According to this analysis, in recent years, the growth rate of China's cotton spinning industry is slowing down and labor costs, land rent and the prices of other production factors are rising in China, which increases the costs of cotton planting and decreases the profits from an area of cotton planting. Meanwhile, cotton production capacity is being transferred to Xinjiang from other parts of China. In 2018, the cotton planting area in China was about 3,352,000 hectares, increasing by 4.90% YOY. China is about to run out of cotton reserves and face a short supply of cotton. However, the growth of cotton planting area is restricted by land policies such as returning farmland to forest. In particular, because of the rising labor costs of cotton planting, cotton fields in some regions have been turned into fields of other crops.
According to this author's analysis, the cotton output in China reached about 6.10 million tons in 2018, which increased by 7.80% YOY but was far lower than 7.60 million tons in 2008. The import volume of cotton in China reached 1,574,000 tons in 2018, increasing by 36.20% YOY. The sharp increase in the import volume was mainly attributable to the price advantage of imported cotton.
The Chinese government introduces quota administration for cotton import. It allocates tariff rate quota of 894,000 tons/year as required by the WTO. (The tariff rate on cotton in quota is only 1%, and at least 33% of the quota is reserved for state-owned enterprises.) In Oct. 2018, it provided additional 800,000-ton sliding duty rate quota valid till Feb. 2019. (The tax rates on the cotton imports out of the tariff rate quota but in the sliding duty rate quota are in a floating range below 10%.) The tariff rates on cotton imports out of the tariff rate quota and sliding duty rate quota range from 40% to 125%, depending on the sources and varieties of cotton. Many Chinese enterprises call on the Chinese government to cancel the quota administration for cotton import to cut import taxes. However, some state-owned enterprises firmly oppose the proposal because they benefit greatly from the quota administration. In the next few years, the quota administration will continue to exist in China.
With the escalation of the Sino-U.S. trade war, on Jun. 16, 2018, China's State Council decided to place a 25% tariff on 659 U.S. products worth about USD 50 billion. The decision applied to USD 34 billion of U.S. exports including agricultural products, automobiles and aquatic products from Jul. 6, 2018. The tariff increase immediately affected the export of U.S. cotton to China. Since Jun. 2018, Chinese enterprises have significantly reduced U.S. cotton orders, and Brazil has replaced China as the largest destination of U.S. cotton exports. Overall, China imported about 500,000 tons of cotton from the U.S. in 2017 while the U.S. exported 3.49 million tons of cotton in 2018. China's cotton imports from the U.S. took up a small proportion of U.S. cotton exports. Therefore, fewer orders from China had a limited impact on the export of U.S. cotton. However, in 2017, the cotton imported from the U.S. accounted for more than 40% of China's cotton imports. In this context, the Sino-U.S. war had a great impact on cotton import in China.
According to the researcher, from 2019 to 2023, the growth rate of China's cotton spinning industry will continue to slow down. However, the domestic demand for cotton textiles will keep rising, and a large number of cotton textiles will be exported as usual because of the price advantage. Therefore, the overall demand for cotton in China is expected to increase gradually from 2019 to 2023.
Restricted by production factors such as land rent and labor costs, cotton output in China can hardly rise and will even fall from 2019 to 2023. Therefore, the import volume of cotton in China will keep rising during this period.
- Economic and policy environments of cotton import in China
- Analysis of quota administration for cotton import in China
- Cotton import in China and major sources of China's cotton imports from 2013 to 2018
- Analysis of major cotton importers in China
- Major driving forces and market opportunities for cotton import in China
- Forecast on Cotton Import in China, 2019-2023
1 Overview of the Cotton Industry
1.1 Definition of Cotton
1.2 Classification of Cotton
1.3 Analysis on Industry Chain of Cotton
2 Development Environment of China's Cotton Industry, 2019-2023
2.1 Economic Environment of China's Cotton Industry
2.2 Policy Environment of China's Cotton Industry
2.2.1 China’s Quotas for Cotton Imports
2.2.2 China's Import Tariffs on Cotton
3 Analysis on Supply of Cotton in China, 2019-2023
3.1 Analysis on Cotton Planting Area in China
3.2 Analysis on Cotton Output Volume in China
4 Analysis of Demand for Cotton in China
4.1 Analysis on Cotton Consumer Groups in China
4.2 Analysis on Consumption Volume of Cotton in China
5 Analysis of Cotton Import in China
5.1 Analysis of Scale of Cotton Import in China
5.1.1 Import Volume of Cotton in China
5.1.2 Import Value of Cotton in China
5.2 Analysis on Average Import Prices of Cotton in China
5.3 Analysis on China's Reliance on Cotton Imports
5.4 Analysis on Sources of China's Cotton Imports
5.4.1 Comparison of Prices of China's Cotton Imports from Different Sources
5.4.2 China's Cotton Imports from the U.S.
5.4.3 China's Cotton Imports from Australia
5.4.4 China's Cotton Imports from India
5.4.5 China's Cotton Imports from Brazil
5.5 Comparison of Prices of Domestic and Imported Cotton in China
5.5.1 Prices of Domestic Cotton
5.5.2 Prices of Imported Cotton in CNY
5.5.3 Comparison of Prices of Domestic and Imported Cotton
6 Major Cotton Importers in China
6.1 Rankings of Major Cotton Importers in China
6.2 China National Cotton Group Corporation
6.2.1 Enterprise Profile
6.3 Qingdao Hongchuan Logistics Co., Ltd.
6.3.1 Enterprise Profile
6.3.2 Operation Status
6.4 Chinatex Cotton Import & Export Corp.
6.5 Xinjiang Yinlong International Agricultural Cooperation Co., Ltd.
6.6 Huai’an Xinguo Textile Co., Ltd.
6.7 Weiqiao Textile Company Limited
6.8 Qingdao Sinotra Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd.
6.9 Sunvim Group Co., Ltd.
6.10 ADG Rubber Transaction Center Co., Ltd.
6.11 Lu Thai Textile Co., Ltd.
7 Prospect of Cotton Import in China, 2019-2023
7.1 Factors Influencing Cotton Import in China
7.1.1 Major Driving Forces and Market Opportunities
7.1.2 Threats and Challenges
7.2 Forecast on Cotton Import in China, 2019-2023
7.3 Forecast on Demand for Cotton Imports in China, 2019-2023
Chart Classification of Cotton
Chart Analysis on Industry Chain of Cotton
Chart China’s Tariff Rate Quota for Cotton Import in 2019
Chart Cotton Planting Area in China, 2006-2017
Chart Cotton Output Volume in China, 2006-2018
Chart Sales Revenue of China's Textile Industry, 2013-2017
Chart Apparent Consumption of Cotton in China, 2013-2018
Chart Average Import Prices of Cotton in China, 2007-2018
Chart China's Reliance on Cotton Imports, 2013-2018
Chart Major Sources of China's Cotton Imports in 2017
Chart Average Prices of China's Cotton Imports from Different Sources in Dec. 2018
Chart Volume of China's Cotton Imports from the U.S., 2013-2018
Chart Value of China's Cotton Imports from Australia, 2013-2018
Chart Volume of China's Cotton Imports from India, 2013-2017
Chart Value of China's Cotton Imports from Brazil, 2013-2018
Chart Prices of Domestic Cotton, 2013-2018
Chart Prices of Imported Cotton in CNY, 2013-2018
Chart Comparison of Prices of Domestic and Imported Cotton in China, 2013-2018
Chart Rankings of Major Cotton Importers in China in 2017
Chart Profile of China National Cotton Group Corporation
Chart Profile of Qingdao Hongchuan Logistics Co., Ltd.
Chart Profile of Chinatex Cotton Import & Export Corp.
Chart Profile of Weiqiao Textile Company Limited
Chart Operating Revenue of Weiqiao Textile Company Limited
Chart Forecast on Import Volume of Cotton in China, 2019-2023
- ADG Rubber Transaction Center Co., Ltd.
- China National Cotton Group Corporation
- Chinatex Cotton Import & Export Corp.
- Huai’an Xinguo Textile Co., Ltd.
- Lu Thai Textile Co., Ltd.
- Qingdao Hongchuan Logistics Co., Ltd.
- Qingdao Sinotra Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd.
- Sunvim Group Co., Ltd.
- Weiqiao Textile Company Limited
- Xinjiang Yinlong International Agricultural Cooperation Co., Ltd.
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