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Applications of Nanomaterials in Energy Storage and Electronics

  • Book
  • August 2022
  • Bentham Science Publishers Ltd
  • ID: 5654219
This volume describes recent advancements in the synthesis and applications of nanomaterials for energy harvesting and storage, and optoelectronics technology for next-generation devices.

This book consists of 15 chapters that cover a range of nanomaterials and the corresponding technologies.

The initial chapters summarize the recent progress in applications of nanomaterials like carbon nanotubes, metal oxides, and graphene oxides-based hybrids in solar energy harvesting using recent photovoltaic technologies. These chapters are followed by reviews on nanowires, graphene quantum dots, boron nitrides, carbon nano onions and metal organic frameworks leading to the fabrication of supercapacitors, bio-sensors, lithium-ion batteries and hydrogen storage applications. The final set of chapters cover the next generation fuel cells using polymer nanocomposites, ferroelectric liquid crystal nanocomposite and optoelectronic nanomaterials for optical memory and displays devices.

Key Features:

  • Describes the types of nanomaterials that are fundamental to energy storage and electronic systems. These materials include nanowires, graphene quantum dots, boron nitrides, carbon nano onions and metal organic frameworks (MOFs),
  • Covers the processes for nanomaterial synthesis
  • Reviews important photovoltaics applications of nanomaterials, including their use in energy storage, batteries and optoelectronic devices
  • Discusses the application of nanomaterials in electronics for sensing, bioelectronics, memory, nanocomposites for fuel cells, ferroelectric liquid crystal nanocomposites and optoelectronic nanomaterials for optical memory and displays
  • Provides references for further reading in every chapter

The volume informs engineers, academic researchers, research scholars and graduate students working in the area of nanomaterials for energy generation, storage and optoelectronics.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • Properties of Carbon Nanotubes
  • Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes
  • Arc Discharge Method
  • Laser Ablation
  • Chemical Vapour Deposition
  • Solar Energy Storage Devices
  • Cnt Nanocomposites in Solar Energy Storage Devices
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interests
  • Acknowledgements
  • Reference
Chapter 2 Recent Advances on Carbon Nanostructure-Based Biosensors
  • Ashish Kalkal and Gopinath Packirisamy Introduction
  • Cnts Based Biosensors
  • Graphene and Its Derivatives Based Biosensors
  • Carbon Dots and Graphene Quantum Dots Based Biosensors
  • Conclusions and Perspectives
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interests
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
Chapter 3 Carbon Nano-Onions: Synthesis, Properties and Electrochemical Applications
  • Jeotikanta Mohapatra, Arijit Mitra and J. Ping Liu Introduction
  • Production and Structural Properties of Cnos
  • Supercapacitor Electrodes Based on Cnos
  • Cnos as Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries
  • Biosensing Characteristics of Cnos
  • Conclusion and Future Outlook
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interests
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 4 Graphene Based Hybrid Nanocomposites for Solar Cells
  • Sachin Kadian, Manjinder Singh and Gaurav Manik Introduction
  • Application of Graphene and Its Nanocomposites in Oscs
  • Graphene-Based Materials as Electrode in Oscs
  • Graphene-Based Materials as Hole and Electron Transport Layer in Oscs
  • Application of Graphene and Its Nanocomposites in Dsscs
  • Application of Graphene and Its Nanocomposites in Pscs
  • Conclusion and Future Prospective
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 5 New Frontiers of Graphene Based Nanohybrids for Energy Harvesting Applications
  • Sriparna De, Arpita Adhikari and Dipankar Chattopadhyay Introduction
  • Unique Features of Graphene
  • Fabrication of Graphene and Its Various Assembly
  • Self-Assembly Methods
  • Template Methods
  • Aerosolization Process
  • Direct Deposition Technique
  • Significance of Graphene-Based Nanohybrids
  • Supercapacitor Applications
  • Lithium-Ion Battery Field
  • Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell
  • Fuel Cell Applications
  • Sensor and Sensing Devices
  • Concluding Remarks and Future Outlook
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 6 Metal Oxide Based Nanocomposites for Solar Energy Harvesting
  • K. Prabakaran, P.J. Jandas and Jingting Luo Introduction
  • Photoanode Materials
  • Titanium Dioxide (Tio2)
  • Tin Oxide (Sno2)
  • Zinc Oxide (Zno)
  • Other Metal Oxides
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 7 Two-Dimensional Functionalized Hexagonal Boron Nitride (2D H-Bn) Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Applications
  • Shamsiya Shams and B. Bindhu Introduction
  • Hexagonal Boron Nitride (H-Bn)
  • Doping of 2D H-Bn Nanosheets
  • Functionalised 2D H-Bn in Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilisation
  • Theoretical and Experimental Studies
  • Hydrogen Storage
  • Secondary Batteries
  • Solar Energy Transformation and Utilisation
  • Recent Technical Advancements of Functionalised 2D H-Bn and Its Various Applications
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 8 a Concise Summary of Recent Research on Mof- Based Flexible Supercapacitors
  • Ankita Mohanty and Ananthakumar Ramadoss Introduction
  • Flexible Supercapacitor Device
  • Mof for Flexible Supercapacitor
  • Mof Based Flexible Supercapacitors: Various Current Collectors
  • Mof Based Flexible Supercapacitors: Various Active Materials
  • Mof Based Flexible Supercapacitors: Various Electrolytes
  • Mof Based Flexible Supercapacitors Devices
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interests
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 9 Advanced Batteries and Charge Storage Devices Based on Nanowires
  • Sunil Kumar, Ravi Prakash and Pralay Maiti Introduction
  • Charge Storage Devices
  • Nanowire Electrodes as Charge Storage Medium
  • Function and Mechanism of Charge Storage Devices
  • Role of Nanowire Based Separator in Energy Storage Devices
  • Functionalized Nanowires and Its Integrated Storage Capacity
  • Surface Chromophore (Active Sites) and Its Energy Retention Capacity
  • Storage Performance Dependent on Hybrid and Composite Phase of Nanowire Electrode
  • Storage Behaviour of Core Shell and Porous Structures
  • Synergistic Interaction of Nanowire with Conjugated Polymer and Metal Oxide/Sulfide
  • Influence of Doping, Coating and Redox Active Group on Nanowire Electrode
  • Phase Dependent Functional Properties and Electrochemical Storage Correlation
  • Integrated Storage Based on 1D Metal - Organic Frameworks (Mofs) Anchored Nanowire 170 Concluding Remarks
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interests
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 10 Polymer Nanocomposite Membrane for Fuel Cell Applications
  • Ratikanta Nayak, Harilal and Prakash Chandra Ghosh Introduction
  • Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell
  • Advantages of Fuel Cell
  • Disadvantages of Fuel Cell
  • Polymer Electrolyte (Or Proton-Exchange) Membrane Fuel Cell 179 Thermally Stable Polymer
  • Nanocomposite Membrane
  • Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite
  • Cnt Nanocomposite
  • Sio2 Silicate-Based Nanocomposite
  • Titanium Dioxide (Tio2) Based Nanocomposite
  • Nanocomposite Pems with Perovskite-Type Oxides Protonic Conductors
  • Nanocomposite Pems with Zeolite
  • Nanocomposite Pems with Cellulose Whiskers (Cws)
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interests
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 11 Graphene-Based Nanocomposites for Electro-Optic Devices 190 Monojit Bag, Jitendra Kumar and Ramesh Kumar Introduction
  • Graphene Oxide in Perovskite-Based Devices
  • Reduced Graphene Oxide in Perovskite-Based Devices
  • Doped Graphene in Perovskite-Based Devices
  • Incorporation of Gqds into Perovskite Active Layer
  • Conclusion
  • Consent for Publication
  • Conflict of Interests
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Chapter 12 Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Nanocomposite for Optical Memory and Next Generation Display Applications
  • Harris Varghese, T.K. Abhilash and Achu Chandran Introduction
  • Flc-Nanocomposites for Memory Application
  • Metal Nanoparticles in Flc
  • Semiconducting Nanoparticles in Flc
  • Insulating Nanoparticles in Flc
  • Other Nanoparticles in Flc
  • Flc-Nanocomposites for Next-Generation Display Applications
  • Metal Nanoparticles in Flc
  • Semiconducting Nanoparticles in Flc

Author

  • Gaurav Manik
  • Sushanta Kumar Sahoo