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The Global Commercial Building Automation Market

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  • March 2019
  • Region: Global
  • Berg Insight AB
  • ID: 4760606

The Installed Base of Connected Building Automation Devices will reach 483 million units Worldwide in 2022

How should the mobile industry address the vast business opportunity in connected smart buildings? The researcher estimates that revenues from shipments of building automation systems worldwide will grow at a compound annual growth rate of 21.4 percent from US$ 1.2 billion in 2018 to US$ 2.7 billion in 2022. Get a 360 degree perspective on the rapid evolution of the global building automation market in this comprehensive 290 page strategy report.

The Global Commercial Building Automation Market is the first report analysing the latest developments on the smart buildings market.

This report in the M2M Research Series provides you with 290 pages of unique business intelligence including 5-year industry forecasts and expert commentary on which to base your business decisions.

Highlights from this report:

  • Insights from 30 executive interviews with market leading companies.
  • 360-degree overview of the smart building & building automation ecosystem.
  • Summary of industry trends in key vertical market segments.
  • Statistical data on adoption of building automation systems worldwide by region.
  • New market forecasts lasting until 2022.
  • Detailed reviews of the latest initiatives launched by industry players.
  • Updated profiles of the key vendors in this market.

This report answers the following questions:

  • Which are the main verticals within smart buildings and building automation?
  • What are the main drivers behind growth in this market?
  • What are the challenges and roadblocks towards widespread adoption?
  • What are the business models and channels-to-market for smart building solutions?
  • Which are the leading building management system (BMS)vendors?
  • How are product OEMs and BMS vendors positioning themselves?
  • What connectivity technologies are smart building system vendors betting on?
  • What is the potential market size for cellular IoT in building automation?
  • How will the smart building market evolve in the next five years?

According to this new research report, the installed base of sensors, actuators, modules, gateways and other connected devices deployed as part of IoT-based building automation in smart and connected commercial buildings was an estimated 151 million units worldwide at the end of 2018. Growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 33 percent, the installed base will reach 483 million units in 2022. About 4.5 million of these devices were connected via cellular networks in 2018.

The number of cellular connections in the building automation market will grow at a CAGR of 44 percent to reach 19.4 million in 2022. In terms of revenues, the researcher estimates that connected devices into the global BIoT market generated revenues of more than US$ 1.2 billion in 2018. This figure will grow at a CAGR of 21 percent to almost US$ 2.7 billion in 2022. This study analyses the market for building automation in smart buildings along multiple verticals ranging from well-known ones such as heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), indoor lighting, fire & safety, access & security, to lesser known ones such as electric vehicle charging, irrigation systems and pool monitoring.

The most successful building automation solutions to date, in terms of sold units, include access and security, fire and safety, HVAC systems and elevators and escalators management. These solutions are marketed by product OEMs such as Assa Abloy, Avigilon, AMAG Technology, HID Global, Comark, Tyco, Albireo Energy, Cimetrics, Delta Controls, ENGIE Insight, Silvair, KONE, Otis, Schindler and ThyssenKrupp. The automatic control may be done through a centralized system such as a Building Management System (BMS). Examples of BMS solution providers include ABB, Honeywell, Johnson Controls, Schneider Electric, Siemens and United Technologies. Building automation has been around for many decades but there is a new urgency due to factors such as energy conservation as well as mandates for green construction. The latest smart building solutions leverage new technologies such as IoT, big data, cloud computing, data analytics, deep learning and artificial intelligence for the benefits of saving energy, reducing operational expenditures, increasing occupancy comfort, and meeting increasingly stringent global regulations and sustainability standards.

“A major change is starting to happen now especially in new construction, where the primary driver is changing from cost reduction to features that enhance the user experience and change how users and buildings interact. Instead of there being a single killer-app, we are starting to see a combination of use-cases”, said Alan Varghese, Senior IoT Analyst. These use-cases leverage the Internet of Things, sensors and connectivity to enable customization of spaces in offices and conference rooms based on occupancy levels and occupant preferences, efficient mobility throughout the building, and they help occupants with location and wayfinding – all controllable by mobile platforms. Most important, they are capable of predictive awareness of individual needs.

Who Should buy this Report?

The Global Commercial Building Automation Market is the foremost source of information about the emerging market for connected and smart buildings. Whether you are a product vendor, service provider, telecom operator, investor, consultant, application developer or government agency, you will gain valuable insights from our in-depth research.

About the Author

Alan Varghese has more than 25 years of experience in the wireless, semiconductor and broadband industries and serves as a strategic advisor to companies in these segments. He holds a Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York. Alan is an experienced analyst and author of numerous reports and articles about various telecom topics for leading analyst firms.

Table of Contents

Executive summary
1  Introduction to smart buildings
1.1  Introduction
1.1.1  Global population growth and urbanisation
1.1.2  Sustainable development and building strategies
1.1.3  Energy demands
1.1.4  Definitions and brief history of commercial building automation
1.1.5  Market penetration of building automation
1.1.6  From building automation to smart buildings
1.1.7  Smart buildings are an integral part of smart cities
1.2  Market drivers
1.2.1  Energy consumption of commercial buildings
1.2.2  Optimising energy consumption in commercial buildings
1.2.3  The next frontier – zero energy buildings
1.2.4  Operational efficiency
1.2.5  Occupancy comfort and productivity
1.2.6  Space optimisation
1.2.7  Regulations and standards
1.2.8  Grants, loans, rebates and deductions
1.3  Technology drivers
1.3.1  IoT and Building IoT
1.3.2  Big data and data analytics
1.3.3  Cloud and edge computing
1.3.4  Deep learning and artificial intelligence
1.3.5  Wireless connectivity
1.4  Market barriers
1.4.1 Lack of clarity on return on investment
1.4.2  Competitive markets versus oligopolies
1.4.3  Proprietary solutions and lack of interoperability
1.4.4  Security and privacy concerns
1.5  Startup activity
1.6  Partnerships
1.7  Regional versus global efforts
1.8  Types of commercial building automation
1.8.1  HVAC systems
1.8.2  Lighting and window control systems
1.8.3  Occupancy comfort and productivity systems
1.8.4  Fire and safety
1.8.5  Access and security
1.8.6  Water management
1.8.7  Refrigeration
1.8.8  Elevator and escalator management
1.8.9  Pool and spa management
1.8.10  Irrigation systems
1.8.11  Electric vehicle charging
1.8.12  Audio, video and entertainment
1.8.13  Renewable energy sources
1.8.14  Building management systems
1.9  Automation market segments
1.9.1  Government buildings
1.9.2  Healthcare buildings and hospitals
1.9.3  Hospitality buildings and hotels
1.9.4  Office buildings
1.9.5  Production buildings and factories
1.9.6  Retail outlets
1.9.7  New buildings versus existing buildings
1.10  Commercial building stock by region

2  Networks and communications technologies
2.1  Overview
2.1.1  Integration in building automation
2.1.2  Approaches to establishing interoperability
2.1.3  Network protocols and topologies
2.1.4  Technology choices of product OEMs
2.1.5  Combine IT networks and building automation networks or keep them apart? . 69
2.2  Smart building protocols
2.2.1  BACnet
2.2.2  DALI
2.2.3  INSTEON
2.2.4  KNX
2.2.5  LonWorks
2.2.6  M-Bus
2.2.7  Modbus
2.2.8  OpenTherm
2.2.9  SNMP
2.3  Smart building physical layer technologies
2.3.1  ANT
2.3.2  Bluetooth
2.3.3  DECT ULE
2.3.4  EnOcean
2.3.5  Li-Fi
2.3.6  LPWAN
2.3.7  Power over Ethernet
2.3.8  Thread
2.3.9  Wi-Fi
2.3.10  ZigBee
2.3.11  Z-Wave
2.4  Wireless versus wired communications
2.5  Getting meaning out of data: Project Haystack
2.6  Software and middleware
2.7  Building automation platforms
2.7.1 Sensors
2.7.2  Actuators
2.7.3  Gateways
2.7.4  Processors
2.7.5  Dashboards and user interfaces
2.8  Automatic calibration and automated diagnostics
2.9  Remote network monitoring and trouble-shooting
2.10  Industry bodies, certifications and standards
2.10.1  ASHRAE
2.10.2  BRE and BREEAM
2.10.3  CSTB
2.10.4  DGNB
2.10.5  Energy Star
2.10.6  GABC
2.10.7  GBCA and Green Star
2.10.8  GBI
2.10.9  GRESB
2.10.10  GRIHA
2.10.11  HQE
2.10.12  IAPMO
2.10.13  ICC
2.10.14  NABERS
2.10.15  USGBC and LEED
2.10.16  WorldGBC
2.11  Industry consortiums
2.11.1  BOMA
2.11.2  BPIE
2.11.3  CABA
2.11.4  EU.BAC
2.11.5  GBPN
2.11.6  SBA
2.12  Indoor environment quality standards
2.13  Water efficiency standards
2.14  Sustainable sites standards

3  Technology providers and OEMs
3.1  Market overview
3.2  HVAC systems
3.2.1  Albireo Energy
3.2.2  Asset Mapping
3.2.3  Autani
3.2.4  Cimetrics
3.2.5  Delta Controls
3.2.6  Distech Controls
3.2.7  ENGIE Insight
3.2.8  J2 Innovations
3.2.9  KGS Buildings
3.2.10  Levaux
3.2.11  Lynxspring
3.2.12  National Renewable Energy Laboratory
3.2.13  Silvair
3.2.14  SkyFoundry
3.2.15  Verdigris Technologies
3.3  Lighting and window control
3.3.1  Digital Lumens
3.3.2  Echelon (Adesto Technologies)
3.3.3  Enlighted
3.3.4  Lutron
3.3.5  Signify
3.4  Occupancy comfort and productivity systems
3.4.1  Automated Logic
3.4.2  BuildingIQ
3.4.3  Building Robotics
3.4.4  PointGrab
3.4.5  75F
3.5 Fire and safety
3.5.1  Comark
3.5.2  Renesas Electronics
3.5.3  Texas Instruments
3.5.4  Tyco
3.6  Access and security
3.6.1  AMAG Technology
3.6.2  Assa Abloy
3.6.3  Avigilon
3.6.4  HID Global
3.6.5  Nortek Security & Control
3.6.6  Zaplox
3.7  Water management
3.7.1  Apana
3.7.2  Intelligent Water Management
3.7.3  SenseWare
3.8  Refrigeration
3.8.1  Accruent
3.8.2  Amphenol Advanced Sensors
3.8.3  Daikin
3.8.4  Danfoss
3.8.5  Entouch Controls
3.9  Elevator and escalator management
3.9.1  KONE
3.9.2  MERak Telsis
3.9.3  Otis
3.9.4  Schindler
3.9.5  ThyssenKrupp
3.10  Pool and spa management
3.10.1  AstralPool
3.10.2  Hayward
3.11  Irrigation systems
3.11.1  BlueSpray
3.11.2  Rachio
3.12  Electric vehicle charging
3.12.1  Advantech
3.12.2  ChargePoint
3.12.3  Delta
3.13  Audio, video and entertainment
3.13.1  Alpiq InTec
3.13.2  Bosch
3.13.3  Crestron
3.13.4  Harman
3.13.5  Elan Systems

4  Service providers and building management system vendors
4.1  Market observations
4.1.1  Confluence of technology and regulations
4.1.2  Trying to find a scalable model for building automation
4.1.3  Building automation systems increasingly being targeted for cyberattacks
4.1.4  Occupant demand for high-tech in the building
4.1.5  Using the cloud to connect portfolio of buildings together
4.2  Go-to-market strategies
4.2.1  The BIoT ecosystem and business models
4.2.2  One-off project pricing
4.2.3  Maintenance agreements
4.2.4  Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
4.2.5  Return-on-Investment
4.3  Building management system vendors
4.3.1  ABB
4.3.2  Honeywell
4.3.3  Johnson Controls
4.3.4  Schneider Electric
4.3.5  Siemens
4.3.6  United Technologies (UTC)
4.3.7  Yanzi Networks
4.4  Building automation service providers
4.4.1  Cisco Digital Ceiling
4.4.2  GE Predix
4.4.3  Hitachi Lumada
4.4.4  IBM Watson
4.4.5  Legrand ELIOT
4.4.6  Switch Automation
4.5  Case studies
4.5.1  Daikin Technology and Innovation Center in Japan
4.5.2  Dell Children’s Medical Center in the US
4.5.3  Duke Energy Center in the US
4.5.4  The Edge in the Netherlands
4.5.5  Hyatt Regency in the US
4.5.6  Isquare in Hong Kong
4.5.7  The Living Building at Georgia Tech in the US
4.5.8  Los Angeles Convention Center in the US
4.5.9  MGM Resorts in the US
4.5.10  National Stadium in China
4.5.11  Providence St. Peter Hospital in the US
4.5.12  RBC Waterpark Place in Canada
4.5.13  San Francisco Public Utility Commission in the US
4.5.14  Shanghai Tower in China
4.5.15  Subaru of America headquarters in the US
4.5.16  Technische Betriebe Glarus Nord in Switzerland

5  Market forecasts and conclusions
5.1  Market trends and analysis
5.1.1  Major changes are coming to buildings
5.1.2  How does NOI and capitalization rate change with smart buildings?
5.1.3  BIoT has started a new trajectory for building automation
5.1.4  BIoT enables integration of different building functions
5.1.5  Regional differences continue to be important
5.1.6  When is the right time for building owners to engage?
5.2  Europe
5.2.1  Revenues
5.2.2  Shipments
5.2.3  Installed base
5.3  North America
5.3.1  Revenues
5.3.2  Shipments
5.3.3  Installed base
5.4  Asia-Pacific
5.4.1  Revenues
5.4.2  Shipments
5.4.3  Installed base
5.5  Rest-of-World
5.5.1  Revenues
5.5.2  Shipments
5.5.3  Installed base
5.6  Cellular IoT device shipments and connections

List of Figures
Figure 1.1: Global population growth segmented by continent (World 2017–2100)
Figure 1.2: World population urban vs. rural (1950–2050)
Figure 1.3: Schematic overview of building automation
Figure 1.4: Building automation timeline
Figure 1.5: Commercial building sizes and percentage in the US
Figure 1.6: Cost comparison of traditional and IoT-based building automation
Figure 1.7: Evolution of building management
Figure 1.8: Characteristics of a smart building
Figure 1.9: Benefits of smart buildings
Figure 1.10: Energy consumption by commercial building type
Figure 1.11: Energy use in US commercial buildings by end uses (2012)
Figure 1.12: Building size vs energy used
Figure 1.13: Total Cost of Ownership of a building
Figure 1.14: Building lifecycle cost over 40 years, including costs of retrofit
Figure 1.15: Environmental factors that enhance employee productivity
Figure 1.16: Pendulum shift in expertise required to run buildings
Figure 1.17: Siemens pressure sensor and flow sensor
Figure 1.18: Philips Hue lighting system
Figure 1.19: Examples of security and access control systems
Figure 1.20: Example of an alarm system
Figure 1.21: Energy use in restaurants
Figure 1.22: Commercial building stock (US 2017)
Figure 1.23: Commercial building stock by size (US 2017)
Figure 1.24: Commercial building stock (EU28+2 2017)
Figure 1.25: Commercial building types in EU28+2
Figure 1.26: Commercial building stock by size (EU28+2 2017)
Figure 1.27: Commercial building stock (Asia-Pacific 2017)
Figure 1.28: Commercial building stock by size (Asia-Pacific 2017)
Figure 1.29: Commercial building stock (RoW 2017)
Figure 1.30: Commercial building stock by size (RoW 2017)
Figure 2.1: Building protocols market share (North America 2017)
Figure 2.2: Building protocols market share (World 2017)
Figure 2.3: Technology choices of product OEMs
Figure 2.4: Advantages and disadvantages of integrating OT and IT networks
Figure 2.5: Dotdot over Thread
Figure 2.6: Comparison of wired vs. wireless for building automation
Figure 3.1: Levaux sensors
Figure 3.2: 5i Intelligent Energy Platform
Figure 3.3: Comfy software app
Figure 3.4: 75F central control unit and smart node
Figure 3.5: TI reference design for building automation
Figure 3.6: Apana sensor
Figure 3.7: Senseware devices
Figure 3.8: Amphenol refrigeration sensors
Figure 3.9: Entouch dashboard
Figure 3.10: BlueSpray irrigation products
Figure 3.11: ChargePoint station
Figure 4.1: The BIoT ecosystem
Figure 4.2: Example of a building automation project cost
Figure 4.3: Shanghai Tower
Figure 5.1: Connected device shipments, revenues & installed base (World 2017–2022) 264
Figure 5.2: Connected device revenues by application area (EU28+2 2017–2022)
Figure 5.3: Connected device shipments by application area (EU28+2 2017–2022)
Figure 5.4: Installed base by application area (EU28+2 2017–2022)
Figure 5.5: Connected device revenues by application area (North America 2017–2022) 275
Figure 5.6: Connected device shipments by application area (N. America 2017–2022)
Figure 5.7: Installed base by application area (North America 2017–2022)
Figure 5.8: Connected device revenues by application area (Asia-Pacific 2017–2022)
Figure 5.9: Connected device shipments by application area (Asia-Pacific 2017–2022)
Figure 5.10: Installed base by application area (Asia-Pacific 2017–2022)
Figure 5.11: Connected device revenues by application area (RoW 2017–2022)
Figure 5.12: Connected device shipments by application area (RoW 2017–2022)
Figure 5.13: Installed base by application area (RoW 2017–2022)
Figure 5.14: BIoT cellular IoT shipments and connections (World 2017–2022)



Executive Summary

Smart buildings and building automation are ambiguous terms used in reference to a wide range of solutions for controlling, monitoring and automating functions in buildings such as commercial office spaces, retail stores, hotels, schools, hospitals and industrial buildings.  The researcher's definition of a building automation system requires that it has a smartphone  app or a web portal as a user interface. Devices that only can be controlled with switches, timers, sensors and remote controls are thus not included in the scope of this study. Smart building systems can be grouped into twelve primary categories: HVAC systems; lighting and window control; occupancy comfort and productivity systems; fire and safety; access and security; water management; refrigeration; elevators and escalators management; pool and spa management, irrigation systems; charging for electric vehicles; and audio, video and entertainment.

The researcher estimates that 48 million connected devices were shipped globally into the BIoT market in 2018. Note that by connected devices we mean the functions encapsulated in sensors and actuators, I/O modules, controllers and gateways used to control the functions in a smart building. It does not include the servers that may run the dashboard & apps, nor does it include data storage & analytics. The market is broken down into twelve segments of which the access and security market was the largest, followed closely by the fire and safety segment. This intuitively makes sense because these two segments are not just “nice-tohave”, but critical in any commercial building. Moreover, access and security for a  commercial building will comprise of a large number of units; sensors and actuators have to go into multiple doors and entrance ways into lobbies, laboratories, IT and server rooms, gym and fitness centres and supply rooms.

In terms of the fire and safety segment: heat detectors, smoke alarms, sprinkler device placements are governed by regulations. There has to be a minimum number spaced a certain distance apart. This segment thus turns out to be the second largest market. The researcher estimates that shipments for all segments will grow at a CAGR of 36.0 percent to reach 163 million units worldwide in 2022. 

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • 75F
  • ABB
  • AMAG Technology
  • Accruent
  • Advantech
  • Albireo Energy
  • Alpiq InTec
  • Amphenol Advanced Sensors
  • Apana
  • Assa Abloy
  • Asset Mapping
  • AstralPool
  • Autani
  • Automated Logic
  • Avigilon
  • BlueSpray
  • Bosch
  • Building Robotics
  • BuildingIQ
  • ChargePoint
  • Cimetrics
  • Cisco Digital Ceiling
  • Comark
  • Crestron
  • Daikin Technology
  • Danfoss
  • Dell
  • Delta Controls
  • Digital Lumens
  • Distech Controls
  • Duke Energy Center
  • ENGIE Insight
  • Echelon (Adesto Technologies)
  • Elan Systems
  • Enlighted
  • Entouch Controls
  • GE Predix
  • HID Global
  • Harman
  • Hayward
  • Hitachi Lumada
  • Honeywell
  • Hyatt Regency
  • IBM Watson
  • Intelligent Water Management
  • Isquare
  • JInnovations
  • Johnson Controls
  • KGS Buildings
  • KONE
  • Legrand ELIOT
  • Levaux
  • Los Angeles Convention Center
  • Lutron
  • Lynxspring
  • MERak Telsis
  • MGM Resorts
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • National Stadium
  • Nortek Security & Control
  • Otis
  • PointGrab
  • Providence St Peter Hospital
  • RBC Waterpark
  • Rachio
  • Renesas Electronics
  • San Francisco Public Utility Commission
  • Schindler
  • Schneider Electric
  • SenseWare
  • Shanghai Tower
  • Siemens
  • Signify
  • Silvair
  • SkyFoundry
  • Subaru of America
  • Switch Automation
  • Technische Betriebe Glarus Nord
  • Texas Instruments
  • The Edge
  • The Living Building
  • ThyssenKrupp
  • Tyco
  • United Technologies (UTC)
  • Verdigris Technologies
  • Yanzi Networks
  • Zaplox


The Internet of Things is very diverse. There are hundreds of different use cases, each with different dynamics. The starting point is to segment the market.

The analyst begins with a number of sectors: Automotive, Cities, Health, Industry, Home, Industrial, Energy, Retail and Consumer Electronics. Each of these sectors breaks down into a number of applications. In total across all sectors, the analyst examines around 150 separate applications. It is at this application level that they generate their IoT forecast. The analyst builds reliable data bottom-up. They take into consideration the current adoption rate, regulations, demographics, vertical-specific statistics, value chain structure, etc.

The rigorous data collection methods are based on first-hand and secondary sources. The analyst conducts many hundreds of executive interviews on a yearly basis with companies from all parts of the IoT value chain.  They talk to on a regular basis all major mobile operator groups and regulators as well as the chipset, module, and terminal vendors. They also interview many companies in each of the vertical markets.