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Lithospheric Discontinuities. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 4544353
  • Book
  • January 2019
  • 224 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A multidisciplinary update on continental plate tectonics and plate boundary discontinuities

Understanding the origin and evolution of the continental crust continues to challenge Earth scientists. Lithospheric Discontinuities offers a multidisciplinary review of fine scale layering within the continental lithosphere to aid the interpretation of geologic layers. Once Earth scientists can accurately decipher the history, internal dynamics, and evolution of the continental lithosphere, we will have a clearer understanding of how the crust formed, how plate tectonics began, and how our continents became habitable.

Volume highlights:

  • Theories and observations of the current state of tectonic boundaries and discontinuities
  • Contributions on field observations, laboratory experiments, and geodynamic predictions from leading experts in the field
  • Mantle fabrics in response to various mantle deformation processes
  • Insights on fluid distribution using geophysical observations, and thermal and viscosity constraints from dynamic modeling
  • Discontinuities associated with lithosphere and lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary
  • An integrated study of the evolving physical and chemical processes associated with lithosphere asthenosphere interaction

Written for academic and researchgeoscientists, particularly in the field of tectonophysics, geophysicists, geodynamics, seismology, structural geology, environmental geology, and geoengineering, Lithospheric Discontinuities is a valuable resource that sheds light on the origin and evolution of plate interaction processes.

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Chapter 1: Introduction lithospheric discontinuities
Huaiyu Yuan and Barbara Romanowicz

Chapter 2: On the origin of the upper mantle seismic discontinuities
Shun–ichiro Karato and Jeffrey Park

Chapter 3: The Evolution of the Oceanic Lithosphere: An Electromagnetic Perspective,
Rob. L. Evans, Emily Sarafian, and Adam R. Sarafian

Chapter 4: Lithospheric and asthenospheric structure below oceans from anisotropic tomography
Jean–Paul Montagner and Gael Burgos

Chapter 5: Seismic Imaging of the Ocean Plates
Catherine A. Rychert, Nick Harmon, and Saikiran Tharimena

Chapter 6: Electrical discontinuities in the continental lithosphere imaged with magnetotellurics
Kate Selway

Chapter 7: A lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary – a global model derived from multi–mode surface wave tomography
Keith Priestley, Dan McKenzie, and Tak Ho

Chapter 8: Frayed edges of cratonic mantle keels: Thermal diffusion timescales and their predicted imprint on mantle–velocity structure
David W. Eaton, Xuewei Bao and Claire Perry

Chapter 9: Perspectives of the S–receiver function method to image upper mantle discontinuities
Rainer Kind and Xiaohui Yuan

Chapter 10: Continental lithospheric layering from the novel seismic daylight imaging beneath stable, modified and destructed cratons
Weijia Sun, Brian Kennett, Liang Zhao, and Li–Yun Fu

Chapter 11: Cratonic Lithosphere Discontinuities: Dynamics of Small–Volume Melting, Meta–Cratonisation and a Possible Role for Brines
Sonja Aulbach

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Huaiyu Yuan
Barbara Romanowicz
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