Catalysis for Sustainable Energy Production

  • ID: 835366
  • Book
  • 474 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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With the depletion of the world′s natural resources, the field of chemistry is moving towards other methods for the generation of sustainable energy. This book examines the various catalytic approaches to energy generation, covering everything from fuel cells to hydrogen storage and provides in–depth information on the principles behind an approach and the variations of them.

The authority behind this reference book is the IDECAT Networks of Excellence and it is clearly divided into four parts covering fuel cells, hydrogen and methane storage, hydrogen and hydrogen vectors production and industrial catalysis for sustainable energy.

Theoretical and practical chemistry is combined incorporating industrial, governmental and academic points of view.

An invaluable information source for a variety of chemists, engineers and libraries and anyone with an interest in the use of catalysis for energy production.

The world–renowned industrial chemist Professor Gabriele Centi provides the foreword to this lovely edition to any bookshelf.

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PART I: Fuel Cuells

THE DIRECT ETHANOL FUEL CELL: A CHALLENGE TO CONVERT BIOETHANOL CLEANLY INTO ELECTRIC ENERGY

Introduction

Principles and Different Kinds of Fuel Cells

Low–Temperature Fuel Cells (PEMFCs and DAFCs)

Solid Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells (SAMFC)

PERFORMANCE OF DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELLS FOR PORTABLE POWER APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Experimental

Results and Discussion

SELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOFIBERS AS BETTER CATALYST SUPPORTS FOR LOW–TEMPERATURE FUEL CELLS

Introduction

Preparation and Characterization of CNFs and Fuel Cell Catalysts

Results

TOWARDS FULL ELECTRIC MOBILITY: ENERGY AND POWER SYSTEMS

Introduction

The Current Grand Challenges

Power–Energy Needed in Vehicles

A Great New Opportunity for True Zero Emissions

Advanced Systems Integration

PART II: Hydrogen Storage

MATERIALS FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE

The Primitive Phase Diagram of Hydrogen

Hydrogen Storage Methods

Pressurized Hydrogen

Liquid Hydrogen

Physisorption

Metal Hydrides

Complex Hydrides

Chemical Hydrides (Hydrolysis)

New Hydrogen Storage Materials

PART III: Three H2 and Hydrogen Vectors Production

CATALYST DESIGN FOR REFORMING OF OXYGENATES

Introduction

Catalyst Design

Reforming Reactions: Process Principles

Key Examples of Oxygenate Reforming Reactions

ELECTROCATALYSIS IN WATER ELECTROLYSIS

Introduction

Thermodynamic Considerations

Kinetic Considerations

The Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

The Oxygen Evolution Reaction

Electrocatalysts: State–of–the–Art

Water Electrolysis: State–of–the–Art

Beyond Oxygen Evolution

ENERGY FROM ORGANIC WASTE: INFLUENCE OF THE PROCESS PARAMETERS ON THE PRODUCTION OF METHANE AND HYDROGEN

Introduction

Experimental

Results and Discussion

NATURAL GAS AUTOTHERMAL REFORMING: AN EFFECTIVE OPTION FOR A SUSTAINABLE DISTRIBUTED PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN

Introduction

Autothermal Reforming: From Chemistry to Engineering

Thermodynamic Analysis

A Case Study

Economic Aspects

PART IV: Industrial Catalysis for Sustainable Energy

THE USE OF CATALYSIS IN THE PRODUCTION OF HIGH–QUALITY BIODIESEL

Introduction

Heterogeneous Transesterification and Esterification Catalysts

Selective Hydrogenation in Biodiesel Production

PHOTOVOLTAICS –

CURRENT TRENDS AND VISION FOR THE FUTURE

Introduction

Market: Present Situation and Challenges Ahead

Crystalline Silicon Technology

Thin Films

Other Technology–Related Aspects

Advanced and Emerging Technologies

System Aspects

CATALYTIC COMBUSTION FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY

Introduction

Lean Catalytic Combustion for Gas Turbines

Fuel–Rich Catalytic Combustion

Oxy–Fuel Combustion

Microcombustors

Catalytic Materials

CATALYTIC REMOVAL OF NOx UNDER LEAN CONDITIONS FROM STATIONARY AND MOBILE SOURCES

Introduction

Selective Catalytic Reduction

NOx Storage Reduction

Open Issues and Future Opportunities

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Pierluigi Barbaro
Claudio Bianchini
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