Bioanalytics. Analytical Methods and Concepts in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

  • ID: 4013495
  • Book
  • 1134 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Analytical methods are the essential enabling tools of the modern biosciences. This book presents a comprehensive introduction into these analytical methods, including their physical and chemical backgrounds, as well as a discussion of the strengths and weakness of each method. It covers all major techniques for the determination and experimental analysis of biological macromolecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids.

The presentation includes frequent cross–references in order to highlight the many connections between different techniques. The book provides a bird´s eye view of the entire subject and enables the reader to select the most appropriate method for any given bioanalytical challenge. This makes the book a handy resource for students and researchers in setting up and evaluating experimental research. The depth of the analysis and the comprehensive nature of the coverage mean that there is also a great deal of new material, even for experienced experimentalists.

The following techniques are covered in detail:

– Purification and determination of proteins

– Measuring enzymatic activity

– Microcalorimetry

– Immunoassays, affinity chromatography and other immunological methods

– Cross–linking, cleavage, and chemical modification of proteins

– Light microscopy, electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy

– Chromatographic and electrophoretic techniques

– Protein sequence and composition analysis

– Mass spectrometry methods

– Measuring protein–protein interactions

– Biosensors

– NMR and EPR of biomolecules

– Electron microscopy and X–ray structure analysis

– Carbohydrate and lipid analysis

– Analysis of posttranslational modifications

– Isolation and determination of nucleic acids

– DNA hybridization techniques

– Polymerase chain reaction techniques

– DNA sequence and epigenetic modification analysis

– Analysis of protein–nucleic acid interactions

– Analysis of sequence data

– Proteomics, metabolomics, peptidomics and toponomics

– Chemical biology
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Preface XV

Introduction XIX

Part I Protein Analytics 1

1 Protein Purification 3

2 Protein determination 23

3 Enzyme Activity Testing 35

4 Microcalorimetry 47

5 Immunological Techniques 63

6 Chemical Modification of Proteins and Protein Complexes 107

7 Spectroscopy 131

8 Light Microscopy Techniques Imaging 181

9 Cleavage of Proteins 207

10 Chromatographic Separation Methods 219

11 Electrophoretic Techniques 243

12 Capillary Electrophoresis 275

13 Amino Acid Analysis 301

14 Protein Sequence Analysis 313

15 Mass Spectrometry 329

16 Protein Protein Interactions 381

17 Biosensors 419

Part II 3D Structure Determination 431

18 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Biomolecules 433

19 Electron Microscopy 485

20 Atomic Force Microscopy 519

21 X–Ray Structure Analysis 529

Part III Peptides, Carbohydrates, and Lipids 553

22 Analytics of Synthetic Peptides 555

23 Carbohydrate Analysis 571

24 Lipid Analysis 613

25 Analysis of Post–translational Modifications: Phosphorylation and Acetylation of Proteins 645

Part IV Nucleic Acid Analytics 663

26 Isolation and Purification of Nucleic Acids 665

27 Analysis of Nucleic Acids 681

28 Techniques for the Hybridization and Detection of Nucleic Acids 719

29 Polymerase Chain Reaction 755

30 DNA Sequencing 785

31 Analysis of Epigenetic Modifications 817

32 Protein Nucleic Acid Interactions 831

Part V Functional and Systems Analytics 873

33 Sequence Data Analysis 875

34 Analysis of Promoter Strength and Nascent RNA Synthesis 895

35 Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization in Molecular Cytogenetics 917

36 Physical and Genetic Mapping of Genomes 925

37 DNA–Microarray Technology 945

38 The Use of Oligonucleotides as Tools in Cell Biology 959

39 Proteome Analysis 977

40 Metabolomics and Peptidomics 1023

41 Interactomics Systematic Protein Protein Interactions 1033

42 Chemical Biology 1041

43 Toponome Analysis 1057

Appendix 1: Amino Acids and Posttranslational Modifications 1073

Appendix 2: Symbols and Abbreviations 1075

Appendix 3: Standard Amino Acids (three and one letter code) 1081

Appendix 4: Nucleic Acid Bases 1083

Index 1085

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Friedrich Lottspeich studied chemistry in Vienna and performed his dissertation at the Max–Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Munich. He received his Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Vienna. After habilitation in Munich and Innsbruck, Friedrich Lottspeich was head of the protein analytics group at the Max–Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Munich until his retirement in 2013. His research focused on the development and application of methods for the analysis of proteins. Friedrich Lottspeich is author of more than 750 original publications and is a former President of EUPA and DGPF. He received several international prizes such as the ASAC Pregl Medal 2009, the DGMS Award Mass spectrometry in Life Sciences 2012, the AUPA Life Achievement Award 2014 and the EUPA Juan Pablo Albar Proteomics Award 2016.

Joachim W. Engels studied chemistry in Berlin and Munich and received a Ph.D. in Regensburg. He carried out post–doctoral studies at Stanford, did his habilitation in Konstanz and was a visiting scientist at the University of Colorado before joining the company Hoechst in 1981, where he developed gene synthesis. He is a full Professor of Biological Chemistry at the Goethe–University of Frankfurt since 1985. His interests range from chemical biology to bioanalytics. Joachim Engels has served as president of the International Society of Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids (2005/6), held several guest professorships at Chiba Institute, Japan (1989), Hokkaido University, Japan (1998) Shandong University, China (2004), Cady–Ayyad University, Morocco (2010), University Witwatersrand, South Africa (2012). He has authored more than 300 original publications. On retirement, he was chosen Professor Emeritus and he is now President of the Goethe–Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft (Academy) in Frankfurt.
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