Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point.
Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains.
- Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices
- Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts
- Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation
Part 1 Introduction to sex estimation 1. A history of sex estimation of human skeletal remains 2. Practitioner preferences for sex estimation from human skeletal remains 3. Applications of sex estimation in paleoanthropology, bioarchaeology, and forensic anthropology 4. The confusion between biological sex and gender and potential implications of misinterpretations 5. Effect of sex misclassification on the skeletal biological profile
Part 2 Methods for sex estimation Section A Morphological 6. Pelvis morphology 7. Adult sex estimation from cranial morphoscopic traits 8. Analyses of the postcranial skeleton for sex estimation 9. Parturition markers and skeletal sex estimation Section B Metric 10. Dentition in the estimation of sex 11. Metric methods for estimating sex utilizing the pelvis 12. Sexual dimorphism variation in Fordisc samples Section C Statistics & databases 13. Statistical and machine learning approaches to sex estimation 14. Subadult sex estimation 15. DSP: A probabilistic approach to sex estimation free from population specificity using os coxae measurements 16. MorphoPASSE: Morphological pelvis and skull sex estimation program
Part 3 Current considerations/topics 17. Factors of population variation in sex estimation methodology 18. Secular change 19. The effects of skeletal asymmetry on accurate sex classification 20. Cognitive bias in sex estimation: The influence of context on forensic decision-making 21. Sex determination using DNA and its impact on biological anthropology 22. The application of medical imaging to the anthropological estimation of sex
Dr. Alexandra R. Klales is Director of the Forensic Anthropology Program and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology & Anthropology at Washburn University. She currently conducts forensic anthropological casework in Kansas and is working towards board certification. She is currently an Associate Member of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Anthropology section). Her research includes improving biological profile methods, fatal fire recoveries, 3D imaging, and statistical methods in forensic anthropology. She is currently PI (sex estimation database) and Co-PI (sub-adult sex and age estimation) on two National Institute of Justice Grants examining sex estimation and the biological profile. She teaches courses on forensic science, forensic anthropology, and human skeletal biology.