Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion. Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry

  • ID: 4593666
  • Book
  • 250 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion is a thorough resource for researchers, students and professors who investigate the use of biomass for fuels, chemicals and products. Advanced analytical chemistry methods and techniques can now provide detailed compositional and chemical measurements of biomass, biomass conversion process streams, intermediates and products. This volume from the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, brings together the current knowledge on each of them, including spectroscopic methods (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Near-infrared Spectroscopy, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), pyrolysis (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry), Liquid Chromatography/High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, and so on.

Authors David C. Dayton and Thomas D. Foust show how these can be used for measuring biomass composition and for determining the composition of intermediates with regard to subsequent processing for biofuels, bio-chemicals and bio-based products.

  • Covers the broad range of techniques and applications that have been developed and perfected in the last decade
  • Highlights specific analyses required for understanding biomass conversion to select intermediates
  • Provides references to seminal books, review articles and technical articles that go into greater depth, serving as a basis for further study
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1. Introduction
2. Biomass Characterization
3. Biomass Conversion
4. Analytical Methods in Biochemical Conversion
5. Analytical Methods in Thermochemical Conversion
6. Analytical Methods in Hybrid Technologies
7. Techno-Economics of Advanced Biofuels Processes
8. Lifecycle Assessments of Advanced Biofuels Processes
9. Biomass Oxygenates for Advanced Engines
10. Remaining Challenges
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Dayton, David C.
David C. Dayton, PhD, is a Fellow in Chemistry in the Department of Energy Technology at RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA. He is an expert in alternative fuels that can be used to create cleaner, cost-effective sources of energy. A physical chemist, Dr. Dayton has more than 25 years of project management and research experience in R&D projects focused on biomass thermochemical conversion processes used to create cost-effective biofuels.Dr. Dayton leads projects with the objective of developing advanced biofuels technology that has taken laboratory studies to the pilot plant scale, converting 1 ton per day of biomass-such as wood chips and switchgrass-into a petroleum replacement known as biocrude. He and his team are working to upgrade the biocrude to transportation fuel (gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel) using a process routinely used in the petroleum refining industry. The goal is to maximize carbon efficiency and reduce overall hydrogen demand. In this way, Dr. Dayton hopes to produce these bio-based fuels for less than $3 a gallon to be cost-competitive with conventional petroleum-based fuels. Previously, Dr. Dayton was the technical leader of the Thermochemical Platform at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, where he managed biomass thermochemical conversion projects for the U.S. Department of Energy.
Foust, Thomas D.
Thomas D. Foust, PhD, is the Executive Director of the National Advanced Biofuels Consortium (NABC). The NABC is comprised of 17 organizations representing national laboratories, universities, and industry that are leaders in the advanced biofuels field. Prior to recently taking on this role, he was the Biofuels Research Director at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In this role he guided and directed NREL's research efforts to develop biomass conversion technology to fuels via biochemical and thermochemical conversion routes as well as critical research areas addressing the sustainability of biofuels. This research focused on developing the necessary science and technology for converting biomass to biofuels in an economical and environmentally sustainable manner.
Dr. Foust is an internationally recognized expert in the biofuels field. His areas of expertise include feedstock production, biomass conversion technologies to fuels, and environmental and societal sustainability issues associated with biofuels. He has over 20 years of research and research management experience specializing in biomass feedstocks and conversion research. He has over 100 publications in the biomass field covering all aspects of biofuels technology.
Dr. Foust has a PhD in Mechanical Engineering and a ME in Mechanical Engineering from the Johns Hopkins University, and a BS in Mechanical Engineering from the Pennsylvania State University. He is a licensed Professional Engineer.
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