Ocean Currents of the World: Physical Drivers in a Changing World opens with an introduction to ocean currents, covering basic principles of cause and effect, measurement and modeling, etc. The book is made up of a sequence of chapters covering distinct aspects of contrasting ocean currents: broad and slow, deep and shallow, narrow and swift, large-scale and small-scale, low latitudes and high latitudes, and moving in horizontal and vertical planes. Through this approach, the authors cover a range of applications, from local to global, with considerable geographical context. Each chapter concludes with an assignment and accompanying resource, thus helping readers apply the information.
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basic principles of cause and effect, measurement and modelling tools, etc.
2. Global gyres/Ekman drift
slow background flows and evolution/plastics/volcanic pumice/tsunami debris
3. Global western boundary currents and life
swift flows and marine life; dispersal of turtle hatchlings
4. Global eastern boundary currents and life
European Slope Current; Californian, Humboldt and Benguela Currents; links to upwelling and shifting ecosystems
5. Currents near the Equator and fast trans-basin flows
links to tropical climate variability (especially El Nino)
6. Connecting Oceans with upper ocean flows
Agulhas and Tasman leakage (connecting Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans)
7. Polar currents, icebergs and sea ice
the Antarctic Coastal Current and the Labrador Current (conveying icebergs); the East Greenland Current (and sea ice)
8. Connecting shallow (warm) and deep (cold) currents with climate
the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation; the global Conveyor Belt circulation
9. Seasonal flows in shallow shelf seas (around the world) and implications for pollution/biology
10. Indigenous (ancient) knowledge of ocean currents
e.g., colonisation of Australia, Polynesia
11. Utility of ocean currents for seafarers in recorded history
e.g., use of Gulf Stream for trans-Atlantic trade
12. Research Challenges and the Future
How might new technologies help us to develop a more complete understanding of ocean currents? How might currents change with climate, how might they change climate?
Professor Robert Marsh holds a Chair in Oceanography and Climate at the University of Southampton. With disciplinary expertise in Physical Oceanography, he has a wide range of experience across ocean and climate science, and specifically an in-depth knowledge of ocean currents. Examples of applied studies include the influences of ocean currents on sea turtle hatchlings, volcanic pumice and icebergs. He has extensive experience of undergraduate and postgraduate oceanography teaching, both in the classroom and in the field. He is lead or co-author of 76 peer-reviewed publications, with an h-index of 30 (Web of Science, October 2017).
Erik van Sebille Associate Professor in Oceanography, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
Dr Erik van Sebille is an Associate Professor in Oceanography at Utrecht University, investigating the time scales and pathways of the global ocean circulation. His research focuses on how ocean currents transport heat and nutrients, as well as marine organisms and plastics between different regions. He currently leads the "Tracking Of Plastic In Our Seas (TOPIOS) project, funded by European Research Council Starting Grant. He won the 2016 European Geosciences Union (EGU) Ocean Division Outstanding Young Scientist Award. He is lead or co-author of 69 peer-reviewed publications, with an h-index of 19 (Web of Science, October 2017).