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European Green Steel Market: Analysis & Forecast with Impact Analysis of COVID-19 and Forecast up to 2028

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    Report

  • 116 Pages
  • January 2023
  • Region: Europe
  • Daedal Research
  • ID: 5726040
UP TO OFF until Apr 30th 2024

Green steel is environmentally friendly steel that has a lower carbon footprint than traditional steel-making processes. The implementation of non-coal-based alternative technologies results in a reduction in this footprint. In most cases, green steel production uses green hydrogen rather than coal or electricity generated from non-fossil sources. In 2022, the Europe green steel market was valued at US$47.36 million, and is probable to reach US$1272.06 million by 2028.

European green steel market is expected to see growth in the future as European steelmaking rivals, such as Germany's Thyssenkrupp and ArcelorMittal, are also looking at using hydrogen to replace coking coal. With demand growth rising rapidly, it is expected that suppliers of green steel to enjoy a uniquely tight supply/demand balance over the coming decade with attractive margin upside expected. But as supply grows and green steel becomes the new norm, pricing power is likely to fade in the longer-term. The Europe green steel market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 75.24%, during the forecast period of 2023-2028.

The outlook for green steel demand has positively surprised over recent years with a broader mix of end users than initially expected. It can be observed that demand for green steel has expanded too many more end markets than initially expected. Demand for green steel is ultimately led by a combination of two key drivers: Scope 3 emissions reduction targets and end consumer demand. Europe green steel market demand stood at 1.23 million tonnes in 2022.

Europe green steel market has seen a supply in 2021 as SSAB, a Swedish consortium delivered the first batch of the metal - made using ‘green’ hydrogen - to an automobile manufacturer for truck production. Swedish steel companies will ramp up the country’s steel production over the next few years as green hydrogen helps drive the transformation of one of the hardest industries to decarbonize. Europe green steel market supply stood at 756.30 thousand tonnes in 2022.

Market Segmentation Analysis:

  • By Type: According to the report, the Europe green steel market is segmented into two types: Molten Oxide Electrolysis (MOE) and Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Molten Oxide Electrolysis (MOE) segment acquired majority of share in the market in 2022, as it removes the need for coking ovens and blast furnaces. Instead, iron ore is dissolved in a liquid electrolyte solution at a temperature of about 1,600ºC before an electrical current is passed through the solution, reducing the iron ore into a liquid in an endothermic reaction. Whereas, Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) segment is expected to have the highest CAGR in the future as arc furnaces used in research laboratories and by dentists may have a capacity of only a few dozen grams. These furnaces run on natural gas and will eventually use green hydrogen (H2), dramatically reducing the plant’s carbon emissions.
  • By End User: According to the report, the Europe green steel market is segmented into four end users: Automotive, Construction, Electronics and Other End Users. Automotive segment acquired majority of share in the market in 2022, as green steel is now being used by automakers to ensure a cleaner, greener manufacturing ecosystem. Moreover, international auto makers like GM, Volvo, Mercedes etc., have pledged to become carbon neutral by 2040.
  • By Region: According to this report, the Europe green steel market can be divided into five sub regions: Sweden, Germany, France, UK and Rest of Europe. Sweden green steel market enjoyed the highest market share in 2022, primarily owing to aims for climate neutrality by 2045 and accounts for the biggest investment volume that has been announced. Swedish steel venture H2 Green Steel - founded in 2020 - announced that some of the most prominent European financial institutions have decided to support the hydrogen-based steel plant construction in northern Sweden. These investments and funding would increase the supply as many players would establish green steel plants in Europe. Swedish steel companies will ramp up the country’s steel production over the next few years as green hydrogen helps drive the transformation of one of the hardest industries to decarbonize.

Europe Green Steel Market Dynamics:

  • Growth Drivers: Green steel is the manufacturing of steel without the use of fossil fuels. Demand for green steel is increasing and technologies continue to be developed as the industry moves towards decarbonization and a more sustainable future. This is considered a positive indicator for the green steel market. Further, the market is expected to increase due to carbon neutrality, certificate-based products, premium green steel, multiple end users, etc.
  • Challenges: Higher cost of production is a major challenge facing the green steel market. One of the main reasons for the higher cost of green steel production is the use of alternative raw materials and energy sources. For example, green steel production often involves using recycled steel scrap as raw material, which is more expensive than using virgin iron ore. The other challenge that green steel market complex carbon accounting calculation, energy crisis, etc.
  • Trends: A major trend gaining pace in green steel market is increasing investment in launching green field projects. Market players are increasingly investing in launching green field projects and building partnerships and strategic alliances to transform their businesses in green steel is driving the market. About two thirds of the projects (31 out of 47) are in Europe, where the largest investments occur. Swedish companies have announced the largest share of investment (with US$22-51 Billion for 6 projects), followed by a South Korean company (US$8.8 Billion) and 11 projects announced by German firms. More trends in the market are believed to augment the growth of green steel market during the forecasted period include high utilization of biomass resources, new technologies, etc.

Impact Analysis of COVID-19 and Way Forward:

The COVID-19 pandemic continues into 2022 and is still impacting different industries across the globe. There is no significant impact of COVID-19 on the Europe green steel market. In fact, the pandemic had helped manufacturers and buyers realize the importance of environment friendly products. Thus, the growth of green steel market emerged and companies as well as government are investing in different projects in the market on producing green steel.

Competitive Landscape and Recent Developments:

Europe green steel market is concentrated with SSAB, Salzgitter and ArcelorMittal as best positioned, in Europe. Key players of Europe green steel market are:

  • ArcelorMittal S.A.
  • Salzgitter AG
  • SSAB AB
  • ThyssenKrupp AG
  • Tata Steel Europe Limited
  • Tenaris S.A.
  • Swiss Steel Group (Deutsche Edelstahlwerke Specialty Steel GmbH & Co. KG)
  • Voestalpine AG
  • H2 Green Steel
  • Vanir Green Industries (Blaster Green Steel)
  • GFG Alliance (Liberty Steel Group Holdings UK Ltd) O-I Glass, Inc.

As the European market transitions there is a clear first mover advantage with SSAB and Salzgitter ahead of peers and aiming to fully shift to green steel by 2030 and 2033, respectively, vs peers’ targets of 2050. Notably, this will allow both companies to gain share in premium green products above and beyond their existing market share in standard grades whilst ArcelorMittal and Thyssenkrupp are set to lose market share due to their relatively slower transitions. SSAB has taken this one step further identifying the transition to green steel as an opportunity to take share in high value automotive markets by also investing in new downstream finishing capacity. The key players are constantly investing in strategic initiatives, such as new product launches, introducing their products to emerging markets and more, to maintain a competitive edge in this market. For instance, in 2022, ArcelorMittal plans to invest US$100 million Also, in 2021, Iberdrola & H2 Green Steel signed a green hydrogen deal of US$2.59 billion. With a capacity to generate 2 million tons of pig iron would be produced & fueled by green hydrogen at the new facility.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Introduction
2.1 Green Steel: An Overview
2.1.1 Green Steel Production Process 
2.2 Green Steel Segmentation: An Overview
2.2.1 Green Steel Segmentation

3. Europe Market Analysis
3.1 Europe Green Steel Market: An Analysis
3.1.1 Europe Green Steel Market: An Overview
3.1.2 Europe Green Steel Market by Value
3.1.3 Europe Green Steel Market by Type (Molten Oxide Electrolysis (MOE) and Electric Arc Furnace (EAF))
3.1.4 Europe Green Steel Market by End User (Automotive, Construction, Electronics and Other End Users)
3.1.5 Europe Green Steel Market by Region (Sweden, Germany, France, UK and Rest of Europe)
3.2 Europe Green Steel Market by Demand: An Analysis
3.2.1 Europe Green Steel Market by Demand: An Overview
3.2.2 Europe Green Steel Market by Demand
3.3 Europe Green Steel Market by Supply: An Analysis
3.3.1 Europe Green Steel Market by Supply: An Overview
3.3.2 Europe Green Steel Market by Supply
3.4 Europe Green Steel Market: Type Analysis 
3.4.1 Europe Green Steel Market by Type: An Overview
3.4.2 Europe Molten Oxide Electrolysis (MOE) Green Steel Market by Value
3.4.3 Europe Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) Green Steel Market by Value
3.5 Europe Green Steel Market: End User Analysis 
3.5.1 Europe Green Steel Market by End User: An Overview
3.5.2 Europe Automotive Green Steel Market by Value
3.5.3 Europe Construction Green Steel Market by Value
3.5.4 Europe Electronics Green Steel Market by Value
3.5.5 Europe Other End Users Green Steel Market by Value

4. Regional Market Analysis
4.1 Sweden Green Steel Market: An Analysis 
4.1.1 Sweden Green Steel Market by Value
4.2 Germany Green Steel Market: An Analysis 
4.2.1 Germany Green Steel Market by Value
4.3 France Green Steel Market: An Analysis 
4.3.1 France Green Steel Market by Value
4.4 UK Green Steel Market: An Analysis 
4.4.1 UK Green Steel Market by Value
4.5 Rest of Europe Green Steel Market: An Analysis 
4.5.1 Rest of Europe Green Steel Market by Value

5. Impact of COVID-19
5.1 Impact of COVID-19
5.1.1 COVID-19 Impact on Green Steel Market
5.1.2 Post COVID-19 Impact

6. Market Dynamics
6.1 Growth Drivers
6.1.1 Rising Green Penetration
6.1.2 Carbon Neutrality
6.1.3 Certificate-based Products
6.1.4 Premium Green Steel
6.1.5 Multiple End Users
6.2 Challenges
6.2.1 Energy Crisis
6.2.2 Complex Carbon Accounting Calculation
6.2.3 Higher Cost of Production 
6.3 Market Trends
6.3.1 Increasing Investment in Launching Greenfield Projects
6.3.2 High Utilization of Alternative Resources
6.3.3 New Technologies

7. Competitive Landscape
7.1 Europe Green Steel Players by Market Share
7.2 Europe Green Steel Players by Green Steel Volume
7.3 Europe Green Steel Players by Estimated Supply
7.4 Europe Green Steel Market Players: Low Carbon Steel Products Comparison
7.5 Europe Green Steel Market Players: Emission Reduction Goals Comparison
7.6 Europe Green Steel Market Players: Decarbonisation Projects Comparison

8. Company Profiles
8.1 ArcelorMittal S.A.
8.1.1 Business Overview
8.1.2 Operating Segments
8.1.3 Business Strategy
8.2 Salzgitter AG
8.2.1 Business Overview
8.2.2 Operating Segments
8.2.3 Business Strategy
8.3 SSAB AB
8.3.1 Business Overview
8.3.2 Operating Segments
8.3.3 Business Strategy
8.4 ThyssenKrupp AG
8.4.1 Business Overview
8.4.2 Operating Segments
8.4.3 Business Strategy
8.5 Tata Steel Europe Limited
8.5.1 Business Overview
8.5.2 Operating Regions
8.5.3 Business Strategy
8.6 Tenaris S.A.
8.6.1 Business Overview
8.6.2 Operating Segments
8.6.3 Business Strategy
8.7 Swiss Steel Group (Deutsche Edelstahlwerke Specialty Steel GmbH & Co. KG)
8.7.1 Business Overview
8.7.2 Operating Segments
8.7.3 Business Strategy
8.8 Voestalpine AG
8.8.1 Business Overview
8.8.2 Operating Segments
8.8.3 Business Strategy
8.9 H2 Green Steel
8.9.1 Business Overview
8.9.2 Business Strategy
8.10 Vanir Green Industries (Blaster Green Steel)
8.10.1 Business Overview
8.10.2 Business Strategy
8.11 GFG Alliance (Liberty Steel Group Holdings UK Ltd)
8.11.1 Business Overview
8.11.2 Business Strategy

List of Figures
Figure 1: Green Steel Production Process
Figure 2: Green Steel Segmentation
Figure 3: Europe Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 4: Europe Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 5: Europe Green Steel Market by Type; 2022 (Percentage, %)
Figure 6: Europe Green Steel Market by End User; 2022 (Percentage, %)
Figure 7: Europe Green Steel Market by Region; 2022 (Percentage, %)
Figure 8: Europe Green Steel Market by Demand; 2021-2022 (Million Tonnes)
Figure 9: Europe Green Steel Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (Million Tonnes)
Figure 10: Europe Green Steel Market by Supply; 2021-2022 (Thousand Tonnes)
Figure 11: Europe Green Steel Market by Supply; 2023-2028 (Million Tonnes)
Figure 12: Europe Molten Oxide Electrolysis (MOE) Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 13: Europe Molten Oxide Electrolysis (MOE) Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 14: Europe Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 15: Europe Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 16: Europe Automotive Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 17: Europe Automotive Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 18: Europe Construction Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 19: Europe Construction Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 20: Europe Electronics Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 21: Europe Electronics Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 22: Europe Other End Users Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 23: Europe Other End Users Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 24: Sweden Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 25: Sweden Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 26: Germany Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 27: Germany Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 28: France Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 29: France Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 30: UK Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Thousand)
Figure 31: UK Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 32: Rest of Europe Green Steel Market by Value; 2021-2022 (US$ Million)
Figure 33: Rest of Europe Green Steel Market by Value; 2023-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 34: Europe Green Penetration; 2021, 2030, 2040 and 2050 (Percentage, %)
Figure 35: EU Energy Costs (Electricity + Natural Gas) per Tonne of Steel Produced; Hist Avg, 2Q21, 3Q21, 4Q21, 1Q22, 2Q22, Spot (US$/Tonne)
Figure 36: Europe Green Steel Players by Market Share; Grey (2019)-Green (2030) (Percentage, %)
Figure 37: Europe Green Steel Players by Green Steel Volume; 2030 (Percentage, %)
Figure 38: Europe Green Steel Players by Estimated Supply; 2025-2030 (Million Tonnes)
Figure 39: ArcelorMittal S.A. Sales by Segments; 2021 (Percentage, %)
Figure 40: Salzgitter AG Sales by Segments; 2021 (Percentage, %)
Figure 41: SSAB AB Revenue by Segments; 2021 (Percentage, %)
Figure 42: ThyssenKrupp AG Net Sales by Segments; 2022 (Percentage, %)
Figure 43: Tata Steel Europe Limited Revenue by Regions; 2021 (Percentage, %)
Figure 44: Tenaris S.A. Net Sales by Segments; 2021 (Percentage, %)
Figure 45: Swiss Steel Group Revenue by Segments; 2021 (Percentage, %)
Figure 46: Voestalpine AG Revenue by Segments; 2021 (Percentage, %)
Table 1: Automaker’s Decarbonization Targets over the Coming Decades
Table 2: Construction Companies Decarbonization Targets over the Coming Decades
Table 3: Europe Green Steel Market Players: Low Carbon Steel Products Comparison
Table 4: Europe Green Steel Market Players: Emission Reduction Goals Comparison
Table 5: Europe Green Steel Market Players: Decarbonization Projects Comparison

Companies Mentioned

  • ArcelorMittal S.A.
  • Salzgitter AG
  • SSAB AB
  • ThyssenKrupp AG
  • Tata Steel Europe Limited
  • Tenaris S.A.
  • Swiss Steel Group (Deutsche Edelstahlwerke Specialty Steel GmbH & Co. KG)
  • Voestalpine AG
  • H2 Green Steel
  • Vanir Green Industries (Blaster Green Steel)
  • GFG Alliance (Liberty Steel Group Holdings UK Ltd) O-I Glass, Inc.

Methodology

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Table Information