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Crop Physiology. Edition No. 2

  • ID: 2899383
  • Book
  • October 2018
  • Region: Global
  • 564 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems.

Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability.

  • Provides a view of crop physiology as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy
  • Written by leading scientists from around the world
  • Combines environment-specific cropping systems and general principles of crop science to appeal to advanced students, and scientists in agriculture-related disciplines, from molecular sciences to natural resources management
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Preface Acknowledgements 1. Crop Physiology: applications for breeding and agronomy Part 1: Farming Systems 2. High yield maize-soybean cropping systems in the U.S. corn belt 3. Farming systems of China: Innovations for sustainable crop production 4. Improving farming systems in northern Europe 5. Raising productivity of maize-based cropping systems in Eastern and Southern Africa: Step-wise intensification options 6. Cropping systems in high yielding potential environments. Opportunities and challenges in Southern Chile 7. Cereal yield in Mediterranean-type environments: challenging the paradigms on terminal drought, the adaptability of barley vs wheat and the role of nitrogen fertilization Part 2: Carbon, water and nutrient economies of crops 8. Quantifying crop responses to nitrogen deficiency and avenues to improve nitrogen-use efficiency 9. A Darwinian perspective on improving nitrogen-fixation efficiency of legume crops and forages 10. Senescence and crop performance 11. Improving Water Transport for Carbon Gain in Crops Part 3: Genetic improvement and agronomy 12. Genetic and Environmental Effects on Crop Development Determining Adaptation and Yield 13. Characterising the crop environment
nature, significance and applications 14. Model assisted phenotyping and ideotype design 15. Crop phenotyping for physiological breeding in grain crops: a case study for maize 16. Breeding challenge: improving yield potential 17. Improving grain quality. Ecophysiological and modelling tools to develop management and breeding strategies 18. Integrated views in plant breeding: from the perspective of biotechnology 19. Integration of biotechnology, plant breeding and crop physiology. Dealing with complex interactions from a physiological perspective 20. Crop modelling for climate change impact and adaptation
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Sadras, Victor
Victor Sadras is a crop ecophysiologist with interest in the adaptation of crops to environmental stresses, including water deficit, extreme temperatures, nutrient deficit, soil physical and chemical constraints, pathogens and insects. He has measured and modelled aspects of the water, carbon and nitrogen economies of annual (wheat, field pea, chickpea, sunflower, maize, soybean, cotton) and perennial crops (grapevine, olive) in rain-fed and irrigated systems.
Calderini, Daniel
Dr. Daniel Calderini, is a full professor of the Plant Production and Health Institute of this University Specializing in the Physiology of Crops and Cereals. He is Coordinator in Chile of the Network "Improvement of the efficiency in the use of inputs and phenological adjustment in wheat and barley crops" (METRICE) of the Ibero-American Program of Science and Technology for Development. He is also Project Director " Expansin Formulas to Increase Yield in Wheat" . and Coordinator Responsible for the Project "Equipment Laboratory of Physiology of Crops and Seeds " (LAFICYS) -Universidad Austral de Chile (EQ-91). Further, he is an External Researcher of the Project "E strategies to increase the number of grains in wheat and soybeans based on ecophysical attributes" and is the Director of the Project "Physiological and genetic bases of the weight of grains in wheat". Sustainable Modernization of Traditional Agriculture ( MASAGRO ), Mexico and International Center for Maize and Wheat Improvement ( CIMMYT ).
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