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Photochemistry of Heterocycles

  • Book
  • August 2022
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
  • ID: 5561946

Photochemistry of Heterocycles is a comprehensive review of the topic, including photooxidation, photoreduction and photoaddition reactions as well as industrial aspects of heterocyclic photochemistry. Many materials used for the manufacturing of OLEDs and other electrooptical switches contain heterocycles, and the use of small molecules or polymers containing heterocyclic substances are being studied as new photovoltaic materials. This reference is ideal for synthetic organic chemists, specifically researchers working in organic photochemistry, as well as medicinal chemists and material scientists.

Heterocyclic compounds are widely used in the modern world, and most of the drugs currently in use have heterocyclic nuclei among their constituents. These compounds are subject to a photochemical degradation processes which must be known and prevented.

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Table of Contents

1. Ultraviolet spectroscopy and excited of heterocyclic molecules
2. Photochemistry of three- and four-membered heterocyclic rings
3. Photoisomerization of five-membered heterocyclic compounds
4. Photoisomerization of six-membered heterocyclic compounds
5. Photochemistry of seven-membered and higher heterocyclic systems
6. Photochemically induced fragmentation reactions of heterocyclic compounds
7. Photooxidation of heterocyclic compounds
8. Photoreduction and photoaddition reactions of heterocyclic compounds
9. Heterocyclic based photoactive materials
10. Industrial aspects of heterocyclic photochemistry

Authors

Maurizio D'Auria Professor, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy. Prof. Maurizio D'Auria obtained a fellowship of Fondazione Donegani of Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei from 1979 to 1981. He was Researcher at the University of Rome from 1981 until 1992. From 1992 until 2001 he was Associate Professor of Organic Chemistry at the University of Basilicata. From 2001 he is full professor in Organic Chemistry. From 2009 he is coordinator of the Doctorate in Chemical Sciences at the University of Basilicata. From 1994 to 1996 he was President of the Basilicata Section of the Italian Chemical Society. From 1997 to 1999 he was member of the board of directors of the Interdivisional Section on Photochemistry of the Italian Chemical Society. He is member of the Italian Chemical Society, American Chemical Society, American Society of Photobiology, and European Photochemical Association. He is member of the Editorial Board of Internet Journal of Science and Arkivoc. He was Editor in chief of EPA Newsletter, the magazine of the European Photochemistry Association and member of the Executive Committee of the European Photochemistry Association. From July 2018 he is President of the European Photochemistry Association.Some years ago Prof. D'Auria started to study the photochemical degradation of some naturally occurring compounds; in particular, the photochemical behavior of model compounds of lignin and of lignin itself has been studied in the presence of photochemically generated singlet oxygen. Recently, his activity was centered on the photochemical reactivity of carbonyl compounds with furan derivatives in order to obtain stereoselective Paternò-Büchi reaction. He is author of more than 300 articles on international journals and of numerous patents. Ambra Guarnaccio Researcher, Institute of Structure of Matter (ISM) at the CNR-ISM, Tito Scalo, Italy. Ambra Guarnaccio is a Researcher at the Institute of Structure of Matter (ISM) of the Italian National Research Council (CNR). She gained Master Degree in Chemistry and PhD in Chemical Sciences at the University of Basilicata in 2014. First during her academic training and then during her research carrier she has acquired a deep experience in organic and heterocyclic chemistry for the synthesis of designed organic semiconductors and ?-conjugated systems to be characterized by steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopies and photoluminescence for electron dynamics studies in materials for OSCs. Moreover, she leads activities about the study of electronic properties of organic donor-acceptor molecules both in the gas phase and deposited as thin films on technological interesting surfaces (e.g., noble metal single crystals, ITO, etc.) by high-resolution Photoelectron (PES) and X-ray Absorption (XAS) Spectroscopies taking advantage of synchrotron light radiation. Currently, she is in charge of the chemistry laboratory for the synthesis of new small-molecule and polymeric materials at the Institute of Structure of Matter (Tito Scalo branch) of the CNR. Rocco Racioppi Associate Professor, Department of Science, Universita degli Studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy. Rocco Racioppi is an Associate Professor in the Department of Science at the Università degli Studi della Basilicata in Potenza, Italy. His research is mainly focused on photochemical organic synthesis, essentially within these fields: synthesis of halogeno- and nitro-substituted heteroaromatic derivatives; photosubstitution reactions of pyrrole and imidazole haloderivatives; dimerization reactions of aromatic heterocycles coniugated with olefins; [2+2] photocycloadditions between furan derivatives and carbonyl compounds (Paternò-Büchi reactions) with regard to diastereo- and enantioselective aspects; photochemical reactivity of heteroaromatic azides; Hetero Diels-Alder reactions on diazoalkenes. A second research area focuses on the analysis of the aromas produced by various food matrices, like wine, olive oil, honey, curcuma, ginger, and shallot with the innovative technique of SPME. Sonia Stoia Chemistry teacher, ITT "16 Maggio 1860", Corleto Perticara, Potenza, Italy. Sonia Stoia earned a Ph.D. in Chemical Sciences at the University of the Basilicata in Potenza, Italy on the photochemistry of the Paternò-Büchi reactions under the supervision of Prof. Maurizio D'Auria. Currently, Dr. Stoia collaborates with the Theoretical Chemistry Division of the Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Evert Jan Baerends, being employed in studies about the development of DFT and the transition metal-ligand interaction. Dr. Stoia is also co-author with Prof. D'Auria of a book on Paternò-Büchi reactions. Dr. Stoia taught at the University of Basilicata as Adjunct Professor of Chemistry Elements and is currently a secondary school Chemistry teacher. Lucia Emanuele Associate Professor, Department of Art and Restoration, University of Dubrovnik, Croatia. Lucia Emanuele is an Associate Professor in the Department of Art and Restoration at the University of Dubrovnik in Croatia. In 2003, she obtained a PhD in Chemical Sciences at the University of the Basilicata in Potenza, Italy. She has participated in numerous national and international scientific conferences and published numerous scientific papers in journals. She has been employed, today as an associate professor, at the University of Dubrovnik, Department of Art and Restoration, since 2009. From October 2019, she has also been the head of the Department of Art and Restoration at the University of Dubrovnik.