Personality and Disease: Scientific Proof vs. Wishful Thinking addresses what we know, what we believe despite evidence to the contrary, and why such beliefs persist in the face of evidence regarding scientific proof on personality and disease. As a tremendous amount of research has been performed on the relationship between personality and disease, this book provides an anthology of the latest findings from scientific journals on psychology, behavioral health, psychoneuroimmunology, oncology and epidemiology. It contains contributions from world experts, summarizing research findings on personality as it relates to cancer, heart disease, diabetes, asthma and allergies, dementia, and more.
Questions such as Is there such a thing as a cancer prone personality? Do sadness, anger, stress or shyness affect the likelihood that we will fall ill to specific diseases? and Can we protect ourselves from disease through a positive outlook? are discussed.
- Investigates whether, and how, personality affects disease
- Covers cancer, heart disease, diabetes, asthma, allergies and dementia
- Separates fact from fiction and evidence from beliefs
- Collates research from a wide variety of scientific domains
- Contains international perspectives from top scholars
- Includes a foreword by the EU Health Commissioner
1. A Brief Historical Overview on Links Between Personality and Health
Jesper Dammeyer and Ingo Zettler
2. How to Measure the Personality
3. Personality as Determinant of Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, Physical Activity, and Diet Preferences
Christian Hakulinen and Markus Jokela
4. Personality and Cardiovascular Disease
Pernille E. Bidstrup, Ivalu K. Sørensen and Emil Wolsk
5. Personality and Type 2 Diabetes: An Overview of the Epidemiological Evidence
Mika Kivimäki, G. David Batty and Markus Jokela
6. Personality and Dementia: Personality as Risk Factor or as Early Manifestation in Dementing Disorders?
Lianne M. Reus, Lena Johansson and Pieter J. Visser
7. Personality, Asthma, and Allergies
Adrian Furnham and Helen Cheng
8. The Personality and Risk for Cancer
9. Personality and Social Relationships: As Thick as Thieves
Marcus Mund, Bertus F. Jeronimus and Franz J. Neyer
10. Personality Genetics
11. The Enduring Appeal of Psychosocial Explanations of Physical Illness
Roderick D. Buchanan, Nick Haslam and Wade Pickren
12. What Mechanisms Explain the Links Between Personality and Health?
Deborah J. Wiebe, Anna Song and Maria D. Ramirez Loyola
Christoffer Johansen is a professor in the oncology clinic at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, and responsible for the first Psychosocial Cancer Research Unit at the Institute of Cancer Epidemiology with the Danish Cancer Society (EPI). He has 450+ peer-reviewed publications and 4 published books on cancer, with an h factor of 60. He holds several editor positions in cancer survivorship journals, is past president of The International Society of Psycho-Oncology, and has served on scientific advisory boards for The Netherlands Cancer Institute, The Karolinska Institute, and The Hamburg Cancer Research Center, Eppendorf. He additionally has been a senior advisor to the Danish National Board of Health. In his scientific career, Christoffer Johansen received and managed grants for more than 25 million dollars.
Dr. Johansen received his MD in 1986, his PhD in psychosocial cancer epidemiology in 1994 and his Doctor of Medical Sciences in environmental cancer epidemiology in 2004 at the University of Copenhagen. His main research areas are psychological and social factors in relation to cancer, electromagnetic fields and cancer, and genetic factors in relation to brain tumors.