Atmospheric Multiphase Chemistry and Physics

  • ID: 4470758
  • Book
  • 450 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This comprehensive and timely reference is unique in presenting a balanced discussion of this highly important topic.

The excellent editors and highly respected chapter authors discuss all important aspects, from physico–chemical concepts via instrumental developments right up to impacts on health and the global climate. Chapters on complex measurement strategies as well as on the latest developments in experimental and theoretical cloud and aerosol science guide the reader from practical aspects to theoretical models. With many up–to–date bibliographic references for easy access to further in–depth and detailed information.
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Introduction: Classes of atmospheric particles and interfaces (aerosol, POA/SOA, bioaerosol, clouds,ice/liquid/mixed clouds, fog and haze, ground), atmospheric/air quality and molecular views

Physical Properties of Aerosols and Clouds. Especially those properties important in the Climate Discussion (cloud formation): Extinction, absorption, scattering cross sections, external/internal mixtures, hygroscopicity

New Particle (Gas–to–Particle) Formation (CLOUD Project at CERN)

Nucleation Phenomena in Freezing Transitions, Ice Nucleation & CCN activation

Gas–Particle Partitioning

Phase Diagrams & Transitions, Supersaturations, Viscosity

Thermochemistry & Kinetics of Aqueous/Condensed Phase Reactions Including Free Radical Reactions In Solution

Thermochemistry & Kinetics of Interfacial Reactions

Ionic And Free Radical Processes On Atmospheric Clusters In The Free Troposphere And Lower Stratosphere

Health Effects –

Molecular Mechanisms: ROS/RNS, Antioxidants, Immunological Reactions

Global Modeling: Global Emissions/Formation, Transport, Climate & Health Effects

New Instrumental Developments & Modeling Tools:

∗ API–TOF, STXM, SFG, viscosity, high pressure XPS

∗ kinetic multilayer models, molecular dynamics

Dry/Wet Deposition Of Atmospheric Aerosols And Hydrometeros

Influence Of Aerosols On Climate: Global and Regional Aspects

Outlook: potential applications of multiphase kinetics/thermodynamics in catalysis, energy conversion, green chemistry, plasma chemistry

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Ulrich Pöschl is director of the Multiphase Chemistry Department at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry and professor at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany. He has studied chemistry at the Technical University of Graz, Austria, and he has worked as a postdoctoral fellow, research scientist, group leader, and university lecturer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, and at the Technical University of Munich. His current scientific research and teaching are focused on the effects of multiphase processes in the Earth system, climate, life and public health.

Michel J. Rossi is senior scientist in the Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry at Paul Scherrer Institute in Villigen, Switzerland. He studied chemistry at the University of Basel and upon his PhD worked as a postdoctoral fellow in the Institute of Physical Chemistry at the same university. He spent 15 years as academic researcher in the Atomic and Molecular Physics Group at Stanford Research Institute, USA. In 1991, he was appointed faculty at the Air and Soil Pollution Laboratory at EPFL, Switzerland. Since 2010, he is employed at the PSI.
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