Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance. Edition No. 2

  • ID: 4519400
  • Book
  • 1024 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance: Muscle Building, Endurance and Strength, Second Edition, includes comprehensive sections on the role of nutrition in human health, various types of physical exercises, including cardiovascular training, resistance training, aerobic and anaerobic exercises, bioenergetics and energy balance, and the nutritional requirements associated with each. Other sections cover sports and nutritional requirements, the molecular mechanisms involved in muscle building, an exhaustive review of various foods, minerals, supplements, phytochemicals, amino acids, transition metals, competition training, healthy cooking, physical training, and lifestyle and dietary recommendations for sports performance.

This updated edition includes new chapters on mood, alertness, calmness and psychomotor performance in sports, extreme sports, natural myostatin inhibitor and lean body mass, the benefits of caffeine in sport nutrition formulations, the role of vitamin D in athletic performance, probiotics and muscle mass.

  • Provides a comprehensive appraisal of the nutritional benefits of exercise in human health
  • Compiles chapters reviewing the nutritional prophylaxis in human health
  • Addresses performance enhancement drugs and sports supplements
  • Presents various types of physical exercises and addresses exercise and nutritional requirements in special populations
  • Discusses sports nutrition and the molecular mechanisms involved in muscle building
  • Contains an exhaustive review of various food, minerals, supplements, phytochemicals, amino acids, transition metals, small molecules and other ergogenic agents
  • Highlights the aspects of healthy cooking, physical training, lifestyle and dietary recommendations for sports performance
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Section 1. NUTRITION AND HUMAN HEALTH 1. Nutritional Supplementation in Sports Nutrition and Health 2. Glycemic Index, Carbohydrate and Fat Metabolism, Food Exchange Values and Exercise Performance 3. Performance Enhancement Drugs and Sports Supplements for Resistance Training

Section 2. EXERCISE AND HUMAN HEALTH 4. Physical Exercise and Cardiovascular Health 5. Resistance Training and Physical Exercise in Human Health 6. Psychology and Exercise 7. Mood, Alertness, Calmness and Psychomotor Performance in Sports 8. Bone Health, Bone Mineral Density and Sports Performance 9. The Immune Response to Exercise: Effects on Cellular Mobilization, Immune Function and Muscle Regeneration

Section 3. SPORTS NUTRITION 10. Vegetarian Athletes 11. Nutrition in Combat Sports 12. Sumo Wrestling: An Overview 13. Bioenergetics of Cyclic Sport Activities on Land: Walking, Running and Cycling 14. Bioenergetics of Cyclic Sport Activities in Water: Swimming, Rowing and Kayaking 15. Performance Enhancement Drugs and Sports Supplements: A Review of the Evidence 16. Nutrition and Ultra Endurance: An Overview 17. An Overview of Doping in Sports 18. Nutrition in Paralympics 19. Extreme Sports: An Overview

Section 4 MOLECULAR MECHANISMS 20. Role of Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) in Muscle Growth 21. Stress Proteins and Heat Shock Proteins: Role in Muscle Building and Sports Nutrition 22. The Anabolic and Catabolic Signaling Pathways that Regulate Skeletal Muscle Mass 23. Muscle Growth, Repair and Preservation: A Mechanistic Approach 24. Role of Nitric Oxide in Sports Nutrition 25. Blood Rheology, Blood Flow and Human Health 26. Genetic Aspects of Sprint, Strength, and Power Performance 27. Unraveling the function of skeletal muscle as a secretory organ: Roles of Myokines in Muscle Regulation Natural Myostain Inhibitor and Lean Body Mass

Section 5 MINERALS AND SUPPLEMENTS IN MUSCLE BUILDING 28. The role of Testosterone in Nutrition and Sports
An Overview 29. ?-Hydroxyisocaproic acid (HICA) - Effects on Body Composition, Muscle Soreness, Athletic Performance and Molecular Biomarkers 30. Carbohydrate and Glycogen Metabolism: Training and Dietary Influences and Their Impact on Performance and Recovery 31. Benefits of Caffeine in Sport Nutrition Formulations 32. Adaptogens with a Special Emphasis on Withania Somnifera and Rhodiola rosea 33. Anabolic Training Response and Clinical Implications 34. Requirements of Protein, Carbohydrates and Fats for Athletes 35. Role of Vitamin D in Athletic Performance 36. Probiotics and Muscle Mass 37. An Overview on Essential Amino Acids, Branched Chain Amino Acids 38. Roles of Ketogenic and Thermogenic Diets in Sports Nutrition 39. Water, Hydration and Sports Drink 40. Physiological Basis for Creatine Supplementation in Skeletal Muscle 41. Mechanisms Governing Creatine Absorption and Distribution 42. An Overview of Carnitine 43. An Overview of Muscle Strength 44. An Overview of Ornithine, Arginine and Citrulline in Exercise and Sports Nutrition 45. An Overview on Glycine-Arginine-?-Ketoisocaproic Acid (GAKIC) in Sports Nutrition 46. L-Arginine and L-Citrulline in Sports Nutrition and Health 47. Roles of Chromium(III), Vanadium, Iron and Zinc in Sports Nutrition 48. An Overview on Beta-Hydroxy-Beta-Methylbutyrate (HMB) Supplementation in Skeletal Muscle Function and Sports Performance 49. Ursolic Acid and Maslinic Acid: Novel Candidates for Counteracting Muscle Loss and Enhancing Muscle Growth 50. Eicosahexanoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexanoic acid (DHA) in Sports Performance 51. Human Performance and Sports Applications of Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia)

Section 6 COMPETITION PERFORMANCES 52. How a Coach Trains and Prepares His Team for Upcoming Sports Performance

Section 7 HEALTHY COOKING, PHYSICAL TRAINING, LIFESTYLE AND DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS 53. Nutrition and Dietary Recommendations for Muscle Building and Body Builders 54. Healthy Cooking: An Overview 55. Seeing Through the Illusion of Marketing Claims of Dietary Supplements 56. Lifestyle Recommendations for Optimal Sports Performance

Section 8 CONCLUDING REMARKS Commentary

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Bagchi, Debasis
Debasis Bagchi, PhD, MACN, CNS, MAIChE, received his Ph.D. in Medicinal Chemistry in 1982. He is a Professor in the Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Houston, TX, and Chief Scientific Officer at Cepham Research Center, Piscataway, NJ, Adjunct Faculty in Texas Southern University, Houston, TX. He served as the Senior Vice President of Research & Development of InterHealth Nutraceuticals Inc, Benicia, CA, from 1998 until Feb 2011, and then as Director of Innovation and Clinical Affairs, of Iovate Health Sciences, Oakville, ON, until June 2013. Dr. Bagchi received the Master of American College of Nutrition Award in October 2010. He is the Past Chairman of International Society of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods (ISNFF), Past President of American College of Nutrition, Clearwater, FL, and Past Chair of the Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Division of Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), Chicago, IL. He is serving as a Distinguished Advisor on the Japanese Institute for Health Food Standards (JIHFS), Tokyo, Japan. Dr. Bagchi is a Member of the Study Section and Peer Review Committee of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD. He has published 321 papers in peer reviewed journals, 30 books, and 18 patents. Dr. Bagchi is also a Member of the Society of Toxicology, Member of the New York Academy of Sciences, Fellow of the Nutrition Research Academy, and Member of the TCE stakeholder Committee of the Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH. He is also Associate Editor for the Journal of Functional Foods, Journal of the American College of Nutrition, and the Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research, and is also serving as Editorial Board Member of numerous peer reviewed journals, including Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, Cancer Letters, Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods, and The Original Internist, among others.
Nair, Sreejayan
Dr. Sreejayan Nair is a Professor of Pharmacology and the Associate Dean for Research in the School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, University of Wyoming. He also serves as the Director of the interdisciplinary Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program in the University of Wyoming. Dr. Nair earned his bachelors, masters and PhD degree in Pharmaceutical Sciences from the College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal, India. He received his post-doctoral trainings at the Department of Medicine-II, Ludwig Maximillians University, Klinikum Grosshadern, Munich, Germany, and at the Department of Physiology, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, TN. His research interests are diabetes and cardiovascular disease. He has published over 75 research papers in peer-reviewed journals and presented at various national and international conferences. His research has been funded by the American Heart Association, American Diabetes Association, and the National Institutes of Health. He has co-edited three books related to diabetes and cardiovascular disease. He is a Fellow of the American College of Nutrition.
Sen, Chandan K.
Dr. Chandan K Sen is a tenured Professor of Surgery, Executive Director of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Wound Center and Director of the Ohio State University's Center for Regenerative Medicine & Cell Based Therapies. He is also the Associate Dean for Research at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. After completing his Masters of Science in Human Physiology from the University of Calcutta, Dr. Sen received his PhD in Physiology from the University of Kuopio in Finland. Dr. Sen trained as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California at Berkeley's Molecular and Cell Biology department. His first faculty appointment was in the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California. In fall of 2000, Dr. Sen moved to The Ohio State University where established a program on tissue injury and repair. Currently, Dr. Sen is a Professor and Vice Chair of Research of Surgery. Dr. Sen serves on the editorial board of numerous scientific journals. He is the Editor in Chief of Antioxidants & Redox Signaling(www.liebertpub.com/ars) with a current impact factor of 8.456. He is the Section Editor of microRNA of Physiological Genomics, a journal of the American Physiological Society. Dr. Sen and his team have published over 250 scientific publications. He has a H-index of 64 and is currently cited 2000 times every year.
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