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Clinical Laboratory Service Markets, 7th Edition

  • Report
  • 229 Pages
  • June 2022
  • Region: Global
  • Kalorama Information
  • ID: 5367416
Clinical Laboratory Services Market, 7th Edition provides an overview of the clinical laboratory industry and the trends driving growth. Included in the report are statistics influencing the industry, incidence of diseases in the U.S. and worldwide demographics, life expectancy, and company strategies. Information is presented as a global focused market report, with key regions discussed including:
  • North America (United States, Canada)
  • Europe, Middle East, and Africa - EMEA (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, Switzerland)
  • Asia Pacific (Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia)
  • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico)

The laboratory service market is also covered by specialty, including:

  • Essential and Routine Testing (clinical chemistry, hematology, coagulation, endocrinology)
  • Immunology and Microbiology Testing
  • Cytology and Histology Testing
  • Genetic Testing
  • Toxicology Testing (drugs of abuse)
  • COVID-19

A global market analysis by laboratory type is also displayed, including:

  • Independent and Reference Laboratories
  • Hospital-based Laboratories
  • Clinic-based Laboratories
Also included is a competitive analysis of leading clinical laboratory providers.

All market data pertains to the world market at the manufacturers’ level. The base year for data is 2021. Historical data is provided for the years 2011 through 2020, with forecast data provided for 2022 through 2026. Compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) are provided for the 2021-2026 periods for each segment covered. A U.S. competitive analysis is provided for the year 2021. The forecasted market analysis through 2026 was largely based on demographic trends, disease trends, new developments, company performance trends, mergers and acquisitions, and national expansion.

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Executive Summary
  • Industry at a Glance
  • Scope and Methodology
  • Global Market Overview
  • Table 1-1: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis, 2011-2026 (in millions of dollars at the manufacturer’s level)
  • Figure 1-1: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: 2011-2026
  • Key Issues and Trends Affecting the Market
  • Leading Market Participants
Chapter Two: Industry Overview
  • Clinical Laboratory Description
  • Figure 2-1: Hospital Length of Stay in Days (2018-2019 Average)
  • Number of Laboratory Health Workers by Country
  • Figure 2-2: Laboratory Health Workers by Country, 2010-2019 Average
  • The Largest Clinical Laboratory Market: The United States
  • Structure and Regulation in the U.S.
  • Certificate of Waiver
  • Table 2-1: Selected CLIA Waived Laboratory Tests
  • Certificate of Provider-Performed Microscopy Procedures (PPMP)
  • Table 2-2: Provider-Performed Microscopy Procedures
  • Certificate of Compliance and Certificate of Accreditation
  • Figure 2-3: Clinical Laboratory Certificate of Accreditation Issued by Organization (non-exempt laboratories only), May 2022
  • Table 2-3: Clinical Laboratory Certificates Issued by Type (non-exempt laboratories only), as of May 2022
  • Figure 2-4: Laboratory Certificate Trends by Application Type, July 2010- May 2022
  • States Exempt from Federal Clinical Laboratory Improvements Amendments (CLIA) of 1988
  • Table 2-4: CLIA Exempt States, Number of Laboratories, as of May 2022
  • Laboratory Developed Test Regulations
  • FDA
  • Directive 98/79/EC
  • Health Canada Changes and Forecasted Action
  • Payers and Reimbursement
  • Laboratory Service Payer Types
  • Table 2-5: U.S. Clinical Laboratory Revenues by Client and Payer Type (%), 2021
  • Figure 2-5: Clinical Laboratory Revenues by Client and Payer Type, 2021 Estimates
  • Trends in Medicare Reimbursement
  • Figure 2-6: Medicare Reimbursement Trends, Average Reimbursement for Clinical Laboratory Services, 2009 through 2021
  • Health Care Reform
  • Protecting Access to Medicare Act (PAMA) of 2014
  • Table 2-6: Proposed Clinical Diagnostic Laboratory Test Rates, 2020-2025
  • Impact of CARES Act on PAMA
  • Advanced Laboratory Tests (ADLT)
  • Table 2-7: List of Approved ADLTs, March 2022
  • Bundled Insurance Payments for ESRD Patients
  • Table 2-8: Laboratory Tests Subject to ESRD Consolidated Billing (CY 2022)
  • Commercial Insurance Providers
  • Table 2-9: National Commercial Insurance Provider List, 2021
  • Figure 2-7: National Commercial Insurance Providers by Membership and Total Revenues, 2021
  • Transparency in Pricing
  • Figure 2-8: Revenue and Test Volume Trends, Quest Diagnostics
  • Direct-to-Consumer Testing
  • Table 2-10: Select DTC Tests and Prices by Laboratory Service Provider (Quest Direct and Labcorp On Demand) 2022* (in US $)
  • DTC in Genetic Testing
  • Expanding Cancer Test Utilization and Technologies
  • Labcorp and QIAGEN Launch new Companion Diagnostic for Metastatic Breast Cancer Therapy
  • Labcorp Launches New Test for NSCLC
  • Labcorp Offers First FDA Test for Monitoring Residual Blood Cancer Cells
  • Labcorp Launches New Test for Skin Cancer
  • Quest Diagnostics Attention to Oncology
  • Quest Collaborates with GRAIL on Oncology
  • Quest Releases Companion Diagnostic
  • Quest Offers Biocept’s Liquid Biopsy Test for Lung Cancer
  • The Role of Information Technology
  • Table 2-11: Selected Laboratory Information Management System Providers, 2020 Vendor List
  • Industry Drivers
  • Global Demographics
  • Table 2-12: The Global Population, 1980-2050
  • Figure 2-9: The Global Population, 1980-2050 (in millions)
  • Regional Population Overview
  • Table 2-13: World Population by Major Geographic Region, 2010 - 2050
  • Figure 2-10: World Population by Major Geographic Region, 2010-2050
  • Aging Populations
  • Table 2-14: Global Population Trends Age 65+, 2000-2050
  • Figure 2-11: Global Population Trends Age 65+, 2000-2050 (Millions)
  • Chronic Diseases and Conditions
  • Figure 2-12: Global Prevalence of Disease, 2000, 2015 and Projected 2030
  • Figure 2-13: Global Causes of Death, 2000, 2010 and 2020
  • Figure 2-14: Change in Mortality Over 2000-2020 Period
  • Economic Performance
  • Health Expenditures
  • Figure 2-15: Global Health Spending as a Percentage of GDP, by Country, 2019 estimates (%)
Chapter Three: Testing Services by Specialty
  • Test and Services Overview
  • Figure 3-1: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Service Revenue Trend, 2011-2026 ($millions)
  • Table 3-1: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis by Test Segment (Clinical Chemistry: Routine & Essential; Immunology & Microbiology; Cytology & Histology; Genetic; Toxicology; COVID-19), 2011-2026  (in millions of dollars at the manufacturers’ level)
  • Figure 3-2: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Segment Growth Forecast, CAGR 2021-2026
  • Figure 3-3: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis by Testing Service, Distribution of Revenues 2021, %
  • Clinical Chemistry - Routine and Essential Testing
  • Figure 3-4: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Clinical Chemistry: Routine & Essential Testing Service Market Trend, 2011-2026 ($ millions)
  • Table 3-2: Market Overview - Routine and Essential Testing, 2021
  • Routine Clinical Chemistry
  • Cholesterol Level Testing
  • Table 3-3: High Cholesterol Risk Categories
  • Urinalysis
  • Table 3-4: Normal Reference Levels in a Medical Urinalysis
  • Hematology
  • Blood Cell Count
  • Table 3-5: Laboratory Reference Parameters for CBC
  • Coagulation
  • Endocrinology
  • Thyroid Function Tests
  • Pregnancy Testing
  • Table 3-6: HCG Levels in Pregnant Women by Days Past Ovulation
  • Immunology and Microbiology
  • Figure 3-5: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Immunology & Microbiology Testing Service Market Trend, 2011-2026 ($ millions)
  • Table 3-7: Market Overview - Immunology & Microbiology Testing, 2021
  • Allergy and Food Intolerance
  • Tumor Markers
  • Cardiac Markers
  • HIV Testing
  • Table 3-8: Number of Reported HIV Tests Performed by Country, 2018
  • Figure 3-6: Number of HIV Testing/Counseling Facilities per 100,000 Adult Populations and HIV Positive Population per 1,000 by Select Country (2017)
  • Cytology and Histology Testing
  • Figure 3-7: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Cytology & Histology Testing Service Market Trend, 2011-2026 ($ millions)
  • Table 3-9: Market Overview - Cytology & Histology Testing, 2021
  • Pap Test
  • Figure 3-8: Percent of Females Aged 20-69 Screened for Cervical Cancer (all screening methods), by Select Country 2019 Estimates
  • Genetic Testing
  • Figure 3-9: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Genetic Testing Service Market Trend, 2011-2026 ($ millions)
  • Table 3-10: Market Overview - Genetic Testing, 2021
  • Toxicology Testing
  • Figure 3-10: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Toxicology Testing Service Market Trend, 2011-2026 ($ millions)
  • Table 3-11: Substance Detection Periods by Test Method
  • COVID-19 Virus Testing
  • Figure 3-11: Global Distribution of COVID-19 Test Services: Volume, Cumulative through December 31, 2021
  • Figure 3-12: Factors Affecting COVID-19 Clinical Testing Market, 2022 and Beyond
Chapter Four: Global Clinical Laboratory Market by Provider Group
  • Clinical Laboratory Market: Provider Overview
  • Table 4-1: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis by Provider Segment, 2021, 2026  (Hospitals, Physician Offices/Outpatient Clinics, Independent)
  • Figure 4-1: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Provider Segment Growth Forecast, CAGR 2021-2026
  • Figure 4-2: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis by Provider Group, Distribution of Revenues 2021 (%)
  • Hospitals and Acute Care Providers
  • Figure 4-3: COVID-19 Impact on Hospital-based Laboratory Testing Markets, $millions
  • Table 4-2: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Hospital and Acute Care Laboratory Testing Market 2021 and 2026 (U.S./International Estimates)
  • Figure 4-4: Hospital Beds per 1,000 Population by Country, 2020
  • Physicians and Outpatient Care Providers
  • Figure 4-5: COVID-19 Impact on Physician-based Laboratory Testing Markets, $millions
  • Table 4-3: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Physician and Outpatient Care Laboratory Testing Market 2021 and 2026 (U.S./International Estimates)
  • Physician Offices
  • Figure 4-6: Medical Doctors per 1,000 Population by Country, 2019/2020
  • Global Nursing Establishments and Assisted Living Facilities
  • Global Dialysis Clinics
  • Independent Laboratory Providers
  • Figure 4-7: COVID-19 Impact on Independent Laboratory Testing Markets, $millions
  • Table 4-4: Revenues for Selected U.S.-based Reference Labs 2016-2021 ($million, estimated)
  • Table 4-5: Estimated Clinical Test Volume by Select Independent Laboratory, 2021 (millions of units)
  • Table 4-6: Estimated COVID-19 Test Volume by Select Independent Laboratory, 2021 (millions of units)
  • Table 4-7: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Independent Laboratory Testing Market 2021 and 2026 (U.S./International Estimates)
Chapter Five: North America Market
  • Overview
  • Table 5-1: North America Market Value by Country, 2021 (in millions of dollars at the manufacturers’ level)
  • United States
  • Table 5-2: The United States Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Figure 5-1: The United States Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Performance 2011-2026 ($millions)
  • U.S. Market by Test Type
  • Table 5-3: The United States Clinical Laboratory Service Market by Testing Services, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Figure 5-2: U.S. Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Testing Service Revenues by Type, 2021
  • Figure 5-3: U.S. Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Testing Service Revenues Over Time by Type, 2011-2026 ($millions)
  • U.S. Market by Laboratory Provider Type
  • Table 5-4: The United States Clinical Laboratory Service Market by Laboratory Type, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Figure 5-4: U.S. Clinical Laboratory Market Share by Laboratory Type, 2021
  • Figure 5-5: U.S. Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Testing Service Revenues Over Time by Laboratory Type, 2011-2026 ($millions)
  • U.S. Clinical Laboratory Industry Structure
  • Figure 5-6: Growth in Clinical Laboratories, 1997-2022
  • CLIA Laboratory Registration, Laboratories by Type
  • Figure 5-7: U.S. CLIA Clinical Laboratory Registration by Primary Laboratory Type: May 2022
  • Table 5-5: CLIA Registered Laboratories by Type of Facility (Exempt/Non-Exempt Combined) May 2022
  • Figure 5-8: Growth Trends in CLIA Registered Laboratories by Type of Facility (Exempt/Non-Exempt Combined) June 2019 and May 2022
  • Figure 5-9: Change in CLIA Registered Laboratories by Type of Facility, Highest and Lowest Growth Segments, % Change, Compounded Annually 2019-2022
  • Independent Clinical Laboratories
  • Figure 5-10: Leading U.S. Independent Laboratory Groups, Distribution of Centers, 2021
  • Growth in Independent Clinical Laboratories
  • Figure 5-11: Growth in U.S. Independent Laboratory Facilities, June 2011 through May 2022
  • Hospital-based Laboratories
  • U.S. Hospital Data
  • Figure 5-12: Number of Hospitals in the U.S., 1975-2020
  • Table 5-6: U.S. Hospital Types
  • Table 5-7: AHA Statistics - U.S. Registered Hospitals by Type, 2010 through 2021
  • Table 5-8: AHA Statistics for U.S. Hospitals, 2013-2021
  • U.S. Hospital Stay Stats
  • Figure 5-13: U.S. Hospital Length of Stay, Average by Broad Age Group, 2018
  • Growth in Hospital Clinical Laboratories
  • Figure 5-14: Growth in U.S. Hospital Laboratory Locations, June 2011 through May 2022
  • Physician-Office and Clinic Laboratories
  • Number of U.S. Physicians
  • Figure 5-15: Number of Physician Offices, United States, 2000-2020
  • Growth in Clinical Laboratories in the Physician Office
  • Figure 5-16: Growth in U.S. Physician Office Laboratory Locations, June 2011 through May 2022
  • Nursing Facility and Home Health
  • U.S. Nursing Home Establishments
  • Figure 5-17: Number of Nursing Homes (United States), 2000-2020
  • U.S. Home Health Facilities
  • Growth in Clinical Laboratories in the Nursing Facility and Home Health Segment
  • Figure 5-18: Growth in U.S. Nursing Facility/Home Health Laboratory Locations, June 2011 through May 2022
  • Pharmacy-based Laboratories
  • Growth in Pharmacy-Based Clinical Laboratories
  • Figure 5-19: Growth in U.S. Pharmacy-Based Laboratories, mid-2011 through May 2022
  • Dialysis Clinics
  • Growth in U.S. Dialysis Clinics and Affiliated Laboratories
  • Figure 5-20: Growth in U.S. Dialysis Clinic-based Laboratories, mid-2011 through May 2022
  • Canada
  • Table 5-9: Canada Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Figure 5-21: Canada Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Performance 2011-2026 ($millions)
Chapter Six: EMEA Marke
t
  • Overview
  • Table 6-1: EMEA Market Value by Country, 2021 (in millions of dollars at the manufacturers’ level)
  • Figure 6-1: EMEA Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Growth Projections by Country, CAGR 2021-2026
  • Germany
  • Table 6-2: Germany Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Figure 6-2: Leading Laboratory Service Suppliers by Estimated Distribution of Revenues, Germany, 2021
  • France
  • Table 6-3: France Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Italy
  • Table 6-4: Italy Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Spain
  • Table 6-5: Spain Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • United Kingdom
  • Table 6-6: United Kingdom Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Switzerland
  • Table 6-7: Switzerland Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
Chapter Seven: Asia Pacific Market
  • Overview
  • Table 7-1: Asia Pacific Clinical Laboratory Service Market Value by Country, 2021 (in millions of dollars at the manufacturers’ level)
  • Figure 7-1: Asia Pacific Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Growth Projections by Country, CAGR 2021-2026
  • Japan
  • Table 7-2: Japan Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Japan Clinical Laboratory Industry Structure
  • Figure 7-2: Japan Clinical Laboratory Industry by Type, 2021
  • Figure 7-3: Japan Clinical Laboratory Industry by Test Classification, 2021
  • Figure 7-4: Japan Clinical Laboratory Industry, Number of Laboratories by Prefecture, 2021
  • China
  • Table 7-3: China Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • China Clinical Laboratory Industry Structure
  • Figure 7-5: China Clinical Laboratory Industry by Type, 2021
  • India
  • Table 7-4: India Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • South Korea
  • Table 7-5: South Korea Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Australia
  • Table 7-6: Australia Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
Chapter Eight: Latin America Market
  • Overview
  • Table 8-1: Latin America Market Value by Country, 2021 (in millions of dollars at the manufacturers’ level)
  • Figure 8-1: Latin America Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Growth Projections by Country, CAGR 2021-2026
  • Brazil
  • Table 8-2: Brazil Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
  • Mexico
  • Table 8-3: Mexico Clinical Laboratory Service Market, Estimates and Forecast 2021 and 2026 ($millions)
Chapter Nine: Leading Market Participants
  • Global Competitor Summary
  • Figure 9-1: Top 10 Market Participants, Global Service Revenues, Estimated 2019 and 2020 ($millions)
  • U.S. Competitive Analysis
  • Table 9-1: Estimated U.S. Laboratory Service Revenues and Market Share of Leading Clinical Laboratory Providers, 2021
  • Figure 9-2: Estimated U.S. Laboratory Services, Market Share of Leading Clinical Laboratory Providers, 2021
  • #1: Quest Diagnostics, Inc.
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-2: Quest Diagnostics Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-3: Quest Diagnostics Revenue Summary, 2010-2021 ($millions)
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #2: Laboratory Corporation of America
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-3: Laboratory Corporation of America Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-4: Laboratory Corporation of America Revenue Summary, 2010-2021 ($millions)
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #3: Sonic Healthcare Limited
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-4: Sonic Healthcare Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-5: Sonic Healthcare Revenue Summary, 2010-2021 ($millions)
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #4: SYNLAB International GmbH (SYNLAB Bondco PLC)
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-5: SYNLAB Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-6: SYNLAB Revenue Summary, 2016-2021 ($millions)
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #5: Eurofins Scientific SE
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-6: Eurofins Scientific Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-7: Eurofins Scientific Revenue Summary, 2010-2021($millions)
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #6: Exact Sciences Corp.
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-7: Exact Sciences Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-8: Exact Sciences Revenue Summary, 2010-2021 ($millions)
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #7: BioReference Laboratories - An OPKO Health Subsidiary
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-8: BioReference Laboratories Corporate Details
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-9: BioReference Laboratories Revenue Summary, 2010-2021 ($millions)
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #8: Miraca Holdings, Inc. - H.U. Group Holdings
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-9: Miraca - H.U. Group Holdings, Inc. Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-10: Miraca Revenue Summary, 2010-2021 ($millions)
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #9: Siemens Healthineers
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-10: Siemens Healthineers Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-11: Siemens Healthineers’ Revenue Summary, 2010-2021 ($millions)
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #10: Unilabs
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-11: Unilabs Corporate Details
  • Performance Review
  • Products and Services
  • COVID-19 Events and Impact
  • #11: Medicover AB
  • Company Overview
  • Table 9-12:  Medicover Corporate Details
  • Key Acquisitions, Alliances, and Partnerships
  • Performance Review
  • Figure 9-12:  Medicover Revenue Summary, 2010-2021 ($millions)
  • Products and Services
Chapter Ten: Market Trends and Summary
  • Global Market Overview
  • Table 10-1: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis, 2011-2026 (in millions of dollars at the manufacturer’s level)
  • Figure 10-1: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: 2011-2026
  • Regional Overview
  • Table 10-2: Global Clinical Laboratory Service Market Analysis, Revenues by Region, 2021
  • Figure 10-2: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis, Revenues by Region, 2021
  • Figure 10-3: Global Clinical Laboratory Market Analysis: Regional Growth Forecast, CAGR 2021-2026
  • Figure 10-4: Estimated COVID-19 Market Performance by Region, 2021
  • Population growth
  • Aging populations
  • Increasing disease burden
  • Economic growth in developing regions
  • Stabilizing economies in developed regions
  • Pricing pressures
  • Focusing on Efficient health systems
  • Overall growth in demand for health care services
  • COVID-19
Appendix I: Accreditation Organizations Under CLIA
  • AABB
  • American Association for Laboratory Accreditation
  • Accreditation Commission for Health Care, Inc. (ACHC)
  • American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics
  • COLA
  • College of American Pathologists
  • Joint Commission

Companies Mentioned

  • BioReference Laboratories - An OPKO Health Subsidiary
  • Eurofins Scientific SE
  • Exact Sciences Corp.
  • Laboratory Corporation of America
  • Medicover AB
  • Miraca Holdings, Inc. - H.U. Group Holdings
  • Quest Diagnostics, Inc.
  • Siemens Healthineers
  • Sonic Healthcare Limited
  • SYNLAB International GmbH (SYNLAB Bondco PLC)
  • Unilabs