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Zeolites in Industrial Separation and Catalysis

  • ID: 1198962
  • Book
  • February 2010
  • 618 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Zeolites are capable of functioning in a number of capacities within different industrial applications, for example, their use in commercial processes makes it possible to produce the basic materials used in a variety of consumer products, such as gasoline, detergent, and polyester, on a large scale.

This first book to offer a practical overview examines the role of zeolites in three capacities. The first part of the book discusses the history and chemistry of zeolites, while the second section focuses on separation processes. The third and final section treats zeolites in the field of catalysis.

The three sections are unified by an examination of how the unique properties of zeolites allow them to function in different capacities as an adsorbent, a membrane and as a catalyst, while also discussing their impact within the industry and in daily life.

Edited by a globally recognized and acclaimed leader in the field with contributions from major industry experts, this handbook and ready reference introduces such novel separators as zeolite membranes and mixed matrix membranes.
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INTRODUCTION

Introduction

History of Molecular Sieve Materials

Synthesis

Applications

Markets

The Future

History of International Conferences and Organizations

Historical Epilogue

ZEOLITE TYPES AND STRUCTURES

Introduction

Building Units for Zeolite Frameworks

Zeolite Framework Types

Pores, Channels, Cages and Cavities

Material Versus Framework Types

Structures of Commercially Significant Zeolites

Hypothetical Zeolite Frameworks

SYNTHESIS OF ZEOLITES AND MANUFACTURE OF ZEOLITIC CATALYST AND ADSORBENTS

Introduction

Synthesis of Zeolites and Aluminophosphate Molecular Sieves

Forming Zeolite Powders into Usable Shapes

Finishing: Post–Forming Manufacturing of Zeolite Catalysts and Adsorbents

Selected New Developments in Catalyst and Adsorbent Manufacture

ZEOLITE CHARACTERIZATION

Introduction

Multi–Technique Methodology

X–Ray Powder Diffraction Characterization of Zeolitic Systems

Electron Microscopy Characterization of Zeolitic Systems

Infrared Spectroscopy of Zeolitic Systems

NMR Characterization of Zeolitic Systems

Physica./Chemical Characterization

Conclusions

OVERVIEW IN ZEOLITES ADSORPTIVE SEPARATION

Introduction

Industrial Adsorptive Separation

R&D Adsorptive Separation

Summary Review of Zeolites in Adsorptive Separation

ASPECTS OF MECHANISMS, PROCESSES, AND REQUIREMENTS FOR ZEOLITE SEPARATION

Introduction

Impacts of Adsorptive Separation Versus Other Separation Processes

Liquid Phase Adsorption

Modes of Operation

Zeolite Separation Processes

Summary

LIQUID INDUSTRIAL AROMATICS ADSORBENT SEPARATION

Introduction

Major Industrial Processes

Other Significant Processes

Summary

LIQUID INDUSTRIAL NON–AROMATICS ADSORPTIVE SEPARATIONS

Introduction

Normal Paraffin Separations

Mono–Methyl Paraffin Separation (C10–16)

Olefin Separations

Carbohydrate Separations

Liquid Adsorption Acid Separations

Summary

INDUSTRIAL GAS PHASE ADSORPTIVE GASES SEPARATION

Introduction

Regeneration

Adsorption Equilibrium

Mass Transfer in Formed Zeolite Particles

Industrial TSA Separations (Purification)

Industrial PSA

Industrial Dehydration (Bulk Removal)

Non Regenerable Adsorption

Summary

ZEOLITE MEMBRANE SEPARATIONS

Introduction

Synthesis and Properties of Zeolite Membranes

Transport Theory and Separation Capability of Zeolite Membranes

Zeolite Membranes in Separation and Reactive Processes

Summary

MIXED–MATRIX MEMBRANE

Introduction

Compositions of Mixed–Matrix Membranes

Concept of Zeolite/Polymer Mixed–Matrix Membranes

Material Selection for Zeolite/Polymer Mixed–Matrix Membranes

Geometries of Zeolite/Polymer Mixed–Matrix Membranes

Applications of Zeolite/Polymer Mixed–Matrix Membranes

Summary

OVERVIEW AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CATALYTIC APPLICATIONS OF ZEOLITES

History of Catalytic Uses of Zeolites

Literature Review of Recent Developments in Catalytic Uses of Zeolites

Future Trends in Catalysis by Zeolites

UNIQUE ASPECTS OF MECHANISMS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR ZEOLITE CATALYSIS IN REFINING AND PETROCHEMICALS

Introduction

Adsorption

Diffusion

Acidity

Carbocations

Elementary Steps of Hydrocarbon Conversion over Zeolites

Shape Selectivity

Reaction Mechanisms

Key Remaining Questions

INDUSTRIAL ISOMERIZATION

Introduction

Metal–Zeolite Catalyzed Light Paraffin Isomerization

Olefin Isomerization

C8 Aromatics Isomerization

PROCESSES ON INDUSTRIAL C–C BOND FORMATION

Introduction

Olefin Oligomerization

Paraffin/Olefin Alkylation

Benzene Alkylation

Alkylbenzene Disproportionation and Trans–Alkylation

Paraffin/Olefin to Aromatics

Methanol to Olefins and Aromatics

Summary

BOND BREAKING AND REARRANGEMENT

Introduction

Critical Zeolite Properties

Chemistry of Bond Scission Processes

Fluidized Catalytic Cracking

Hydrocracking and Hydroisomerization

Conclusions
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Santi Kulprathipanja
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