Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat: GeoHab Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats, Second Edition provides an updated synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats. This new edition includes new case studies from all geographic areas and habitats that were not included in the previous edition, including the Arctic, Asia, Africa and South America. Using multibeam sonar, the benthic ecology of submarine features, such as fjords, sand banks, coral reefs, seamounts, canyons, mud volcanoes and spreading ridges is revealed in unprecedented detail. This timely release offers new understanding for researchers in Marine Biodiversity, environmental managers, ecologists, and more.
- Explores the relationships between seabed geomorphology, oceanography and biology
- Provides global case studies which directly focus on habitats, including both biological and physical data
- Describes ways to detect change in the marine environment (change in the condition of benthic habitats), a critical aspect for judging the performance of policies and legislation
Part I: Introduction 1. Why Map Benthic Habitats? Peter Townsend Harris and Elaine Baker 2. Habitat Mapping and Marine Management Peter Townsend Harris and Elaine Baker 3. Anthropogenic Threats to Benthic Habitats Peter Townsend Harris and Elaine Baker 4. Biogeography, Benthic Ecology, and Habitat Classification Schemes Peter Townsend Harris and Elaine Baker 5. Surrogacy Peter Townsend Harris and Elaine Baker 6. Seafloor Geomorphology-Coast, Shelf, and Abyss Peter Townsend Harris and Elaine Baker
Part II: Case Studies 7. Characterization of worm reefs (Sabellaria vulgaris) in Delaware Bay, USA Stephanie Dohner and Arthur Trembanis 8. Benthic habitat mapping in a shallow tropical bay: the Itaparica channel
eastern Brazil Paloma Passos Avena 9. Seafloor morphology and habitats of tidal channels in the Venice Lagoon, Italy Tidal channel habitats Fantina Madricardo 10. An Integrated Seafloor Habitat Map to Inform Marine Spatial Planning and Management: A Case Study from Long Island Sound (Northwest Atlantic) Peter J. Auster 11. Epibenthic Marine Habitat Mapping in a Tropical Bay: Todos Os Santos Bay Eastern Brazil Renato Guimarães Oliveira 12. Physical Oceanographic Drivers of Geomorphology of Rhodolith/Maerl Beds in Galway Bay, Ireland Siddhi Joshi 13. Seabed habitats of the Bay of Fundy, Atlantic Canada Craig John Brown, Brian Todd and Myriam Lacharité 14. A Dynamic Bedforms Habitat for the Forage Fish Pacific Sand Lance, San Juan Islands, WA USA H. Gary Greene 15. The eastern Gulf of Finland
brackish water estuary under natural conditions and anthropogenic stress Daria Ryabchuk 16. Geomorphic features and benthic habitats of a subarctic fjard: Okak Bay, Nunatsiavut, Labrador Tanya Brown 17. Sponge reefs on the NE Pacific Margin: Geomorphic and Biological Variability Kim Conway 18. Habitat Mapping in the fjords of the Chilean Patagonia using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Karen Boswarva 19. The inland deep-sea
Benthic biotopes in the Sognefjord Lene Buhl-Mortensen 20. Geomorphology, benthos and habitats in the Primeiras and Segundas Environmental Protected Area, Mozambique Luisa Teixeira 21. Distribution of seagrass communities north of Barcelona, Northwestern Mediterranean Sea Miquel Canals 22. Inner shelf habitat surrounding the Kapiti Marine Reserve, New Zealand Geoffroy Lamarche, Alix Laferriere, Shane Wallace Geange, Jonathan Gardner and Arne Pallentin 23. Marine landscapes and habitats of Cilento Geopark (Italy) - Linking geo- and bio-diversity using a multi-scalar approach Silvana D'Angelo 24. Fine-scale seabed habitats off Capri Island, southern Italy Crescenzo Violante 25. Winnowed gravel lag deposits between sandbanks in the German North Sea Svenja Papenmeier and Claudia Propp 26. Benthic community structure at a remote temperate rocky reef in the Gulf of Maine, Cashes Ledge Jay Calvert 27. Continental Shelf Habitats Off a Large South American Metropolis: Salvador City, Eastern Brazil Renata Cardia Rebouças 28. Temperate rocky reef on the southeast Australian continental shelf Timothy Colin Ingleton 29. Geomorphology and microhabitats of large, isolated, immobile bedforms in the Great South Channel, Northwest Atlantic Ocean Massimo Di Stefano 30. Submerged Reefs in the Abrolhos Shelf: Morphology and Habitat Distribution Alex Bastos 31. Coral Reefs in Fatu Huku Island, Marquesas Archipelago, French Polynesia Antoine Collin 32. Carbonate Banks and Terraces of the Oceanic Shoals Marine Park region, Northern Australia Rachel Przeslawski 33. Reefs distribution and inter reef sedimentation on Tamandaré continental shelf, NE-Brazil Vanessa C. Fontes, Moab P. Gomes, Helenice Vital, Beatrice P. Ferreira, Mauro Maida 34. Nature and condition of outer shelf habitats on the drowned Açu Reef, NE Brazil Gomes, M.P.; Vital, H.; Nascimento Silva, L.L.; Eichler, P.B.; Rovira, D.; Longo, G.O. 35. Seabed Character and Associated Habitats of an Equatorial Tropical Shelf: The Rio Grande do Norte Shelf, Northeast Brazil Helenice Vital, Tatiana Silva Leite, Marina Gomes Viana, Patrícia Pinheiro Beck Eichler, Diêgo de Oliveira Batista, Moab Praxedes Gomes, João Paulo Ferreira da Silva, André Giskard Aquino da Silva, and Simone Nunes Brandãoital 36. Characterizing Benthic Habitats in two Marine Protected Areas on the West Florida Shelf Jennifer Lynne Brizzolara 37. Substrate mapping to inform ecosystem science and marine spatial planning around the Main Hawaiian Islands Dayton Dove 38. Dropstones on a glaciated continental shelf as key habitat, Sabrina Shelf, East Antarctica Alexandra Louise Post 39. Geomorphological and habitat mapping of the glaciated shelf (the Velikaya Salma Strait of the Kandalaksha Gulf of the White Sea, Russia) Yana Terekhina and Tatiana Repkina 40. Seafloor geomorphology and benthic habitat of the German Bank glaciated shelf, Atlantic Canada Craig John Brown, Brian Todd and Myriam Lacharité 41. Geomorphic features and benthos in a deep glacial trough in Atlantic Canada Craig John Brown, Myriam Lacharité and Brian Todd 42. Submarine sedimentary bedforms and benthos surrounding the Heard and McDonald Islands World Heritage Site Sally J. Watson 43. Geomorphic Features And Associated Habitats Of The Patagonian Continental Margin, Southwestern AtlanticGeomorphic Features And Associated Habitats Of The Patagonian Continental Margin, Southwestern Atlantic Dulce Mata 44. Fine-scale habitat characterization of The Gully, the Flemish Cap and the Orphan Knoll, Northwest Atlantic, with a focus on cold-water corals Vincent Lecours 45. Characterization of the geomorphology and biotopes of the Háfadjúp canyon system, south Iceland Julian Mariano Burgos 46. Continental shelf, canyons and pockmark fields in the southeastern Bay of Biscay Ibon Galpasoro 47. The geomorphology and biology of a submarine canyon system incising Ireland's shelf edge in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean David TP O'Sullivan 48. Tricase Submarine Canyon: cold-water coral habitats in the south-westernmost Apulian margin (Mediterranean Sea) Mariacristina Prampolini and Lorenzo Angeletti 49. Cold-water coral habitat in the Bari Canyon System, Southern Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea) Mariacristina Prampolini 50. Benthic Habitats of a Mud Volcano Associated with the Queen Charlotte Transform Margin Along Northern British Columbia, Canada and Southern Alaska, USA H. Gary Greene and Vaughn Barrie 51. Geomorphic features, main habitats and associated biota on and around the newly formed Tagoro submarine volcano, Canary Islands Ana Sotomayor and Jose Rueda 52. Habitat distribution and associated biota in different geomorphic features within a fluid venting area of the Gulf of Cádiz (South Western Iberian Peninsula, NE Atlantic Ocean) Pablo Lozano and Jose Rueda 53. New evidence to support the distribution of dense hydrocoral-sponge communities along George V slope, East Antarctica Jodie Smith 54. Chemosynthetic seep communities triggered by seabed slumping off of northern Papua New Guinea David Tappin 55. Near-pristine benthic habitats on the Francesc Pagès Bank, Alboran Sea, western Mediterranean Claudio Lo Iacono 56. Application of the Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard to Gosnold Seamount, North Atlantic Ocean Derek C. Sowers 57. Deep Sea Benthic Communities on Northwest Atlantic Seamounts Les Watling and Abby Lapointe 58. Manganese Nodule Fields from the NE Pacific as Benthic Habitats Thomas Kuhn 59. Geomorphology and benthic habitats of the Kermadec Trench, SW Pacific Ocean Heather Ann Stewart
Part III: Synthesis 60. GeoHab Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats: Synthesis and Lessons Learned Peter Townsend Harris and Elaine Baker
I joined GRID-Arendal as Managing Director in 2014. I am a native of the USA, citizen of Australia and resident of Norway; I describe myself as a "professional foreigner. I am a graduate of the University of Washington (Seattle USA), completed a PhD at the University of Wales (Swansea UK), married an Australian and have 3 children.
I have worked in the field of marine geology and science management for over 30 years and published over 100 scientific papers. I taught marine geology at the University of Sydney and conducted research on UK estuaries, the Great Barrier Reef, the Fly River Delta (Papua New Guinea) and Antarctica. I worked for 20 years for Australia's national geoscience agency as a scientist and manager. In 2009 I was appointed a member of the group of experts for the United Nations World Ocean Assessment. Apart from managing all of GRID-Arendal's amazing activities, my interests include new methods for the conduct of environmental assessments (the expert elicitation method) and the use of multivariate statistics and geomorphology to provide tools to manage the global ocean environment. I also enjoy sailing and playing the bagpipes.
Baker, Elaine K.
Elaine holds the inaugural UNESCO Chair in Marine Science at the University of Sydney and is the Director of the University's Marine Studies Institute. Professor Baker is also the Director of the GRID-Arendal office (an official collaborating centre of UNEP) at the University.
Elaine is intersested in making real world impact - taking the ideas and inspiration of the university beyond acedemia to help solve some of our biggest problems. She has worked on developing policy recomendations to deal with the growing burden of waste, how to make waste-water pay its own way, how to change the face of mining so it includes people and the planet alongside profit and why our coastal ecosystems are worth more alive than dead.
Over the last 10 years Elaine has been working with partners in Australia and Norway on a project that is redrawing the map of the world - to date assisting more than 60 developing coastal states in their efforts to prepare submissions to the United Nations, for what is known as extended continental shelf. This process, when complete, will establish the outer limits of marine jurisdiction for eligible coastal states, helping to finalise global maritime boundaries. A recent milestone in the project was the joint submission for extended continental shelf made by seven West African coastal states. Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Cabo Verde and Sierra Leone joined together in an historic collaboration, to make a single submission for a large area of marine territory.
In the Pacific Professor Baker is a co-founder of the Pacific Maritime Boundaries collaboration, which includes the University of Sydney, GRID- Arendal, SOPAC/SPC, Geoscience Australia, the Pacific Forum Fisheries Association, the Australian Attorney Generals Department, the Commonwealth Secretariat and 14 Pacific Islands States. Since 2008 scientific, technical and diplomatic personnel have been meeting twice a year at the University to prepare claims for extended continental shelf under article 76 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and more recently to negotiate and prepare national legislation for shared maritime boundaries.
The boundaries projects, known collectively as the Shelf Programme, is building on these successes to develop other initiatives that support sustainable livilihoods along side good ocean governance.