Skin and Arthropod Vectors

  • ID: 4398552
  • Book
  • 516 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Recent research on skin immunity and the skin microbiome reveals the complexity of the skin and its importance in the development of immunity against arthropod-borne diseases. In diseases such as malaria, borreliosis, leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, etc., the skin interface has been shown as an essential site for pathogens to hide from the immune system, and as a potential site of persistence. Only very few vaccines have been successfully developed so far against these diseases, likely because of an insufficient understanding on the development of skin immunity against pathogens. Skin and Arthropod Vectors expands our knowledge on the role of the skin interface during the transmission of arthropod-borne diseases and particularly its immunity. This work may support researchers who strive for developing more efficient diagnostic tools and vaccines. It also gives scientists and advanced students working in related areas a better insight on how humans and animals are attractive to arthropods to develop better repellents, or to set up transgenic arthropods.

  • Offers the only compilation of research focusing on both the skin interface and arthropod vectors, with contributions from international experts
  • Advances research in the effort toward generating more effective diagnostic tools and vaccines focusing on the skin interface
  • Can also serve as supplemental material for dermatology lectures or specialized lectures on medical entomology and skin immunity

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1. Skin Immunity and Microbiome

Nathalie Boulanger and Cédric Lenormand

2. Arthropods: Definition and Medical Importance

Gérard Duvallet, Nathalie Boulanger and Vincent Robert

3. Impact of Skin Microbiome on Attractiveness to Arthropod Vectors and Pathogen Transmission

Niels O. Verhulst, Nathalie Boulanger and Jeroen Spitzen

4. Arthropod Saliva and Its Role in Pathogen Transmission: Insect Saliva

Mosquito Saliva, Skin, Allergy, and the Outcome of Malaria Infection-From Mice to Men

Claudia Demarta-Gatsi, Salaheddine Mécheri and Richard E. Paul

Role of Sand Fly Saliva on Leishmania Infection and the Potential of Vector Salivary Proteins as Vaccines

Shadden Kamhawi, Jesus G. Valenzuela, Iliano V. Coutinho-Abreu, Cláudia Ida Brodskyn

5. Tick Saliva and Its Role in Pathogen Transmission

Sarah Bonnet, Mária Kazimírová, Jennifer Richardson and Ladislav Simo

6. Insect-Borne Pathogens and Skin Interface: Flagellate Parasites and Skin Interface


Natalia Tavares, Léa Castellucci, Camila de Oliveira, Cláudia Brodskyn


Dorien Mabille, Louis Maes, Guy Caljon

7. Skin and Other Pathogens: Malaria and Plague

Emergence of a Skin Phase in Mammalian Malaria

Pauline Formaglio, Laura Mac-Daniel, Rogerio Amino, Robert Ménard

Yersinia Pestis and Plague

Jeffrey G. Shannon

8. Insect-Borne Viruses and Host Skin Interface

Christopher G. Mueller and Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau

9. Tick-Borne Bacteria and Host Skin Interface

Quentin Bernard, Ema Helezen and Nathalie Boulanger

10. Tick-Borne Viruses and Host Skin Interface

Mária Kazimírová, Pavlína Bartíková and Iveta Stibrániová

11. Skin and Arthropod-Borne Diseases: Applications to Vaccine and Diagnosis

Live Vaccines Against Preerythrocytic Malaria: A Skin Issue?

Laura Mac-Daniel, Rogerio Amino, Robert Ménard

Lyme Vaccine: Borrelia and Tick as Targets to Identify Vaccine Candidates Against Lyme Borreliosis?

Ema Helezen, Nathalie Boulanger

12. Tools to Decipher Vector-Borne Pathogen and Host Interactions in the Skin

Pauline Formaglio, Joppe W. Hovius, Chetan Aditya, Joana Tavares, Lauren M.K. Mason, Robert Ménard, Nathalie Boulanger and Rogerio Amino
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Boulanger, Nathalie
Dr. Nathalie Boulanger has been associate professor in parasitology at the University of Strasbourg, France, since 1995. For more than a decade, her research team has developed a project on skin and Lyme borreliosis. The research developed covers the main aspects of the interaction of arthropod vectors and the skin: role of arthropod saliva, skin microbiome, development of in vitro and in vivo models, applications of the topics to diagnostics and vaccine aspects, and more. Dr. Boulanger has received both Fulbright and Monahan grants and has past experience researching malaria and coccidiosis vaccines. She has teaching experience in zoology, public health, entomology, parasitology, and medical mycology.
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