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Immersion Cooling Market - Forecasts from 2023 to 2028

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  • 140 Pages
  • May 2023
  • Region: Global
  • Knowledge Sourcing Intelligence LLP
  • ID: 5794102

The immersion cooling market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 23.85% to reach US$1,151.925 million in 2028 from US$257.74 million in 2021.

Immersion cooling is the process of cooling hardware equipment such as batteries, motors, and computers by immersing them in a thermally conductive dielectric liquid. Mineral oils, synthetic oils, and fluoro-carbon-based fluids are the most used liquids for single-phase and double-phase immersion cooling purposes. In a single-phase immersion cooling system, the coolant is transported using a distribution unit installed to facilitate cooling using a heat exchanger unit. In contrast, the coolant retains its liquid state. In contrast, in a two-phase cooling system, the coolant is initially vaporized, and later condenser coils are employed to restore the liquid form of coolants. The major factors stimulating the consumption of immersion cooling solutions are the growing cryptocurrency mining activities, increasing national data center capacity among major economies, and the thermal efficiency demand in electric vehicles.

Market Drivers

Increase in the number of data centers

The growth in the number of data centers internationally and the evolution in their capacity is stimulating the demand for data centers. As per a report compiled by the North American data center, over 100 data center projects had either been announced or were in the initial process of being planned in the US as of 2021 with major operators and service providers such as Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and Google accounting for approximately more than 90% of these data center projects. The adoption of immersion cooling systems aids data centers in lowering their energy consumption. Further, the employment of immersion cooling can significantly increase the efficiency of energy usage by data centers. The International Energy Agency estimated that the workloads of data centers would increase by 260% to reach 650 million in 2021 from its initial value of 180 million in 2015, driven by the evolution of digital technologies. Therefore, the rise in data centers across major countries is a significant factor expected to promote the growth of the immersion cooling market over the forecast period.

Rise in the production of electric vehicles

The International Energy Agency announced that the worldwide sale of electric vehicles was estimated at around 6.6 million in 2021. The rising demand for electric vehicles offers an opportunity for the expansion of the immersion cooling market since they are employed to cool the batteries of electric vehicles. Research tests conducted by Exoes’s Lab revealed that using immersion cooling solutions to cool EV batteries prolongs battery life, enhances safety by lowering thermal runway accidents, and facilitates quick battery charging. Furthermore, the increasing need for efficient thermal management to prevent battery fire accidents results in consideration of immersion cooling usage by EV manufacturers and chemical companies such as the Lubrizol Corporation and Ricardo PLC to let the battery be directly submerged in dielectric coolants. Therefore, the increasing need for effective battery cooling systems in electric vehicles is expected to drive the demand for immersion cooling systems over the forecast period.

By application, the cryptocurrency mining segment is expected to contribute majorly to the development of the immersion cooling market.

The rise in cryptocurrency mining activities fueled by the release of new software platforms facilitating the cryptocurrency mining process and consumers' increasing focus on digital currency is resulting in high energy consumption by this sector. As a result, the international energy consumed for cryptocurrency mining increased by 300%, changing from 4 TWh in 2015 to reach approximately 100 to 140 TWh in 2021, as per the data released by the IEA. This sector's massive surge in energy consumption results in high demand for immersion cooling systems to ensure the smooth functioning of computer systems.

The availability of alternative cooling solutions is impeding the market growth.

The presence of substitutes like conventional cooling systems limits the usage of immersion cooling solutions. However, the easy installation and lesser complications involved with adopting air-cooling products are promoting its use by the data center of major technology companies such as Google, Meta, and Dell Technologies. Further, air coolers have been one of the most dominantly used systems to cool data centers over the last decade. However, the upgradation to immersion cooling systems requires data centers to incur additional costs and make certain service infrastructure modifications, causing the continued use of air-cooling technology among certain data centers, leading to a slower growth of the immersion cooling market.

Asia Pacific region holds a substantial share of the immersion cooling market and is expected to grow in the forecast period.

The enhancement in chip technology and server infrastructure is promoting the growth of data centers in the region, creating an increased demand for immersion cooling solutions. For instance, the Indian government declared that the National Data Centre intends to accelerate the nationwide rise in scheduled data center capacity by installing 2000 MW of data center capacity by the end of 2027. Further, the data center sector is also being expanded by investing in leading companies such as Microsoft, Dell Technologies, and Samsung in the region. For example, Amazon Web Services reported in November 2022 the opening of its second data center, AWS Asia Pacific Region, in India. Therefore, developing data centers across the region is expected to drive the immersion cooling market.

Market Segmentation:

By Type

  • Single-Phase
  • Two-Phase

By Application

  • High-Performance Computing
  • Edge Computing
  • Cryptocurrency Mining
  • Others

By Cooling Fluid

  • Mineral Oils
  • Synthetic Oils
  • Fluoro-carbon based Fluids
  • Others

By Geography

  • North America
  • USA
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • South America
  • Brazil
  • Argentina
  • Others
  • Europe
  • Germany
  • France
  • United Kingdom
  • Spain
  • Others
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Saudi Arabia
  • UAE
  • Israel
  • Others
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • South Korea
  • Indonesia
  • Taiwan
  • Others

Table of Contents

1.1. Market Overview
1.2. Market Definition
1.3. Scope of the Study
1.4. Market Segmentation
1.5. Currency
1.6. Assumptions
1.7. Base and Forecast Years Timeline
2.1. Research Data
2.2. Research Design
2.3. Validation
3.1. Research Highlights
4.1. Market Drivers
4.2. Market Restraints
4.3. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
4.3.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.3.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
4.3.3. The Threat of New Entrants
4.3.4. Threat of Substitutes
4.3.5. Competitive Rivalry in the Industry
4.4. Industry Value Chain Analysis
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Single-Phase
5.3. Two-Phase
6.1. Introduction
6.2. High-Performance Computing
6.3. Edge Computing
6.4. Cryptocurrency Mining
6.5. Others
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Mineral Oils
7.3. Synthetic Oils
7.4. Fluoro-carbon based Fluids
7.5. Others
8.1. Introduction
8.2. North America
8.2.1. USA
8.2.2. Canada
8.2.3. Mexico
8.3. South America
8.3.1. Brazil
8.3.2. Argentina
8.3.3. Others
8.4. Europe
8.4.1. Germany
8.4.2. France
8.4.3. United Kingdom
8.4.4. Spain
8.4.5. Others
8.5. Middle East and Africa
8.5.1. Saudi Arabia
8.5.2. UAE
8.5.3. Israel
8.5.4. Others
8.6. Asia Pacific
8.6.1. China
8.6.2. Japan
8.6.3. India
8.6.4. South Korea
8.6.5. Indonesia
8.6.6. Taiwan
8.6.7. Others
9.1. Major Players and Strategy Analysis
9.2. Emerging Players and Market Lucrativeness
9.3. Mergers, Acquisitions, Agreements, and Collaborations
9.4. Vendor Competitiveness Matrix
10.1. DCX
10.2. GIGA-BYTE Technology Co., Ltd.
10.3. Exxon Mobil Corporation
10.4. 3M
10.5. IBM
10.6. Eaton
10.7. Submer
10.8. Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP
10.9. Schneider Electric
10.10. Laird Thermal Systems, Inc.

Companies Mentioned

  • DCX
  • GIGA-BYTE Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Exxon Mobil Corporation
  • 3M
  • IBM
  • Eaton
  • Submer
  • Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP
  • Schneider Electric
  • Laird Thermal Systems, Inc.



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