Physics of Cryogenics: An Ultralow Temperature Phenomenon discusses the significant number of advances that have been made during the last few years in a variety of cryocoolers, such as Brayton, Joule-Thomson, Stirling, pulse tube, Gifford-McMahon and magnetic refrigerators. The book reviews various approaches taken to improve reliability, a major driving force for new research areas. The advantages and disadvantages of different cycles are compared, and the latest improvements in each of these cryocoolers is discussed. The book starts with the thermodynamic fundamentals, followed by the definition of cryogenic and the associated science behind low temperature phenomena and properties.
This book is an ideal resource for scientists, engineers and graduate and senior undergraduate students who need a better understanding of the science of cryogenics and related thermodynamics.
- Defines the fundamentals of thermodynamics that are associated with cryogenic processes
- Provides an overview of the history of the development of cryogenic technology
- Includes new, low temperature tables written by the author
- Deals with the application of cryogenics to preserve objects at very low temperature
- Explains how cryogenic phenomena work for human cell and human body preservations and new medical approaches
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1. Cryogenics Technologies 2. Properties of Pure Substances 3. Mixtures 4. Work and Heat 5. First Law of Thermodynamics 6. Second Law of Thermodynamics 7. The Kinetic Theory of Gases 8. Reversible Work, Irreversibility, and Exergy (Availability) 9. Gas Kinetic Theory of Entropy 10. Thermodynamic Relations 11. Heat Transfer 12. Concept of Cryogenic, Basic Principles 13. Transport Properties of Solids at Cryogenic State 14. Cryogenic Equipment, Systems, and Applications
Appendix A: Tables and Properties of Solids and Fluids at Cryogenic State
Dr. Bahman Zohuri is currently an Adjunct Professor at Artificial Intelligence Scientist at Golden Gate University, San Francisco California, while he also is Research Associate Professor at Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at University of New Mexico at Albuquerque. He is also consulting through his own consulting company that he stared himself in 1991. He has also been a consultant at Sandia National Laboratory after leaving the United States Navy. Dr. Zohuri earned his Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Physics from the University of Illinois and his second Master degree in Mechanical Engineering as well as his Doctorate in Nuclear Engineering from University of New Mexico. He has been awarded three patents and has published more than 40 textbooks and numerous other journal publications.