Physics of Cryogenics

  • ID: 4398679
  • Book
  • 726 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Physics of Cryogenics: An Ultralow Temperature Phenomenon discusses the significant number of advances that have been made during the last few years in a variety of cryocoolers, such as Brayton, Joule-Thomson, Stirling, pulse tube, Gifford-McMahon and magnetic refrigerators. The book reviews various approaches taken to improve reliability, a major driving force for new research areas. The advantages and disadvantages of different cycles are compared, and the latest improvements in each of these cryocoolers is discussed. The book starts with the thermodynamic fundamentals, followed by the definition of cryogenic and the associated science behind low temperature phenomena and properties.

This book is an ideal resource for scientists, engineers and graduate and senior undergraduate students who need a better understanding of the science of cryogenics and related thermodynamics.

  • Defines the fundamentals of thermodynamics that are associated with cryogenic processes
  • Provides an overview of the history of the development of cryogenic technology
  • Includes new, low temperature tables written by the author
  • Deals with the application of cryogenics to preserve objects at very low temperature
  • Explains how cryogenic phenomena work for human cell and human body preservations and new medical approaches
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1. Cryogenics Technologies 2. Properties of Pure Substances 3. Mixtures 4. Work and Heat 5. First Law of Thermodynamics 6. Second Law of Thermodynamics 7. The Kinetic Theory of Gases 8. Reversible Work, Irreversibility, and Exergy (Availability) 9. Gas Kinetic Theory of Entropy 10. Thermodynamic Relations 11. Heat Transfer 12. Concept of Cryogenic, Basic Principles 13. Transport Properties of Solids at Cryogenic State 14. Cryogenic Equipment, Systems, and Applications

Appendix A: Tables and Properties of Solids and Fluids at Cryogenic State

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Zohuri, Bahman
Dr. Bahman Zohuri is currently at the Galaxy Advanced Engineering, Inc. a consulting company that he started himself in 1991 when he left both semiconductor and Defence industries after many years working as a chief scientist. After graduating from University of Illinois in field of Physics and Applied Mathematics, he joined Westinghouse Electric Corporation where he performed thermal hydraulic analysis and natural circulation for Inherent Shutdown Heat Removal System (ISHRS) in the core of a Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) as a secondary fully inherent shut system for secondary loop heat exchange. All these designs were, used for Nuclear Safety and Reliability Engineering for Self-Actuated Shutdown System. He designed the Mercury Heat Pipe and Electromagnetic Pumps for Large Pool Concepts of LMFBR for heat rejection purpose for this reactor around 1978 where he received a patent for it. He then was, transferred to defence division of Westinghouse later, where he was responsible for the dynamic analysis and method of launch and handling of MX missile out of canister. He later on was a consultant at Sandia National Laboratory after leaving United States Navy. Dr. Zohuri earned his Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Physics from the University of Illinois and his second Master degree in Mechanical Engineering as well as his Doctorate in Nuclear Engineering from University of New Mexico. He has been, awarded three patents, and has published 26 textbooks and numerous other journal publications.
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