Magmas under Pressure: Advances in High-Pressure Experiments on Structure and Properties of Melts summarizes recent advances in experimental technologies for studying magmas at high pressures. In the past decade, new developments in high-pressure experiments, particularly with synchrotron X-ray techniques, have advanced the study of magmas under pressure. These new experiments have revealed significant changes of structure and physical properties of magmas under pressure, which significantly improves our understanding of the behavior of magmas in the earth's interior.
This book is an important reference, not only in the earth and planetary sciences, but also in other scientific fields, such as physics, chemistry, material sciences, engineering and in industrial applications, such as glass formation and metallurgical processing.
- Includes research and examples of high-pressure technologies for studying the structure and properties of magma
- Summarizes the current knowledge on the structure and properties of high-pressure magma
- Highlights the importance of magma in understanding the evolution of the earth's interior
Magmas in the Earth's interior 1. Primary mantle melts 2. Carbon-bearing magmas in the Earth's deep interior 3. The influence of pressure on the properties and origins of hydrous silicate liquids in Earth's interior 4. Melting in the Earth's deep interior
Advances in experimental studies of melts at high pressures 5. X-ray diffraction structure measurement 6. X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurement 7. Synchrotron Mossbauer spectroscopy measurement 8. Vibrational properties of glasses and melts 9. Density and elasticity measurements for liquid materials 10. Viscosity measurement 11. Electrical conductivity measurement
Current knowledge on structure and properties of magmas under pressure 12. Structure and properties of silicate magmas 13. Densification mechanisms of oxide glasses and melts 14. Silicate glasses under ultrahigh pressure conditions 15. Melts under extreme conditions from shock experiments 16. Simulation of silicate magmas under pressure
Yoshio Kono is a beamline scientist at a synchrotron X-ray facility (HPCAT at the Advanced Photon Source) in the USA. He manages an X-ray experimental station for high-pressure studies of melts. He studies structure and physical properties of not only magmas in Earth science but also liquids and amorphous materials in physics and material sciences. He received Ph.D. in environmental and natural sciences at Yokohama National University, Japan, at 2006.
Chrystèle Sanloup is a professor of Earth sciences in Paris (Sorbonne Université), France. Her main interests are the chemical and physical properties of geomaterials at the extreme pressure and temperature conditions found in planetary interiors. She is specialized in in situ X-ray synchrotron based techniques, in particular for the measurement of melts properties. She received a PhD in Universe Sciences at Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, France, 2000.