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The Data Centre Dilemma - Data Centre Power & Sustainability: A survey of the Implications of the Increase of Data Centre Power in 20 Key Metro City Markets

  • ID: 5483987
  • Report
  • November 2021
  • Region: Global
  • 101 Pages
  • Tariff Consultancy
The Data Centre Dilemma - Data Centre Power & Sustainability Report Looks at the Challenge of Becoming Carbon Neutral in Twenty Key Metro City Markets

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • 21viaNet Data Centers
  • BDx Data Centre
  • Digital Reality
  • GDS Data Centres
  • Keppel Data Centers
  • QTS Data Centers

About The Data Centre Dilemma - Power & Sustainability report

The report analyses 20 key Metro city Markets in Europe and Asia (including Amsterdam, Beijing, Berlin, Dublin, Frankfurt, Jakarta, Johannesburg, Kuala Lumper, London & Slough, Madrid, Marseille, Milan, Osaka, Paris, Shanghai, Singapore, Stockholm, Sydney & Tokyo).


It examines the impact of Data Centres on power infrastructure in the key metros and developments in sustainability including the use of renewable power and the impact of technology & the requirements needed to meet net zero.


Within the Data Centre facility power density has increased over time. DCP calculates that the average power density IT load in Europe has increased from 1.3 kW per m2 of utilised space (in mid-2016) up to 1.6 kW per m2 over the 5 year period to mid-2021. The growth in average power density has been accelerated by the growth in Hyperscale computing requirements and the increase in cloud services. However, pure Hyperscale facilities have a higher level of power density with 2 kW and above per m2. The level of power density average is set to increase as Data Centre facilities become more efficient and older stock is upgraded or replaced.


Plus The report provides a 4-year Data Centre Power forecast for key metro city markets in Europe and Asia.


Geographical coverage

  • Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  • Beijing (China)
  • Berlin (Germany)
  • Dublin (Ireland)
  • Frankfurt (Germany)
  • Jakarta (Indonesia)
  • Johannesburg (South Africa)
  • Kuala Lumpur (Asia-Pacific)
  • London and Slough (UK)
  • Madrid (Spain)
  • Marseille (France)
  • Milan (Italy)
  • Osaka (Japan)
  • Paris (France)
  • Shanghai (China)
  • Singapore
  • Stockholm (Sweden)
  • Sydney (Australia)
  • Tokyo (Japan)
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • 21viaNet Data Centers
  • BDx Data Centre
  • Digital Reality
  • GDS Data Centres
  • Keppel Data Centers
  • QTS Data Centers

A list of Figures - The Data Centre Dilemma
Methodology - The Data Centre Dilemma 
Executive Summary - The Data Centre Dilemma
Introduction - The Data Centre Dilemma: rising power requirements & the quest for sustainability


  • Data Centre & power requirements
  • The competing uses for power
  • The balance between power supply & power demands
  • The importance of Data Centre power
  • The impact of Data Centre power requirements on future Data Centres

Section 1 - The increase in Data Centre requirements & the impact on power infrastructure
Introduction
The increase in Data Centre power usage - real & perceived
Power usage within the Data Centre facility
The impact of Data Centre power usage on the power grid
The growth in renewable power
The impact of power sustainability
Key Point Summary


Section 2 - Examples of the impact of Data Centres on power infrastructure
Introduction
Examples of Data Centres in selected city Metro & power infrastructure


  • Amsterdam
  • Dublin
  • Frankfurt
  • London
  • Madrid
  • Paris
  • Singapore
  • Stockholm

Key Point Summary


Section 3 - Data Centres and power sustainability & renewable power
Introduction
The key elements of power sustainability
The adoption of renewable power worldwide
Data Centre Providers & the use of sustainability
Data Centre Providers & the use of renewable power
The perception of Data Centres power usage worldwide
How should Data Centre Providers respond to the power challenge?
Key Point Summary


Section 4 - The trends & forecasts for the Data Centre Dilemma: Rising power requirements & the quest for sustainability 
Introduction
The increase in Data Centre power needs - a forecast by key Metro markets
The competition between Data Centre power needs and other requirements
The growth in Data Centre sustainability - how achievable
The key trends for new Data Centre developments
Key Point Summary


Appendix One - The companies included in the Data Centre Dilemma: Rising power requirements & the quest for sustainability 


A list of Figures - The Data Centre Dilemma: Rising power requirements & the quest for sustainability 
Figure 1 - A table showing the currency exchange rates used in the report converted into USD $1
Figure 2 - A chart showing the 5 key European city areas (Amsterdam, Dublin, Frankfurt, Paris & London) Data Centre Power capacity (in MW) as of the end of 2021 
Figure 3 - A chart showing the number of Data Centre facilities by the FLAP+D (Frankfurt, London, Amsterdam, Paris + Dublin) markets (and as a percentage of the country’s total)
Figure 4 - A table showing the percentage of Data Centre facilities per FLAP+D market and as a percentage of the Country Market total
Figure 5 - A table showing some of the key Hyperscale Data Centre facilities located in the Dublin area
Figure 6 - A table showing the increase in average power density in kW per m2 in the UK, USA, Germany & Singapore from the end of 2016 to the end of 2021
Figure 7 - A schematic showing the use of the PUE (Price Usage Effectiveness) metric
Figure 8 - A table showing the growth in Data Centre Power by each key city Metro market forecast from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW (including Amsterdam, Berlin, Frankfurt, Mumbai, Singapore, Stockholm & Tokyo)
Figure 9 - A map showing the Haarlemmermeer municipal area
Figure 10 - A map showing the Amsterdam municipal area
Figure 11 - A map showing the key Dutch Data Centre locations including Agriport
Figure 12 - A chart showing a forecast for Data Centre power in the Amsterdam city Metro area from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 13 - A map showing the Dublin municipal area
Figure 14 - A chart showing the total Irish Electricity Forecast in TWh from 2020 to 2029 (EirGrid)  
Figure 15 - A chart showing the forecast for Irish Data Centre power demand from 2019 to 2029 (low, median & high scenarios)
Figure 16 - A chart showing a forecast for Data Centre power in the Dublin city Metro area from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 17 - A map showing the Frankfurt am Main municipal area
Figure 18 - A chart showing forecast Data Centre power for the Frankfurt Metro area from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 19 - A map showing the London & inner M25 Metro area
Figure 20 - A chart showing a forecast for Data Centre power for the London & Slough Metro areas from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 21 - A table showing the planned Data Centre facilities under development in the London & Slough city Metro areas
Figure 22 - A map showing the Madrid Metro city area
Figure 23 - A chart showing the forecast Data Centre power for the Madrid Metro area from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 24 - A map showing the Paris Metro city area
Figure 25 - A chart showing a forecast for Data Centre power in the Paris Metro area from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 26 - A map showing the Singapore island
Figure 27 - A chart showing a Data Centre Power forecast in Singapore from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 28 - A map showing the Stockholm Metro city area
Figure 29 - A chart showing a forecast for Data Centre power in the Stockholm Metro city area from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 30 - A table showing the Greenpeace/North China Electric Power University survey of the use of renewable power by 15 Chinese internet providers
Figure 31 - A picture showing the proposed Caransa Group Data Centre campus at Amsterdam Westpoort
Figure 32 - A chart showing forecast Amsterdam Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 33 - A chart showing forecast Berlin Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 34 - A chart showing forecast Dublin Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 35 - A chart showing forecast Frankfurt Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 36 - A chart showing forecast London & Slough Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 37 - A chart showing forecast Madrid Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 38 - A chart showing forecast Marseille Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 39 - A chart showing forecast Milan Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 40 - A chart showing forecast Mumbai Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 41 - A chart showing forecast Paris Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 42 - A chart showing forecast Stockholm Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 43 - A chart showing forecast Johannesburg Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 44 - A chart showing forecast Beijing Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 45 - A chart showing forecast Hong Kong Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 46 - A chart showing forecast Jakarta Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 47 - A chart showing forecast Kuala Lumpar Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 48 - A chart showing forecast Osaka Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 49 - A chart showing forecast Shanghai Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 50 - A chart showing forecast Singapore Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 51 - A chart showing forecast Sydney Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 52 - A chart showing forecast Tokyo Metro area Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 53 - A summary table showing the combined forecast City Metro area increase in Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 54 - A summary chart showing the combined forecast City Metro area increase in Data Centre power from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 in MW pa
Figure 55 - A table showing a list of the Data Centre companies mentioned in the report


Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • 21viaNet Data Centers
  • BDx Data Centre
  • Digital Reality
  • GDS Data Centres
  • Keppel Data Centers
  • QTS Data Centers

The report highlights the implications of the increase of Data Centre Power in twenty key Metro city markets in Europe and Asia and how Data Centres are aiming to become more sustainable.


The report considers the new and fast changing requirements for Data Centre sustainability including the increased demand for renewable energy, the impact of new technology and the changing regulatory environment that is set to challenge the Data Centre Provider’s expansion.


The Data Centre Dilemma also provides a forecast for the growth in Data Centre power in twenty key city Metro Markets in the EMEA and the Asia Pacific regions - and finds that there will be an increase of over 61 percent overall in power for the four-year period from the end of 2021 to the end of 2025 - this is despite the constraints on new developments that are being imposed by some municipalities.


Despite planning constraints, the survey forecasts that at least four Data Centre Metro Markets are to have up to or more than 1,000 MW of power by the end of the forecast period - including Dublin, Beijing, Amsterdam and Singapore.


The growth in power is to come from dedicated Hyperscale Data Centres including Amazon, Google & Microsoft as well as from the third-party colocation provider and Build to Suit Data Centre facilities.


In response Data Centre Providers are investing in renewable power sources and are seeking to reduce carbon emissions down to a net zero position - however to-date the reduction in carbon emissions is contingent on the re-use of surplus heat from the Data Centre facility to the municipal heating network.


Finally, the Data Centre Dilemma report considers the constraints that are being placed on Data Centre development by municipalities and Governments. In some Metro Markets, the size of the Data Centre sector has imposed unique strains on power infrastructure - with the Dublin Data Centre segment in particular forecast to account for up to 27 percent of total power demand in Ireland.


To combat the impact of the Data Centre on power infrastructure the report finds that Data Centres will need to adopt the following measures:


  • Use renewable energy
  • Deploy new technology to optimise power & cooling
  • Deploy high density applications in cold climates
  • Invest directly in renewable power infrastructure
  • Use green bonds & financing to invest in more efficient Data Centre facilities as part of an ESG strategy 
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • Aligned Energy
  • AirTrunk Data Centres
  • Apple
  • Amazon
  • atNorth Data Centre
  • Baidu
  • BDx Data Centre
  • Caransa Group
  • ChinData Group
  • Colt
  • Conapto Data Centre
  • Cyrus
  • Data4 Group
  • Digital Reality
  • DigitalBridge
  • Echelon
  • EcoDataCenter
  • EdgeConneX
  • Equinix
  • Facebook
  • GDS Data Centres
  • Global DC (NTT)
  • Google
  • GTR DC
  • IDC Data Center
  • Iron MountainK2 DC
  • Jaguar Communications
  • Keppel Data Centers
  • Mapletree Trust
  • MCDigital Realty
  • Merlin Properties
  • Microsoft
  • Mitsui Fund
  • Next DC
  • PDG (Princeton Digital Group)
  • QTS Data Centers
  • Sify Technology Space DC
  • SuneVision
  • 21viaNet Data Centers
  • Stack Infrastructure
  • ST Telemedia IDC
  • Telehouse Europe
  • Thesee Data Center
  • Yotta Infrastructure
  • Vantage DC
  • Virtus Data Centres
  • xScale
  • Yondr Group
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

The analyst researches its reports typically within a three-month period. All of its reports are based on primary and secondary research including interviews with relevant companies/operators covered in the report. The analyst also draws on its extensive in-house database and its contacts in the field of telecommunications it has established since the company was launched in 2006.

The analyst has 26-years of experience in the field of telecoms pricing both mobile and fixed. They have a network of consultants as well as a multi-lingual research team, with languages spoken French, German, Polish and Spanish.

 

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