights
6.4.1.1. U.S. Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
6.4.1.2. U.S. Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
6.4.1.3. Canada Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
6.4.1.4. Canada Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
6.4.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
7. Europe Aluminum Market Outlook, 2018 - 2030
7.1. Europe Aluminum Market Outlook, by Source, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.1.1. Key Highlights
7.1.1.1. Primary Aluminum
7.1.1.2. Secondary Aluminum
7.2. Europe Aluminum Market Outlook, by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.2.1. Key Highlights
7.2.1.1. Flat
7.2.1.2. Extruded
7.2.1.3. Forged
7.2.1.4. Cast
7.2.1.5. Wires & Cables
7.2.1.6. Misc. (Pastes, Pigments, etc.)
7.3. Europe Aluminum Market Outlook, by End-users, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.3.1. Key Highlights
7.3.1.1. Automotive
7.3.1.1.1. Conventional Vehicles
7.3.1.1.2. Electric Vehicles
7.3.1.2. Transportation
7.3.1.2.1. Aerospace
7.3.1.2.2. Rail
7.3.1.2.3. Marine
7.3.1.3. Packaging
7.3.1.4. Construction
7.3.1.5. Consumer Durables
7.3.1.6. Machinery & Equipment
7.3.1.7. Electrical
7.3.1.8. Misc. (Sport Goods, Defense, etc.)
7.3.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
7.4. Europe Aluminum Market Outlook, by Country, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1. Key Highlights
7.4.1.1. Germany Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.2. Germany Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.3. U.K. Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.4. U.K. Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.5. France Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.6. France Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.7. Italy Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.8. Italy Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.9. Turkey Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.10. Turkey Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.11. Russia Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.12. Russia Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.13. Rest of Europe Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.1.14. Rest of Europe Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
7.4.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
8. Asia Pacific Aluminum Market Outlook, 2018 - 2030
8.1. Asia Pacific Aluminum Market Outlook, by Source, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.1.1. Key Highlights
8.1.1.1. Primary Aluminum
8.1.1.2. Secondary Aluminum
8.2. Asia Pacific Aluminum Market Outlook, by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.2.1. Key Highlights
8.2.1.1. Flat
8.2.1.2. Extruded
8.2.1.3. Forged
8.2.1.4. Cast
8.2.1.5. Wires & Cables
8.2.1.6. Misc. (Pastes, Pigments, etc.)
8.3. Asia Pacific Aluminum Market Outlook, by End-users, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.3.1. Key Highlights
8.3.1.1. Automotive
8.3.1.1.1. Conventional Vehicles
8.3.1.1.2. Electric Vehicles
8.3.1.2. Transportation
8.3.1.2.1. Aerospace
8.3.1.2.2. Rail
8.3.1.2.3. Marine
8.3.1.3. Packaging
8.3.1.4. Construction
8.3.1.5. Consumer Durables
8.3.1.6. Machinery & Equipment
8.3.1.7. Electrical
8.3.1.8. Misc. (Sport Goods, Defense, etc.)
8.3.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
8.4. Asia Pacific Aluminum Market Outlook, by Country, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1. Key Highlights
8.4.1.1. China Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.2. China Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.3. Japan Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.4. Japan Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.5. South Korea Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.6. South Korea Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.7. India Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.8. India Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.9. Southeast Asia Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.10. Southeast Asia Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.11. Rest of Asia Pacific Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.1.12. Rest of Asia Pacific Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
8.4.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
9. Latin America Aluminum Market Outlook, 2018 - 2030
9.1. Latin America Aluminum Market Outlook, by Source, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.1.1. Key Highlights
9.1.1.1. Primary Aluminum
9.1.1.2. Secondary Aluminum
9.2. Latin America Aluminum Market Outlook, by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.2.1. Key Highlights
9.2.1.1. Flat
9.2.1.2. Extruded
9.2.1.3. Forged
9.2.1.4. Cast
9.2.1.5. Wires & Cables
9.2.1.6. Misc. (Pastes, Pigments, etc.)
9.3. Latin America Aluminum Market Outlook, by End-users, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.3.1. Key Highlights
9.3.1.1. Automotive
9.3.1.1.1. Conventional Vehicles
9.3.1.1.2. Electric Vehicles
9.3.1.2. Transportation
9.3.1.2.1. Aerospace
9.3.1.2.2. Rail
9.3.1.2.3. Marine
9.3.1.3. Packaging
9.3.1.4. Construction
9.3.1.5. Consumer Durables
9.3.1.6. Machinery & Equipment
9.3.1.7. Electrical
9.3.1.8. Misc. (Sport Goods, Defense, etc.)
9.3.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
9.4. Latin America Aluminum Market Outlook, by Country, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.1. Key Highlights
9.4.1.1. Brazil Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.1.2. Brazil Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.1.3. Mexico Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.1.4. Mexico Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.1.5. Argentina Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.1.6. Argentina Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.1.7. Rest of Latin America Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.1.8. Rest of Latin America Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
9.4.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
10. Middle East & Africa Aluminum Market Outlook, 2018 - 2030
10.1. Middle East & Africa Aluminum Market Outlook, by Source, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.1.1. Key Highlights
10.1.1.1. Primary Aluminum
10.1.1.2. Secondary Aluminum
10.2. Middle East & Africa Aluminum Market Outlook, by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.2.1. Key Highlights
10.2.1.1. Flat
10.2.1.2. Extruded
10.2.1.3. Forged
10.2.1.4. Cast
10.2.1.5. Wires & Cables
10.2.1.6. Misc. (Pastes, Pigments, etc.)
10.3. Middle East & Africa Aluminum Market Outlook, by End-users, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.3.1. Key Highlights
10.3.1.1. Automotive
10.3.1.1.1. Conventional Vehicles
10.3.1.1.2. Electric Vehicles
10.3.1.2. Transportation
10.3.1.2.1. Aerospace
10.3.1.2.2. Rail
10.3.1.2.3. Marine
10.3.1.3. Packaging
10.3.1.4. Construction
10.3.1.5. Consumer Durables
10.3.1.6. Machinery & Equipment
10.3.1.7. Electrical
10.3.1.8. Misc. (Sport Goods, Defense, etc.)
10.3.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
10.4. Middle East & Africa Aluminum Market Outlook, by Country, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1. Key Highlights
10.4.1.1. GCC Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.2. GCC Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.3. South Africa Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.4. South Africa Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.5. Egypt Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.6. Egypt Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.7. Nigeria Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.8. Nigeria Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.9. Rest of Middle East & Africa Aluminum Market by Product, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.1.10. Rest of Middle East & Africa Aluminum Market by Application, Volume (Kilo Tons) and Value (US$ Mn), 2018 - 2030
10.4.2. BPS Analysis/Market Attractiveness Analysis
11. Competitive Landscape
11.1. Product vs Application Heatmap
11.2. Manufacturer vs Application Heatmap
11.3. Company Market Share Analysis, 2021
11.4. Competitive Dashboard
11.5. Company Profiles
11.5.1. Aluminum Corporation of China Limited (Chalco)
11.5.1.1. Company Overview
11.5.1.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.1.3. Financial Overview
11.5.1.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.2. China Hongqiao Group Co. Ltd.
11.5.2.1. Company Overview
11.5.2.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.2.3. Financial Overview
11.5.2.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.3. United Company Rusal IPJSC
11.5.3.1. Company Overview
11.5.3.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.3.3. Financial Overview
11.5.3.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.4. Shandong Xinfa Aluminum Group
11.5.4.1. Company Overview
11.5.4.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.4.3. Financial Overview
11.5.4.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.5. Rio Tinto Group
11.5.5.1. Company Overview
11.5.5.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.5.3. Financial Overview
11.5.5.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.6. Emirates Global Aluminum
11.5.6.1. Company Overview
11.5.6.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.6.3. Financial Overview
11.5.6.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.7. Alcoa Corporation
11.5.7.1. Company Overview
11.5.7.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.7.3. Financial Overview
11.5.7.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.8. State Power Investment Corporation Limited (SPIC)
11.5.8.1. Company Overview
11.5.8.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.8.3. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.9. Norsk Hydro ASA
11.5.9.1. Company Overview
11.5.9.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.9.3. Financial Overview
11.5.9.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.10. Hindalco Industries Limited
11.5.10.1. Company Overview
11.5.10.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.10.3. Financial Overview
11.5.10.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.11. Vedanta Limited
11.5.11.1. Company Overview
11.5.11.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.11.3. Financial Overview
11.5.11.4. Business Strategies and Development
11.5.12. South32 Limited
11.5.12.1. Company Overview
11.5.12.2. Product Portfolio
11.5.12.3. Financial Overview
11.5.12.4. Business Strategies and Development
12. Appendix
12.1. Research Methodology
12.2. Report Assumptions
12.3. Acronyms and Abbreviations

Executive Summary

Global aluminum market was valued at US$ 245.7 Bn in 2021 and is projected to reach US$ 498.5 Bn by the end of 2030, exhibiting a healthy CAGR of 5.8% between 2022 and 2030. The market is poised for 2x expansion by 2030.

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • Aluminum Corporation of China Limited (Chalco)
  • China Hongqiao Group Co. Ltd.
  • United Company Rusal IPJSC
  • Shandong Xinfa Aluminium Group
  • Rio Tinto Group
  • Emirates Global Aluminium
  • Alcoa Corporation
  • State Power Investment Corporation Limited (SPIC)
  • Norsk Hydro ASA
  • Hindalco Industries Limited
  • Vedanta Limited
  • South32 Limited

Methodology

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