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The Respiratory System at a Glance. Edition No. 5. At a Glance

  • Book

  • 128 Pages
  • October 2022
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
  • ID: 5836528
The Respiratory System at a Glance

The market-leading at a Glance series is popular among healthcare students and newly qualified practitioners for its concise, simple approach and excellent illustrations.

Each bite-sized chapter is covered in a double-page spread with clear, easy-to-follow diagrams, supported by succinct explanatory text.

Covering a wide range of topics, books in the at a Glance series are ideal as introductory texts for teaching, learning and revision, and are useful throughout university and beyond.

Everything you need to know about The Respiratory System… at a Glance!

Highly-illustrated overview of the structure and function of the lungs and airways, with sections on history, examination, pathophysiology, treatment and management

Respiratory System at a Glance is a comprehensive guide to normal lung structure and function and associated pathophysiology, featuring key information on all major respiratory disorders.

As per the familiar, easy-to-use ‘at a Glance’ format, each topic is presented as a double-page spread, with key facts accompanied by clear diagrams that encapsulate essential knowledge. This ‘one-stop’ resource has been revised and updated for this 5thedition to include recent advances in our understanding and/or treatment of asthma, COPD, pulmonary vasculitis, sarcoidosis, cystic fibrosis, respiratory infections (including COVID-19), and the most recent national clinical management guidelines.

The accompanying website includes self-assessment case studies, flashcards and MCQs to support learning or for review.

Respiratory System at a Glance also provides information on: - Structure and function of the respiratory system, the thoracic cage and respiratory muscles, gas laws, diffusion, and elastic forces - Acid-base balance and disorders, control of breathing through chemical and neural mechanisms, and pulmonary circulation and ventilation-perfusion matching - Exercise, altitude, and diving, complications of development and congenital disease, lung defense mechanisms, and immunology of the lungs - Public health and smoking, respiratory failure, and the pathophysiology and management of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other respiratory disorders

With accompanying self-assessment clinical cases and multiple-choice questions, The Respiratory System at a Glance is the ideal companion for anyone about to start a respiratory module or rotation, and will appeal to medical students and junior doctors, as well as nurses, dentists, physiotherapists, technicians, and biomedical scientists. All of our books are developed in collaboration with students. This means that our books are always published with you, the student, in mind.

This new edition is also available as an e-book.

Table of Contents

Preface to Fifth Edition vii

Units and Symbols viii

Abbreviations x

Glossary xiii

About the companion website xvi

Part 1 Structure and function 1

1 Structure of the respiratory system: lungs, airways and dead space 2

2 The thoracic cage and respiratory muscles 4

3 Pressures and volumes during normal breathing 6

4 Gas laws 8

5 Diffusion 10

6 Lung mechanics: elastic forces 12

7 Lung mechanics: airway resistance 14

8 Carriage of oxygen 16

9 Carriage of carbon dioxide 18

10 Acid-base balance 20

11 Acid-base disorders 22

12 Control of breathing I: chemical mechanisms 24

13 Control of breathing II: neural mechanisms 26

14 Pulmonary circulation and anatomical right- to- left shunts 28

15 Ventilation-perfusion mismatching 30

16 Exercise, high altitude and diving 32

17 Development of the respiratory system and birth 34

18 Complications of development and congenital disease 36

19 Lung defence mechanisms 38

20 Immunology of the lung 40

Part 2 History, examination and investigation 43

21 History and examination 44

22 Pulmonary function tests 46

23 Chest imaging and bronchoscopy 48

Part 3 Diseases and treatment 51

24 Public health and smoking 52

25 Respiratory failure 54

26 Asthma: pathophysiology 56

27 Asthma: treatment 58

28 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 60

29 Pulmonary hypertension 62

30 Venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism 64

31 Pulmonary vasculitis 66

32 Interstitial (diffuse parenchymal) lung disease 68

33 Sarcoidosis 70

34 Pleural diseases 72

35 Occupational and environment- related lung disease 74

36 Cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis 76

37 Pneumothorax 78

38 Community- acquired pneumonia 80

39 Hospital- acquired (nosocomial) pneumonia 82

40 Pulmonary tuberculosis 84

41 The immune- compromised patient 86

42 Lung cancer 88

43 Acute respiratory distress syndrome 90

44 Mechanical ventilation 92

45 Oxygenation and oxygen therapy 94

46 Sleep disordered breathing 96

47 Coronavirus disease 2019 98

Index 100


Jeremy P. T. Ward King's College, London. Jane Ward Guy's, King's & St Thomas' School of Medicine. Richard M. Leach St Thomas' Hospital.