The Neuroscience of Empathy, Compassion, and Self-Compassion provides contemporary perspectives on the three related domains of empathy, compassion and self-compassion (ECS). It informs current research, stimulates further research endeavors, and encourages continued and creative philosophical and scientific inquiry into the critical societal constructs of ECS. Examining the growing number of electrocortical (EEG Power Spectral, Coherence, Evoked Potential, etc.) studies and the sizeable body of exciting neuroendocrine research (e.g., oxytocin, dopamine, etc.) that have accumulated over decades, this reference is a unique and comprehensive approach to empathy, compassion and self-compassion.
- Provides perspectives on empathy, compassion and self-compassion (ECS), including discussions of cruelty, torture, killings, homicides, suicides, terrorism and other examples of empathy/compassion erosion
- Addresses autonomic nervous system (vagal) reflections of ECS
- Discusses recent findings and understanding of ECS from mirror neuron research
- Covers neuroendocrine manifestations of ECS and self-compassion and the neuroendocrine enhancement
- Examines the neuroscience research on the enhancement of ECS
- Includes directed-meditations (mindfulness, mantra, Metta, etc.) and their effects on ECS and the brain
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1. What Is This Feeling That I Have for Myself and for Others? Contemporary Perspectives on Empathy, Compassion, and Self-Compassion, and Their Absence
LARRY STEVENS, C. CHAD WOODRUFF
2. The Brain That Makes Us Concerned for Others: Toward a Neuroscience of Empathy
VERA FLASBECK, CRISTINA GONZALEZ-LIENCRES, MARTIN BRÜNE
3. The Brain that Longs to Help Others: The Current Neuroscience of Compassion
LARRY STEVENS, JASMINE BENJAMIN
4. The Brain That Longs to Help Itself: The Current Neuroscience of Self-Compassion
LARRY STEVENS, MARK GAUTHIER-BRAHAM, BENJAMIN BUSH
5. Sometimes I Get So Mad I Could .: The Neuroscience of Cruelty
TAYLOR N. WEST, LEAH SAVERY, ROBERT J. GOODMAN
6. Reflections of Others and of Self: The Mirror Neuron System's Relationship to Empathy
C. CHAD WOODRUFF
7. Why does it feel so good to care for others, but only sometimes for myself?
MELISSA BIRKETT, JONI SASAKI
8. Can We Change Our Mind About Caring for Others? The Neuroscience of Systematic Compassion Training
ADAM CALDERON, TODD AHERN, THOMAS PRUZINSKY
9. Compassion Training from an Early Buddhist Perspective: The Neurological Concomitants of the Brahmaviharas
ROBERT J. GOODMAN, PAUL E. PLONSKI, LEAH SAVERY
10. The Language and Structure of Social Cognition: An Integrative Process of Becoming the Other
J.A. PINEDA, FIZA SINGH, KRISTINA CHEPAK
11. Where Caring for Self and Others' Lives in the Brain, and How it can be Enhanced, and Diminished: Observations on the Neuroscience on Empathy, Compassion, and Self-Compassion
C. CHAD WOODRUFF, LARRY STEVENS
Larry Stevens' primary interests are in teaching and research in the broad sub-specialty of health psychology and behavioral medicine. He coordinates a very active undergraduate and graduate research program in the psychophysiology of altered states of consciousness, of compassion, of psychotherapy techniques, and particularly in clinical hypnosis. He uses electroencephalography (EEG) and EEG neuroimaging techniques to measure and to display brain changes from a variety of states of consciousness. Dr. Stevens is the principal investigator and program coordinator of the department's National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored summer undergraduate research internships into the Social Psychophysiology of Compassion. Each summer, he leads a team of faculty mentors and eight undergraduate interns from across the country in the conduct of social and psychophysiological research into the cortical, physiological, and psychosocial underpinnings of compassionate behavior. Research outcomes are presented each year at local, regional, and national (APA) conferences.
Woodruff, C. Chad
Dr. Woodruff is a Social Neuroscientist whose research aims to elucidate the brain mechanisms underlying empathy, sympathy and compassion as well as religious belief. He uses electroencephalography (EEG) to measure various brain signals, investigating how these signals relate to social neuroscience topics. Much of his research focuses on an EEG signal believed to reflect the activity of mirror neurons. These are neurons that not only code the intentions of an individual, but also seem to reflect the intentions of those with whom the individual interacts. Among the most important findings in his laboratory is that putative mirror neuron activity has a complicated relationship with empathy in which the one's empathic abilities increase with the ability of his/her mirror neuron systems ability to distinguish self from other (self-other discrimination). Dr. Woodruff maintains a vibrant lab, typically employing 10-15 students (graduate and undergraduate) who participate in all facets of the research process.