Encyclopedia of Ecology, Second Edition continues the acclaimed work of the previous edition published in 2008. It covers all scales of biological organization, from organisms, to populations, to communities and ecosystems. Laboratory, field, simulation modelling, and theoretical approaches are presented to show how living systems sustain structure and function in space and time. New areas of focus include micro- and macro scales, molecular and genetic ecology, and global ecology (e.g., climate change, earth transformations, ecosystem services, and the food-water-energy nexus) are included. In addition, new, international experts in ecology contribute on a variety of topics.
- Offers the most broad-ranging and comprehensive resource available in the field of ecology
- Provides foundational content and suggests further reading
- Incorporates the expertise of over 500 outstanding investigators in the field of ecology, including top young scientists with both research and teaching experience
- Includes multimedia resources, such as an Interactive Map Viewer and links to a CSDMS (Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System), an open-source platform for modelers to share and link models dealing with earth system processes
PART I: GIS PRINCIPLES Section 1. Perspectives on GIS Section 2. Data capture and pre-processing Section 3. Data organization Section 4. Spatial data analysis Section 5. Data quality Section 6. Implementation and management
PART II: TECHNICAL DESIGNS OF GIS Section 7. Web and mobile GIS Section 8. Cyber infrastructure and GIS Section 9. Collaborative GIS Section 10. Virtual GIS . Temporal database; Dynamic visualization; 4D analysis
PART III: GIS APPLICATIONS III-1: GIS FOR BIO-PHYSICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS Section 12. GIS for land use/land cover Section 13. GIS for urban planning Section 14. GIS for transportation and logistics Section 15. GIS for natural hazard Section 16. GIS for emergency management Section 17. GIS for natural resource Section 18. GIS for atmospheric environment Section 19. GIS for hydrology Section 20. GIS for ecosystems Section 21. GIS for the oceans Section 22. GIS for climate change III-2: GIS FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS Section 23. GIS for history Section 24. GIS for business management Section 25. GIS for social science Section 26. GIS for public health Section 27. GIS for public safety Section 28. GIS for politics
Brian D. Fath is Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Towson University (MD, USA). He teaches courses in ecosystem ecology, environmental biology, networks, and human ecology and sustainability. Dr. Fath has also taught short-courses on ecological modelling in Portugal, Croatia, and Denmark. Since 2002, he is a regular summer research scientist at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Austria).
Dr. Fath graduated in 1990 from Miami University (OH) with degrees in Physics and Aeronautics. He completed an M.S. degree in Environmental Science at Ohio State University (1993) and earned a Ph.D. in Ecology from the University of Georgia in 1998. He was a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the University of Georgia (1998-2000) and the U.S. EPA in Cincinnati (2000-2001).
Dr. Fath researches system sustainability using ecological network analysis, integrated environmental assessment, and information theory. He has published research papers in Journal of Theoretical Biology, Ecological Modelling, Biosystems, Ecological Complexity, Environmental Modelling and Software, and Ecosystems. He has co-authored the book A New Ecology: Systems Perspective. Professional Service includes: Associate Editor for the journal Ecological Modelling (since 2005), Associate Editor-in-chief for the Encyclopedia of Ecology, President, North American Chapter of International Society for Ecological Modelling (since 2006), Editorial Board, The Scientific World Journal (2001-present), Editorial Board, International Journal of Ecodynamics (2004-present), Board of Directors, International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (2004-present), Baltimore County Commission on Environmental Quality (2005-present).