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Passenger Car Radar Industry, 2022-2023

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  • 440 Pages
  • October 2023
  • Region: Global
  • Research In China
  • ID: 5898972

Passenger Car Radar Industry Research in 2023:

  • in 2023, over 20 million radars were installed, a year-on-year jump of 35%;
  • Driven by multiple factors such as driving-parking integration, NOA and L3, 5R solutions will become the mainstream configuration in the market in 2026.
  • Influenced by the rising sales of China’s local suppliers, intelligent involution and other factors, localization is a megatrend.
  • 4D radars have landed on vehicles on a small scale and are expected to be mass-produced and installed on a large scale during 2025-2026.
  • At present, 4D radars mainly involve cascade solutions; single-chip solutions will become the focus of the future layout and be implemented in 5-8 years.
  • Analysis on BOM of Jingwei Hirain’s MRR510 front radar.

1. In 2023, over 20 million radars were installed, a year-on-year jump of 35%; it is estimated that more than 5 million 4D radars will be installed in 2026

According to the publisher, 20.021 million radars will be installed in new passenger cars in China in 2023, up 21.6% year on year; in 2026, the number will hit 39.618 million.

From January to June 2023, the overall installations of 4D radars in new passenger cars in China exceeded 114,000 units, accounting for 1.3% of the total radar installations. In terms of the replacement order, 4D radars will first replace front radars, that is, priority will be given to meeting the driving needs in intelligent driving, and second replace corner radars to better meet high-level safety function requirements. It is expected that the installations of 4D radars will reach 5.594 million units in 2026, making up 14.1% of the total radar installations.

The main factors driving up radar installations include:

  • Consumer side: OEMs focus on deploying NOA functions, of which 5R becomes standard
  • NOA, a hotspot in the layout of major OEMs, includes highway NOA, urban NOA and commute NOA, among which 5R NOA solutions prevail in the market.
  • Highway NOA (L2.5): At the end of 2020, some Chinese automakers began to apply NOA to highway scenarios, and highway NOA thus became a layout highlight. In 2022, highway NOA intensively boarded vehicles.
  • Urban NOA (L2.9): In the second half of 2022, Xpeng, AITO and other OEMs took a lead on planning urban scenarios, extending NOA from highways to urban areas. In 2023, most leaders engaged in intelligent driving released their urban - NOA plans, so 2023 marked the first year of urban NOA.
  • Commute NOA: it is the combination of urban NOA + route memory, and the selling point is to make it convenient to commute. It is likely to become another new arena following urban NOA. At present, companies that have launched such a solution include Li Auto and Xpeng.
  • Supply side: Tier1 suppliers at home and abroad have introduced a large number of driving-parking integrated solutions and a variety of L3 solutions, which take 5R as the mainstream configuration.

For the driving-parking integrated solutions launched by many international and Chinese Tier 1 suppliers such as Aptiv, ZF, Freetech and iMotion, 5R has become the standard configuration of most mid-to-high-end solutions. According to the statistics of the publisher, from January to May 2023, 490,000 sets of driving-parking integrated solutions were installed in production models, a like-on-like spurt of 138%; the installation rate hit 6.7%, up about 3.8 percentage points from the prior-year period. By 2025, the installations will reach 6.19 million sets, and the installation rate will climb to 30%.

As L3-related laws and regulations mature, the implementation of L3 has been put on the agenda, and will become another driving force for 5R solutions. For L3 solutions launched by Tier 1 suppliers, such as Bosch, Aptiv, Hong Jing Drive and MAXIEYE, 5R has also been a standard configuration.

The implementation of NOA and driving-parking integration as well as future L3 solutions will directly boost the installations of 5R solutions. According to the data from the publisher, it is estimated that the proportion of 5R solutions will be 8.15% in 2023, 5.49 percentage points higher than that in 2021; the proportion of 5R solutions will reach up to 39.6% in 2026.

2. 4D radars are mainly cascade solutions, and single-chip solutions are expected to be implemented within 5-8 years.

Radar chips have passed through four development phases: radio frequency front end + processor; single SOC + digital analog; small-scale separation of SoC to the large-scale; a single chip can meet the needs of OEMs for high-level intelligent driving, a phase when the functional applications and scenarios of intelligent driving have basically been solidified, and the demand from OEMs has also stabilized.

4D radar technology routes can be roughly divided into multi-chip cascade, single-chip integration, virtual aperture imaging, and metamaterials. Currently, the 4D radars that have been or will be installed in passenger cars are mainly multi-chip cascade, especially two-chip and four-chip cascade. Mature single-chip solutions will have cost performance/cost advantages, and are expected to become the focus of the future layout and be implemented in 5-8 years.

Models such as BMW IX, Li L7, and Rising Auto R7 have been confirmed to be equipped with 4D radars. Among them, Rising Auto R7 adopts ZF's FRGen21 front radar, 4-chip cascade 12T16R from TI and Xilinx, and Hella’s 4D corner radar; Li L7 Pro uses WHST's STA77-6 front radar, and 2-chip cascade 6T8R from TI.

At present, the main suppliers of single-chip solutions are TI, Arbe, and Uhnder.

TI released AWR2944, its second-generation radar single chip, in January 2022. Compared with the previous AWR1843, AWR2944 adopts a 4T4R solution, which has one more transmitting channel than AWR1843 and can improve angle estimation. The MCU is upgraded from R4F to R5F with dual-core lock step, and the DSP is upgraded from C67x to C66x. HWA (radar algorithm accelerator) iterates from version 1.0 to 2.0, supporting radix-2 and radix-3 FFT, CFAR-OS and data compression. At present, the 4D radars based on this chip include WHST’s STA77-5S forward radar and Fusionride’s Columbus forward radar series.

3.Influenced by the rising sales of China’s local suppliers, intelligent involution and other factors, localization is a megatrend.

In the infancy of intelligent driving, conventional OEMs give priority to safety, quality and intelligent driving system integration when selecting suppliers, so they will prefer mature brands represented by foreign Tier 1 suppliers like Continental and Bosch which are versed in the automotive field to ensure that their software and hardware meet automotive standards. Foreign suppliers enjoy first-mover advantages and industry influence, so they sweep 90% of the Chinese radar market.

In 2022 and H1 2023, in the Chinese radar market, foreign suppliers took a more than 95% share, among which Bosch, the largest front radar supplier, made up 50.6% of the market in H1 2023, and Hella, the largest corner radar supplier, occupied 49.8% in H1 2023.

For Chinese radar suppliers, the key to catching up with and overtaking foreign counterparts lies in technical expertise, qualifications, and mass production experience, so radar suppliers with great technical strength and certain mass production experience gain greater first-mover advantages.

For example, Nova Electronics began to develop radars in 2014 and launched its first corner radar in 2018. So far, its products have covered front radars (including 4D radars), corner radars and cockpit radars. At present, the main products include NOVA 77GF-B Plus front radar (mass-produced in Q1 2022), NOVA 77GB-C corner radar (mass-produced in Q2 2021), NOVA 77GB-C Pro corner radar (mass-produced in February 2022), NOVA 77GB-T corner radar (mass-produced in 2022) and 4D imaging radar (launched in 2023 and designated by three OEMs).

WHST, established in 2015, supplied corner radars in small quantities in 2016. In 2018, the STA24-1 corner radar landed in two models, including Leopaard Mattu. Now, its products embrace front radars (including 4D radars), corner radars, cockpit radars, side radars and tailgate radars. The main products include STA 77-5 forward radar (mass-produced in 2021), STA 77-6 4D front radar (mounted on Li L7 Pro and Deepal SL03 in 2023), and STA 77-8 4D front radar (the company built cooperation with first-tier OEMs in China on custom development based on this product in 2022).

Chuhang Tech, founded in 2018, launched its first corner radar - ARC1 in December 2019. At present, its products cover front radars (including 4D radars), corner radars, cockpit radars, and stealth radars (innovative products). The main products include ARF front radar (installed by Neta, Leapmotor and JAC in 2022), ARC corner radar (available in Haima and Leapmotor in 2022), 4D front radar with 6 transmitters and 8 receivers (used by Windrose Technology and an independent new energy vehicle company in 2023), and 4D front radar with 12 transmitters and 16 receivers.

In the future, as technology matures, intelligent driving solutions will head in the direction of lower cost, higher efficiency, supporting services, application and localized delivery. By then, the advantages of domestic radar suppliers will be highlighted. For example, local suppliers such as Huawei and Baidu carry out more flexible market strategies than foreign Tier 1 suppliers. For example, compared with ADS 1.0, Huawei's ADS 2.0 cuts down hardware while improving intelligent driving functions, achieving cost reduction and efficiency improvement. ADS 2.0 has been installed in Avatr 11, AITO M5 and other models, among which the sales of AITO M5 totaled 69,000 units from 2022 to June 2023, with 207,000 radars installed. Yihang.AI's driving-parking integrated and all-scenario solutions also have a big cost reduction, with cost slashed by about 50% compared with other NOA solutions on the market.

4. Analysis on BOM of Jingwei Hirain’s MRR510 front radar

MRR510 is a 77GHz front radar released by Jingwei Hirain in 2022, with the ranging of 0.5-190m, the ranging accuracy of ±0.1m, the HFOV of 90°, the VFOV of 18°, and the side angle accuracy of ±0.5°, and the speed measuring accuracy of ±0.05 m/s. It has been available to SAIC, JAC, Jiangling Ford and other brands. The chip solution has 3 transmitters and 4 receivers, and the upstream suppliers include Infineon, TI and NXP. Referring to the market price, the BOM cost of the known parts of MRR510 is approximately USD35.827.

This product will be delivered within 3-5 business days.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction to Automotive Radar
1.1 Overview of Automotive Radar
1.1.1 Technologies
1.1.2 Composition
1.1.3 Overview of Radar Environmental Perception Algorithm
1.1.4 Classification
1.1.5 Frequencies
1.1.6 Main Automotive Radar Frequency Spectrum Technology Routes of Major Countries
1.1.7 Development History of Automotive Radar Technology
2 Automotive Radar Market and Trend
2.1 Status Quo
2.1.1 Status Quo - Overall Situation
2.1.2 Status Quo - Forward Radar
2.1.3 Status Quo - Corner Radar
2.1.4 Overview by Price Range
2.1.5 By Price Range - RMB100-150K
2.1.6 By Price Range - RMB150-200K
2.1.7 By Price Range - RMB200-250K
2.1.8 By Price Range - RMB250-300K
2.1.9 By Price Range - RMB300-350K
2.1.10 By Price Range - RMB350-400K
2.1.11 By Price Range - RMB400-500K
2.1.12 By Price Range - Over RMB500K
2.2 Development Trends of Automotive Radar
2.2.1 Product Trend 1
2.2.2 Product Trend 2
2.2.3 Product Trend 3
2.2.4 Product Trend 4
2.2.5 Product Trend 5
2.2.6 Product Trend 6
2.2.7 Product Trend 7
3 Summaries of Major Automotive Radar Companies and Products
3.1 Summary of Major Companies
3.2 Summary of Products
4 Foreign Passenger Car Radar Companies
4.1 Aptiv
4.1.1 Profile
4.1.2 Revenue
4.1.3 Competitors/Major Clients
4.1.4 Product Classification
4.1.5 Autonomous Driving Product Layout
4.1.6 Forward Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.1.7 Corner Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.1.8 Radar-based Solutions - Driving & Parking Integration
4.1.9 Radar-based Solutions - Autonomous Driving
4.1.10 Autonomous Driving Layout
4.1.11 Product/Market Planning
4.1.12 Summary
4.2 Bosch
4.2.1 Profile
4.2.2 Revenue
4.2.3 Product Classification
4.2.4 Autonomous Driving Product Layout
4.2.5 Forward Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.2.6 Corner Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.2.7 Radar-based Solutions - Autonomous Driving
4.2.8 Radar-based Solutions - Automated Parking
4.2.9 Recent Development Layout/Planning
4.2.10 Autonomous Driving Partners
4.2.11 Summary
4.3 Continental
4.3.1 Profile
4.3.2 Revenue
4.3.3 Product Classification
4.3.4 Autonomous Driving Product Layout
4.3.5 Forward Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.3.6 Corner Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.3.7 Radar-based Solutions - Autonomous Driving
4.3.8 Radar-based Solutions - Automated Parking
4.3.9 Autonomous Driving Roadmap
4.3.10 Autonomous Driving Planning
4.3.11 Autonomous Driving Related Technologies
4.3.12 Summary
4.4 Denso
4.4.1 Profile
4.4.2 Revenue
4.4.3 Product Classification
4.4.4 Autonomous Driving Product Layout
4.4.5 Forward Radar
4.4.6 ADAS Solution
4.4.7 Radar-based Solutions - Autonomous Driving
4.4.8 Autonomous Driving Roadmap
4.4.9 Autonomous Driving Capabilities and R&D Layout
4.4.10 Summary
4.5 Hyundai Mobis
4.5.1 Profile
4.5.2 Revenue
4.5.3 Product Classification
4.5.4 Autonomous Driving Product Layout
4.5.5 Forward Radar
4.5.6 Corner Radar
4.5.7 Autonomous Driving & Automated Parking
4.5.8 Automated Parking Solution
4.5.9 Autonomous Driving Development Planning
4.5.10 Summary
4.6 Magna
4.6.1 Profile
4.6.2 Revenue
4.6.3 Product Classification
4.6.4 4D 360° Radar
4.6.5 Autonomous Driving Solution
4.6.6 Autonomous Driving& Intelligent Connection Planning
4.6.7 Acquisition of Veoneer's Active Safety Business
4.6.8 Original Products of Veoneer - Autonomous Driving Product Layout
4.6.9 Original Products of Veoneer - Autonomous Driving Products
4.6.10 Original Products of Veoneer - Radar Product Roadmap
4.6.11 Original Products of Veoneer -77GHz Radar Products
4.6.12 Original Products of Veoneer - Radar
4.6.13 Original Products of Veoneer -Autonomous Driving Solution
4.6.14 Summary
4.7 Valeo
4.7.1 Profile
4.7.2 Revenue
4.7.3 Automotive Products Layout
4.7.4 Autonomous Driving Product Layout
4.7.5 Forward Radar
4.7.6 Radar-based Solutions - Automated Parking
4.7.7 Radar-based Solutions - Autonomous Driving
4.7.8 Move Predict.ai
4.7.9 360° AEB
4.7.10 Autonomous Driving Products and Partners
4.7.11 R&D Bases in China
4.7.12 Summary
4.8 ZF
4.8.1 Profile
4.8.2 Business Architecture Change
4.8.3 Revenue
4.8.4 Product Classification
4.8.5 Autonomous Driving Product Layout
4.8.6 Forward Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.8.7 Autonomous Driving and Automated Parking Solutions
4.8.8 Automated Parking Solutions
4.8.9 Development Trend and Layout
4.8.10 Summary
4.9 Hella
4.9.1 Profile
4.9.2 Revenue
4.9.3 Product Classification
4.9.4 Corner Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.9.5 360° Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.9.6 Development Course of Radar Products
4.9.7Development Layout
4.9.8 Radar Partners and Major Clients
4.10 Smartmicro
4.10.1 Profile & Product Classification & Partners
4.10.2 Forward Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.10.3 Corner Radar Introduction and Teardown
4.10.4 Summary
4.11 Panasonic Automotive
4.11.1 Profile
4.11.2 Automotive Radar Products - Corner Radar
4.11.3 Summary
4.12 Lunewave
4.12.1 Profile
4.12.2 Forward Radar
4.12.3 Lunewave Solution
4.12.4 Cooperation with NVIDIA
5 Chinese Passenger Car Radar Companies
5.1 Sensortech
5.1.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.1.2 Forward Radar Introduction and Teardown
5.1.3 Corner Radar
5.1.4 Cockpit Radar
5.1.5 Side Radar Introduction and Teardown
5.1.6 Tailgate Radar Introduction and Teardown
5.1.7 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.1.8 Autonomous Driving Solution
5.1.9 Development History
5.1.10 Development Layout
5.2 Autoroad
5.2.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.2.2 Forward Radar
5.2.3 Corner Radar
5.2.4 Side Radar
5.2.5 Summary of Radar Products
5.2.6 Development History
5.2.7 Development Layout
5.2.8 Automotive Radar Products Planning & Technical Solutions
5.3 Eradar
5.3.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.3.2 Forward Radar
5.3.3 Corner Radar
5.3.4 Cockpit Radar
5.3.5 Summary of Radar Products
5.3.6 Development History
5.3.7 Development Layout
5.4 Muniu Tech
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Product Classification
5.4.3 Forward Radar Introduction and Teardown
5.4.4 Corner Radar Introduction and Teardown
5.4.5 5R Solution
5.4.6 Summary of Radar Products
5.4.7 Development History and Market Layout
5.5 Nanoradar Science &Technology
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 Product Classification
5.5.3 Forward Radar
5.5.4 Corner Radar
5.5.5 Summary of Radar Products
5.5.6 Development History
5.6 Chuhang Tech
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Product Classification
5.6.3 Forward Radar
5.6.4 Corner Radar
5.6.5 Cockpit Radar
5.6.6 Stealth Radar ART
5.6.7 Summary of Radar Products
5.6.8 Development History and Market Layout
5.6.9 Products and Technology Route
5.6.10 R&D and Production Layout
5.7 ChengTech Technology
5.7.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.7.2 Forward Radar
5.7.3 Cockpit Radar
5.7.4 Summary of Radar Products
5.7.5 Radar-based Solutions
5.7.6 Development History and Market Layout
5.7.7 Product Implementation
5.8 Hawkeye Technology
5.8.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.8.2 Forward Radar
5.8.3 Corner Radar
5.8.4 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.8.5 Development History
5.9.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.9.2 Forward Radar
5.9.3 Corner Radar
5.9.4 Cockpit Radar
5.9.5 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.9.6 Development History
5.9.7 Development Layout
5.10 Linpowave
5.10.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.10.2 Forward Radar
5.10.3 Corner Radar
5.10.4 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.10.5 Development History
5.10.6 Major Clients & Partners
5.11 Microbrain Intelligent
5.11.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.11.2 Forward Radar
5.11.3 Corner Radar
5.11.4 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.11.5 Development History
5.12 Huayu Automotive Systems
5.12.1 Profile & Product Classification
5.12.2 Revenue
5.12.3 Classification of Automotive Radar Products
5.12.4 Automotive Radar Products
5.12.5 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.12.6 Radar-based Solutions
5.12.7 Development History of Automotive Radar Products
5.12.8 Major Clients
5.13 Nova Electronics
5.13.1 Profile
5.13.2 Product Classification & Major Clients/Partners
5.13.3 Forward Radar & Corner Radar Product Roadmap
5.13.4 Automotive Radar Products -
5.13.5 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.13.6 Features of Automotive Radar Products
5.13.7 Solutions
5.13.8 Market Strategy & Development Plan
5.14 Shanghai Baolong Automotive Corporation
5.14.1 Profile
5.14.2 Revenue
5.14.3 Product Classification
5.14.4 Forward Radar
5.14.5 Corner Radar
5.14.6 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.14.7 Autonomous Driving Solution
5.14.8 ADAS Products Layout
5.15 Anzhi Auto
5.15.1 Profile
5.15.2 Product Classification
5.15.3 Fusion of Forward Radar & Sensor
5.16 Fusionride
5.16.1 Profile&Product Classification
5.16.2 Forward Radar
5.16.3 Corner Radar
5.16.4 Integration Perception Solution
5.16.5 Summary of Automotive Radar Products
5.16.6 Development History
5.16.7 Development Layout
5.17 Geometrical-PAL
5.17.1 Profile&Product Classification
5.17.2 Radar Products/Solution
5.17.3 Development History and Market Layout
5.18 Zongmu Technology
5.18.1 Profile
5.18.2 Hardware Products Layout
5.18.3 Radar Products Layout
5.18.4 Radar Products
5.18.5 Solutions
5.18.6 Product Portfolio
5.18.7 Drop’nGo? Parking Technology Platform
5.18.8 Driving-Parking Integration Solution
5.18.9 Cockpit-Driving-Parking Integration Solution
5.18.10 Industry Chain Cooperation Layout
5.19 Hirain Technologies
5.19.1 Profile
5.19.2 Major Sensors
5.19.3 Autonomous Driving Product Layout
5.19.4 Radar Products Layout
5.19.5 Forward Radar Introduction and Teardown
5.19.6 Corner Radar Introduction and Teardown
5.19.7 Intelligent Driving Layout
5.19.8 Partners
5.19.9 Intelligent Driving Software & Algorithm
5.19.10 Driving-Parking Integration Solution
5.20 Desay SV
5.20.1 Profile
5.20.2 Intelligent Driving Layout
5.20.3 Intelligent Driving Business Model
5.20.4 Intelligent Driving Sensors
5.20.5 Intelligent Driving Solutions
5.20.6 Major Clients
5.21 Huawei
5.21.1 Profile
5.21.2 Intelligent Vehicle Solution BU
5.21.3 Radar
5.21.4 HI Full-Stack Intelligent Driving Solution
5.21.5 ADS Intelligent Driving Solution
5.21.6 Intelligent Driving Partners
5.22 Freetech
5.22.1 Profile
5.22.2 Sensor Layout
5.22.3 Radar Products Planning
5.22.4 Advanced-level Intelligent Driving Algorithm Structure
5.22.5 Advanced-level Intelligent Driving Solution Roadmap
5.22.6 ADAS Solution
5.22.7 Driving-Parking Integration Solution
5.22.8 Intelligent Driving Partners
6 4D Radar Companies
6.1 Overview of 4D Radar
6.1.1 Overview
6.1.2 Technology Routes
6.2 Summary of Major 4D Radar Products
6.2.1 Summary of Major 4D Radar Products -Cascade Solution
6.2.2 Summary of Major 4D Radar Products -Single Chip Integration Solution
6.2.3 Summary of Major 4D Radar Products -Virtual Aperture Imaging
6.3 Summary of Major 4D Radar Startups and Their Products
6.3.1 Arbe Robotics
6.3.2 Oculii
6.3.3 Smart Radar
6.3.4 Metawave
6.3.5 Echodyne
6.3.6 Zendar
6.3.7 Cognitive Pilot
6.3.8 RadSee

Companies Mentioned

  • Aptiv
  • Bosch
  • Continental
  • Denso
  • Hyundai Mobis
  • Magna
  • Valeo
  • ZF
  • Hella
  • Smartmicro
  • Panasonic Automotive
  • Lunewave
  • Sensortech
  • Autoroad
  • Eradar
  • Muniu Tech
  • Nanoradar Science &Technology
  • Chuhang Tech
  • ChengTech Technology
  • Hawkeye Technology
  • Linpowave
  • Microbrain Intelligent
  • Huayu Automotive Systems
  • Nova Electronics
  • Shanghai Baolong Automotive Corporation
  • Anzhi Auto
  • Fusionride
  • Geometrical-PAL
  • Zongmu Technology
  • Hirain Technologies
  • Desay SV
  • Huawei
  • Freetech
  • Arbe Robotics
  • Oculii
  • Smart Radar
  • Metawave
  • Echodyne
  • Zendar
  • Cognitive Pilot
  • RadSee