With climate change, flash floods are multiplying and intensifying in various regions of the world and especially in the Mediterranean. Motorists are particularly vulnerable to these violent and difficult to predict events. Thus, half of the flood victims concern people surprised by their daily mobility, going to work or going to pick up their children at school. There is therefore a challenge to better understand how population movements are exposed to these phenomena. The aim of this book is to first provide a summary of the interdisciplinary work done over the past ten years on the exposure of daily mobility. This cannot be done without taking into consideration how these mobilities have evolved with the reorganization of spaces over long time. Residential mobility, the way in which the occupation of the flood zones evolves with time and the resulting immobile exposure are thus also at the heart of this work. In the face of recrudescence and the intensification of fast floods, we seek to understand how the interaction of hydro-meteorological, social and development dynamics combine to bring about an improvement or, on the contrary, a worsening of both mobile and immobile exposure. One of our hypotheses is that each event constitutes a more or less significant trigger of adaptation actions at different scales. We rely on different fields and studies conducted in the South East of France and more broadly on the Mediterranean basin to answer these questions and verify these hypotheses.
Volume 1: Exposure of residential and daily mobilities in extreme hydrometeorological situation
- Provides a synthesis of interdisciplinary work on the exposure of daily mobilities
- Establishes a diagram of the evolution of the flood zones and the immobile exposure
- Finds the cause and effect of these phenomena
- Conducts studies to answer these questions and verify these hypotheses
Part 1: How to deal with mobilities in the face of fast floods? 1. Specifics of rapid flood forecasting 2. Analyze the exposure of residential mobility: methodological guide 3. Scales of analysis 4. Contribution of simulation / modeling for the understanding of spatio-temporal dynamics of mobilities
Part 2: What socio-hydro-meteorological dynamics? 5. When going to work becomes dangerous! 6. Singular experiences of fast floods and generic representations of the flood 7. Build in a flood zone 8. Evolution of land use in flood zones
Teacher and researcher in the University Grenoble Alpes since 2001, I am a social scientist working on spatiotemporal responses facing extreme natural events and climate change. With a background in sociology (undergraduate) and geography (master and PhD), I'm involved since more than 20 years in interdisciplinary research with environmental scientists regarding extreme natural event. I'm particularly interested in social dynamic exposure and social adaptation to earthquakes, flash floods and effects of climate change.
As a complement of this orientation, my recent works are more focused on interactions between researchers and operationals in risk and climate change domains. I have had the opportunity to join the University of Oklahoma for six month on this topic in 2013. Since 2014, I'm co-managing an intermediation plateform at regional scale, Ouranos AuRA, facilitating connections between stakeholders and researchers concerning regional effects of climate change, particularly in mountains.
Research fellow in the University Grenoble Alpes, I am a sociologist of the environment. I am interested in the study of environmental issues in general and in the study of "human - nature" relationships in particular and beyond nature/culture dualism. More specifically, I work on relations between human and extreme weather and climate change issue.
With a background in psychology (undergraduate), geography (master) and sociologie (PhD), I'm involved since 10 years in interdisciplinary research on natural hasards. After a thesis on flood risk culture, I worked 4 years (post-doctorate position) in a research project on "Residential and routine mobility dynamics and weather extremes under changing climate" (Mobiclimex project, ANR, France). Currently, I work in an other research project on "Political experiences of climate change". I'm studying the practices and experiential knowledge of environmental changes of mountain practitioners (in Ecrins french national park).
At the same time, with 3 others researchers I contribute to create an intermediation plateform at regional scale (Occitanie, South-Est of France) to facilitate connections between stakeholders and researchers concerning regional effects of climate change; on the model of others existing organizations (Ouranos in Quebec, Ouranos-AuRA or Grec-Paca in France).