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From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment

  • ID: 4894800
  • Book
  • April 2020
  • 524 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment: Recent Developments, New Trends, Advances, and Opportunities provides an overview on the biological tools used for the treatment of the gaseous fluxes, with emphasis on traditional and perspective options, opening new horizons for research and implementation in practice. It is known that air pollution is an emergent global issue and a priority within the international environmental programs. Moreover, technologies based on biological methods are significantly contributing to the sustainable development concept. Thus this book provides tools for solving air pollution issues in a sustainable manner. These issues can be solved at different levels (e.g., "end-of-pipe" gaseous streams, indoor/outdoor air, closed environments), which can be approached by the different biotechniques presented in the book, from classical biofiltration techniques (part 1) to phytotreatment and microalgae-based techniques (part 2). Although all options have their particularities that make them special for certain applications, a special attention is drawn to the potential of the last one, which offers multiple possibilities for biomass valorization. Scientists from worldwide with relevant experience in their field have been contributed to the development of this book.

  • Presents the main biotechnological aspects applied for gas purification, focusing on process understanding, limitations, and capability in different applications
  • Promotes a sustainable future of the biofiltration process by enhancing their performance together with the simultaneously economic and environmental impacts
  • Implements new aspects of scientific research and development in the field

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Part 1. Biological Treatment of Gaseous Streams: Attached and Suspended Biomass Units Part 1.1. Benchmark aspects on biological removal of contaminants from gaseous streams 1. Current challenges and perspectives in gas fluxes biotreatment 2. Biofilters versus bioscrubbers and biotrickling filters: state of the art of biological air treatment 3. Determination of biofilters performances 4. Porous media models for packed-bed characterization 5. Life cycle assessment of biofiltration

Part 1.2. Alternatives for gas treatment 6. High-performance biofilters for air treatment applications 7. Biofiltration of VOCs and PAHs 8. Biogas treatment for H2S, CO2 and other contaminants removal 9. Industrial biofilter case studies

Part 2. Biological Treatment of Gaseous Streams: Phytoremediation and Microalgae Approaches Part 2.1. Phytosystems for air quality enhancement 10. Particularities of indoor air biotreatment 11. Plant physiological mechanisms of air treatment 12. Plant-microbe interaction within phytosystems used for air treatment 13. Technological aspects of the removal of air pollutants by phytosystems 14. Phytosystems implementation: examples of application in practice

Part 2.2. Microalgae-based approaches 15. Microalgae with potential in air treatment 16. Microalgae photobioreactors for gaseous contaminants removal 17. Microalgae-based biomass production for control of air pollutants 18. CO2 capture from CO2
rich gases by microalgae 19. A model microalgae for addressing air treatment in spacecrafts 20. Microalgae for combined air revitalization and biomass production for space applications

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Soreanu, Gabriela
Dr. Gabriela Soreanu is a lecturer at "Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University of Iasi, Romania, with a PhD in Chemical Engineering from the same university (2001). She has two postdoctoral stages in gas biotreatment field in Canada (Environment Canada, Burlington, ON, 2004-07; Université de Sherbrooke, QC, 2002-03) and currently is director of BIO-MARS project (Sustainable Biochemical Method for Air Revitalisation in Spacecrafts), R&D Program for Space Technology and Advanced Research-STAR, funded by Romanian Space Agency. Her scientific portfolio includes books/chapters (7), articles (46), patents (3). Hirsch (h) = 13.
Dumont, Éric
Dr. Éric Dumont is an associate professor (University of Nantes, France) in the Department Energetic and Environmental Engineering (UMR CNRS 6144 GEPEA, IMT-Atlantique). He graduated in Chemical Engineering (engineer's degree) in 1994 from the University of Savoie, France, and then completed a PhD in Chemical Engineering at the University of Nantes, France, in 1999. His research focus is on the design, analysis and application of processes for the remediation of contaminated gases. Applications include treatment of odors, air toxics and biogas production. He is currently working on the development of bioprocesses and multiphase systems for the treatment of hydrophobic volatile organic compounds.
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