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The Global Market for Cellulose Microfibers (Microfibrillated Cellulose) and Cellulose Nanofibers (Nanofibrillated Cellulose) 2023-2033

  • Report

  • March 2023
  • Region: Global
  • Future Markets, Inc
  • ID: 5748694

Cellulose is the main component of plant cell walls and a natural polymer. It is bio-based, renewable, biodegradable, recyclable, carbon binding and safe for people and the environment and is an important product for the replacement of fossil-based materials. The market for bio-based and biodegradable cellulose microfibers (Microfibrillated Cellulose) has experienced strong growth in the last decade and this trend is expected to continue with the growth in the circular bio-based economy. 

The market for cellulose nanofibers (Nanofibrillated Cellulose ) has also experienced significant recent growth, especially in Asia. Cellulose nanofibers are sustainable materials with high mechanical strength and stiffness (stronger than steel), high aspect ratios, high transparency, high chemical resistance and impressive rheological, optical and film-forming properties. They are also lightweight and have made a recent impact in industrial applications in biopolymers, bio-composites and hygiene and sanitary products.

Report contents include:

Cellulose microfiber (Microfibrillated Cellulose) market

  • Opportunities in cellulose microfibers (Microfibrillated Cellulose). 
  • Recycling of
  • cellulose microfibers (Microfibrillated Cellulose). 
  • Global production capacities, by Microfibrillated Cellulose producer, current and planned.
  • Commercialized products on the market incorporating cellulose microfibers (Microfibrillated Cellulose). 
  • Demand in tons per market, current and forecast to 2033. 
  • Cellulose microfibers (Microfibrillated Cellulose) pricing. 
  • Market analysis for cellulose microfibers in:
    • Textiles. 
    • Paper and packaging. 
    • Hygiene/non-wovens. 
    • Personal care.
    • Paints and coatings. 
  • Analysis of alternative feedstocks (non-wood fibres, textile waste etc.). 
  • Profiles of 58 cellulose microfibers companies. Companies profiled include Borregaard Chemcell, Daicel Corporation, Fiberlean , Klabin, Norkse Skog, Sappi Biotech, Stora Enso, Suzano and Valmet.

Cellulose nanofiber (Nanofibrillated Cellulose) market

  • Opportunities in cellulose nanofibers (Nanofibrillated Cellulose). 
  • Global production capacities, by CNF producer, current and planned.
  • Commercialized products on the market incorporating CNFs.
  • CNF applications by industry.
  • Demand in tons per market, current and forecast to 2033. 
  • Cellulose nanofibers pricing. 
  • Markets analysis for CNFs in Polymer composites, Automotive, Building & Construction, Packaging, Textiles, Biomedicine, Pharma, Healthcare, Sanitary and Hygiene Products, Paints & Coatings, Aerogels, Oil & Gas, Filtration, Cosmetics, Food Additives. 
  • Profiles of 121 cellulose nanofibers companies. Companies profiled in the report include Asahi Kasei, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Daicel, Daiichi Kogyo, Daio Paper, GranBio Technologies, Nippon Paper, Oji Holdings, Sugino Machine and Seiko PMC.


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Table of Contents

1 TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS
1.1 Cellulose
1.2 Feedstocks
1.2.1 Wood
1.2.2 Plant
1.2.3 Tunicate
1.2.4 Algae
1.2.5 Bacteria
1.3 Cellulose fibers
1.3.1 Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
1.3.2 Commercial production of cellulose fibers from plants
1.3.2.1 Seed fibers
1.3.2.1.1 Cotton
1.3.2.1.1.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.1.2 Kapok
1.3.2.1.2.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.1.3 Luffa
1.3.2.2 Bast fibers
1.3.2.2.1 Jute
1.3.2.2.1.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.2.2 Hemp
1.3.2.2.2.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.2.3 Flax
1.3.2.2.3.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.2.4 Ramie
1.3.2.2.4.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.2.5 Kenaf
1.3.2.2.5.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.3 Leaf fibers
1.3.2.3.1 Sisal
1.3.2.3.1.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.3.2 Abaca
1.3.2.3.2.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.4 Fruit fibers
1.3.2.4.1 Coir
1.3.2.4.1.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.4.2 Banana
1.3.2.4.2.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.4.3 Pineapple
1.3.2.5 Stalk fibers from agricultural residues
1.3.2.5.1 Rice fiber
1.3.2.5.2 Corn
1.3.2.6 Cane, grasses and reed
1.3.2.6.1 Switch grass
1.3.2.6.2 Sugarcane (agricultural residues)
1.3.2.6.3 Bamboo
1.3.2.6.3.1 Production volumes 2018-2033
1.3.2.6.4 Fresh grass (green biorefinery)
1.3.3 Regenerated cellulose fibers
1.3.4 Ionic liquids
1.4 Cellulose nanofibers
1.4.1 Properties
1.4.2 Applications
1.5 Cellulose filaments
1.6 Pricing

2 MICROFIBRILLATED CELLULOSE (CELLULOSE MICROFIBERS) MARKET
2.1 Production capacities 2022
2.2 Global market demand 2018-2033 (tons)
2.3 Market supply chain
2.4 Products
2.5 Paperboard and packaging
2.5.1 Market overview
2.5.2 Global market in tons to 2033
2.6 Textiles
2.6.1 Market overview
2.6.2 Global market in tons to 2033
2.7 Personal care
2.7.1 Market overview
2.7.2 Global market in tons to 2033
2.8 Paints and coatings
2.8.1 Market overview
2.8.2 Global market in tons to 2033
2.9 Other markets

3 NANOFIBRILLATED CELLULOSE (CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS) MARKET
3.1 Market supply chain
3.2 Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2022, in metric tons by producer
3.3 Products
3.4 Packaging
3.4.1 Market overview
3.4.2 Applications
3.4.2.1 Reinforcement and barrier
3.4.2.2 Biodegradable food packaging foil and films
3.4.2.3 Paperboard coatings
3.4.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.5 Textiles
3.5.1 Market overview
3.5.2 Applications
3.5.2.1 CNF deodorizer and odour reducer (antimicrobial) in adult and child diapers
3.5.2.2 Footwear
3.5.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.6 Hygiene and sanitary products
3.6.1 Applications
3.6.2 Global market in tons to 2033
3.7 Composites
3.7.1 Market overview
3.7.2 Applications
3.7.2.1 Automotive composites
3.7.2.2 Biocomposite films & packaging
3.7.2.3 Barrier packaging
3.7.2.4 Thermal insulation composites
3.7.2.5 Construction composites
3.7.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.8 Automotive
3.8.1 Market overview
3.8.2 Applications
3.8.2.1 Composites
3.8.2.2 Tires
3.8.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.9 Construction
3.9.1 Market overview
3.9.2 Applications
3.9.2.1 Sandwich composites
3.9.2.2 Cement additives
3.9.2.3 Pump primers
3.9.2.4 Thermal insulation and damping
3.9.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.10 Biomedicine and healthcare
3.10.1 Market overview
3.10.2 Applications
3.10.2.1 Wound dressings
3.10.2.2 Drug delivery stabilizers
3.10.2.3 Tissue engineering scaffolds
3.10.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.11 Paints and coatings
3.11.1 Market overview
3.11.2 Applications
3.11.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.12 Aerogels
3.12.1 Market overview
3.12.2 Global market in tons to 2033
3.13 Oil and gas
3.13.1 Market overview
3.13.2 Applications
3.13.2.1 Oil recovery applications (fracturing fluid)
3.13.2.2 CNF Membranes for separation
3.13.2.3 Oil and gas fluids additives
3.13.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.14 Filtration
3.14.1 Market overview
3.14.2 Applications
3.14.2.1 Membranes for selective absorption
3.14.3 Global market in tons to 2033
3.15 Personal care
3.15.1 Market overview
3.15.1.1 Rheological modifying agents
3.15.2 Applications
3.15.2.1 Food additives
3.15.2.2 Pickering stabilizers
3.15.2.3 Hydrogels
3.15.2.4 Cosmetics and skincare
3.15.3 Global market in tons to 2033

4 MICROFIBRILLATED CELLULOSE COMPANY PROFILES (58 company profiles)

5 CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES (121 company profiles)

6 RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY
6.1 Report scope
6.2 Research methodology

7 REFERENCES

List of Tables
Table 1. Length and diameter of nanocellulose and MFC
Table 2. Major polymers found in the extracellular covering of different algae
Table 3. Overview of cotton fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 4. Overview of kapok fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 5. Overview of luffa fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 6. Overview of jute fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 7. Overview of hemp fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 8. Overview of flax fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 9. Overview of ramie fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 10. Overview of kenaf fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 11. Overview of sisal fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 12. Overview of abaca fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 13. Overview of coir fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 14. Overview of banana fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 15. Overview of pineapple fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 16. Overview of rice fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 17. Overview of corn fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 18. Overview of switch grass fibers-description, properties and applications
Table 19. Overview of sugarcane fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and application and market size
Table 20. Overview of bamboo fibers-description, properties, drawbacks and applications
Table 21. Recycled cellulose fibers companies
Table 22. Properties and applications of cellulose nanofibers
Table 23. Properties of cellulose micro and nanofibers, by type
Table 24. Properties of cellulose nanofibers relative to metallic and polymeric materials
Table 25. Chemical composition of different lignocellulosic feedstocks used for nanocellulose production (% dry basis)
Table 26. Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
Table 27: Product/price/application matrix of MCF and CNF
Table 28. Microfibrillated Cellulose (MFC) production capacities in metric tons and production process, by producer, metric tons
Table 29. Commercially available Microfibrillated Cellulose products
Table 30. Market overview for cellulose microfibers (microfibrillated cellulose) in paperboard and packaging-market age, key benefits, applications and producers
Table 31. Global demand for cellulose microfibers (Microfibrillated Cellulose) in paper and packaging, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 32. Market overview for cellulose microfibers (microfibrillated cellulose) in textiles-market age, key benefits, applications and producers
Table 33. Global demand for cellulose microfibers (microfibrillated cellulose) in textiles, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 34. Market overview for cellulose microfibers (microfibrillated cellulose) in personal care-market age, key benefits, applications and producers
Table 35. Global demand for Microfibrillated Cellulose in personal care, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 36. Market overview for cellulose microfibers (microfibrillated cellulose) in paints and coatings-market age, key benefits, applications and producers
Table 37. Global demand for cellulose microfibers (microfibrillated cellulose) in paints and coatings, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 38. Other markets for Microfibrillated Cellulose
Table 39. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tons
Table 40. Commercially available cellulose nanofiber products
Table 41. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in packaging
Table 42. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in packaging, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 43. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in textiles
Table 44. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in textiles, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 45. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 46. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in composites
Table 47. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in composites
Table 48. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Table 49. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in automotive
Table 50. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in automotive
Table 51. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs
Table 52. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive market 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Table 53. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in construction
Table 54: Market demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 55. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare
Table 56. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in biomedical and healthcare, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 57. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings
Table 58. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 59. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels
Table 60. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels
Table 61. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs
Table 62. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 63. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas
Table 64. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 65. Market overview for Cellulose nanofibers in filtration
Table 66: Global demand for Cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 67. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers
Table 68. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 69: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes
Table 70. Nippon Paper commercial CNF products
Table 71. Oji Holdings CNF products

List of Figures
Figure 1. Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit
Figure 2. Scale of cellulose materials
Figure 3. Organization and morphology of cellulose synthesizing terminal complexes (TCs) in different organisms
Figure 4. Biosynthesis of (a) wood cellulose (b) tunicate cellulose and (c) BC
Figure 5. Cellulose microfibrils and nanofibrils
Figure 6. SEM image of microfibrillated cellulose
Figure 7. Cotton production volume 2018-2033 (Million MT)
Figure 8. Kapok production volume 2018-2033 (MT)
Figure 9. Luffa cylindrica fiber
Figure 10. Jute production volume 2018-2033 (Million MT)
Figure 11. Hemp fiber production volume 2018-2033 (MT)
Figure 12. Flax fiber production volume 2018-2033 (MT)
Figure 13. Ramie fiber production volume 2018-2033 (MT)
Figure 14. Kenaf fiber production volume 2018-2033 (MT)
Figure 15. Sisal fiber production volume 2018-2033 (MT)
Figure 16. Abaca fiber production volume 2018-2033 (MT)
Figure 17. Coir fiber production volume 2018-2033 (million MT)
Figure 18. Banana fiber production volume 2018-2033 (MT)
Figure 19. Pineapple fiber
Figure 20. A bag made with pineapple biomaterial from the H&M Conscious Collection 2019
Figure 21. Bamboo fiber production volume 2018-2033 (MILLION MT)
Figure 22. CNF gel
Figure 23. Global market demand for Microfibrillated Cellulose (MFC). 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 24. Supply chain for the Microfibrillated Cellulose market
Figure 25. Global demand for Microfibrillated Cellulose in paper and packaging, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 26. Global demand for Microfibrillated Cellulose in textiles, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 27. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in personal care, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 28. Global demand for cellulose microfibers (microfibrillated cellulose) in paints and coatings, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 29. Cellulose nanofibers supply chain
Figure 30. Aruba 23
Figure 31. Dorayaki
Figure 32. ENASAVE NEXT
Figure 33. Flat4-KAEDE
Figure 34. GEL-KAYANO™
Figure 35. Hada care acty®
Figure 36. Hiteeth All in One Mouth Gel
Figure 37. HYPERNANO X series
Figure 38. Kirekira! toilet wipes
Figure 39. ONKYO® Scepter SC-3(B) 2-way Speaker System
Figure 40. Pioneer® SE-MONITOR5 Headphones
Figure 41. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet
Figure 42. RUBURI Precursor Lubris for raw concrete pumping
Figure 43. SC-3 (B) speakers
Figure 44. SE-MONITOR5 headphones
Figure 45. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers
Figure 46. "SURISURI" Lotion
Figure 47. X9400 series
Figure 48. X Premium Sound Speaker Alps Alpine
Figure 49. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paper and board packaging
Figure 50. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in packaging, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 51. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in textiles
Figure 52. Asics GEL-KAYANO™ 25 running shoe
Figure 53. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in the textiles sector, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 54. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and sanitary products, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 55. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in composites
Figure 56. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Figure 57. Interior of NCV concept car
Figure 58. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in automotive
Figure 59. Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive market 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Figure 60. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in building and construction
Figure 61. Demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 62. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare
Figure 63. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in biomedical and healthcare, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 64. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings
Figure 65. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 66: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in in aerogels, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 67. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 68. Applications of Cellulose nanofibers in filtration
Figure 69. Global demand for Cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 70. Applications of cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers
Figure 71. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 72. Pressurized Hot Water Extraction
Figure 73. Celish
Figure 74. BELLOCEA™
Figure 75. Photograph (a) and micrograph (b) of mineral/ MFC composite showing the high viscosity and fibrillar structure
Figure 76. Water-repellent cellulose
Figure 77. HeiQ AeoniQ 
Figure 78. BioFlex process
Figure 79. A vacuum cleaner part made of cellulose fiber (left) and the assembled vacuum cleaner
Figure 80: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant
Figure 81. 3D printed cellulose shoe
Figure 82. Lyocell process
Figure 83. Thales packaging incorporating Fibrease
Figure 84. HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
Figure 85. Worn Again products
Figure 87: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel
Figure 88. MEDICELLU™
Figure 89: Ashai Kasei CNF production process
Figure 90: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
Figure 91: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
Figure 92. CNF nonwoven fabric
Figure 93. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process
Figure 94. Celfion membrane
Figure 95. nanoforest products
Figure 96. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process
Figure 97. nanoforest-S
Figure 98. nanoforest-PDP
Figure 99. nanoforest-MB
Figure 100. Daicel Corporation CNF production process
Figure 101. Celish
Figure 102: Trunk lid incorporating CNF
Figure 103. Daio Paper CNF production process
Figure 104. ELLEX products
Figure 105. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
Figure 106. Kirekira! toilet wipes
Figure 107. Color CNF
Figure 108. DIC Products CNF production process
Figure 109. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process
Figure 110: Rheocrysta spray
Figure 111. DKS CNF products
Figure 112: CNF based on citrus peel
Figure 113. Citrus cellulose nanofiber
Figure 114. Imerys CNF production process
Figure 115. Filler Bank CNC products
Figure 116: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
Figure 117: CNF products from Furukawa Electric
Figure 118. Granbio CNF production process
Figure 119: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
Figure 120. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
Figure 121: CNF gel
Figure 122: Block nanocellulose material
Figure 123: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
Figure 124. Kami Shoji CNF products
Figure 125. Dual Graft System
Figure 126: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
Figure 127. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended)
Figure 128: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)
Figure 129. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process
Figure 130. CNF deodorant
Figure 131. Chitin nanofiber product
Figure 132. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products
Figure 133. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder.280
Figure 134. Cellulomix production process
Figure 135. Nanobase versus conventional products
Figure 136. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307
Figure 137: CNF slurries
Figure 138. Range of CNF products
Figure 139: Nanocell serum product
Figure 140. Vatensel® product
Figure 141: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp
Figure 142: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic
Figure 143. Nippon Paper CNF production process
Figure 144: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers
Figure 145. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF
Figure 146. CNF paint product
Figure 147. CNF wet powder
Figure 148. CNF transparent film
Figure 149. Transparent CNF sheets
Figure 150. Oji Paper CNF production process
Figure 151. CNF clear sheets
Figure 152. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
Figure 153. Fluorene cellulose ® powder
Figure 154. A vacuum cleaner part made of cellulose fiber (left) and the assembled vacuum cleaner
Figure 155. Reusable cups using cellulose fiber
Figure 156. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process
Figure 157. XCNF
Figure 160. CNF insulation flat plates
Figure 161. Seiko PMC CNF production process
Figure 162. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
Figure 163. Rubber soles incorporating CNF
Figure 164. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite
Figure 165. Stora Enso CNF production process
Figure 166. Sugino Machine CNF production process
Figure 167. High Pressure Water Jet Process
Figure 168. 2 wt.% CNF suspension
Figure 169. BiNFi-s Dry Powder
Figure 170. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
Figure 171. Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
Figure 172. SVILOSA AD CNC products
Figure 173. Silver / CNF composite dispersions
Figure 174. CNF/nanosilver powder
Figure 175: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF
Figure 176: CNF resin products
Figure 177. University of Maine CNF production process
Figure 178. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process
Figure 179. FibDex® wound dressing
Figure 180. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process
Figure 181: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF
Figure 182. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches
Figure 183. VTT CNF production process
Figure 184: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
Figure 185: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
Figure 186. S-CNF in powder form
Figure 187. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • 525 Solutions, Inc.
  • Aichemist Metal Inc.
  • ANPOLY, Inc.
  • Asahi Kasei Corporation
  • Azul Energy
  • Beijing Ding Sheng Xiong Di Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Betulium Oy
  • BIO-LUTIONS International AG
  • Biotecam
  • Birla Cellulose
  • BlockTexx Pty Ltd.
  • Blue BioFuels, Inc.
  • Borregaard ChemCell
  • Cass Materials Pty Ltd
  • Ceapro, Inc.
  • Cellfion AB
  • CELLiCON B.V.
  • Cellucomp Ltd.
  • Cellulose Lab
  • Cellutech AB (Stora Enso)
  • Centre Technique du Papier (CTP)
  • CH Bioforce
  • Chemkey Advanced Materials Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
  • Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.
  • CIRC
  • Circular Systems
  • CNNT
  • CreaFill Fibers Corporation
  • Daicel Corporation
  • DaikyoNishikawa Corporation
  • Daio Paper Corporation
  • Daishowa Paper Products Co. Ltd.
  • Daito Kasei Kogyo Co.
  • Denso Corporation
  • DIC
  • DKS Co. Ltd.
  • Earth Recycle Co., Ltd.
  • Eastman Chemical Co.
  • Ehime Paper Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
  • Evolgene Genomics SL
  • Evrnu
  • Fiberlean Technologies
  • Fillerbank Limited
  • FineCell Sweden AB
  • Freyzein
  • Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd.
  • Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd
  • Gen Corporation
  • GenCrest Bio Products
  • Glamarium OÜ Technologies
  • Granbio Technologies
  • GreenNano Technologies Inc.
  • GS Alliance Co. Ltd.
  • Guilin Qihong Technology
  • Hansol Paper., Ltd.
  • Harvest Nano, Inc.
  • Hattori Shoten K.K.
  • HeiQ Materials AG
  • Hexa Chemical Co. Ltd./Nature Gift
  • Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd.
  • Honext Material SL
  • i-Compology Corporation
  • Infinited Fiber Company Oy
  • Inspidere B.V.
  • InventWood
  • Ioncell Oy
  • JeNaCell GmbH (Evonik)
  • Kami Shoji Company
  • Kao Corporation
  • Kelheim Fibres
  • Klabin S.A.
  • KOS 21
  • KRI, Inc.
  • Kruger Biomaterials, Inc.
  • Lenzing AG
  • LIST Technology AG
  • Lixea
  • Maniwa Biochemical
  • Marine Nanofiber Co., Ltd.
  • Marusumi Paper Company Limited
  • Marutomi Seishi Co., Ltd.
  • Masuko Sangyo Co., Ltd.
  • Metsä Group
  • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation/Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited
  • Mizuno Kinzoku Shoji Co., Ltd.
  • Moorim P&P
  • Mori Machinery Co., Ltd.
  • MOVIC AMT Co., Ltd.
  • NANOGRAFI Co. Inc
  • Nanollose Ltd
  • National Research Company
  • Natural Friend
  • Nature Costech Co., Ltd.
  • Nature Gifts Co., Ltd.
  • Nippon Paper Group, Inc.
  • Nippon Shizai Co., Ltd
  • Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd.
  • Noosa Fiber
  • Nordic Bioproducts Group
  • Norske Skog ASA
  • Ocean TuniCell AS
  • Oita CELENA Co., Ltd.
  • Oji Holdings Corporation
  • Omura Paint Co., Ltd.
  • Onkyo Corporation
  • Orange Fiber S.r.l.
  • Organic Disposables
  • Osaka Gas Chemicals Co., Ltd.
  • Panasonic
  • Performance BioFilaments Inc
  • PhotoCide Protection, Inc.
  • Re:newcell
  • Releaf Paper
  • Rengo Co., Ltd.
  • Ripro Corporation
  • Rise Innventia AB
  • Risho Kogyo Co. Ltd.
  • Sanwa Kako Co. Ltd
  • Sappi Limited
  • SaXcell BV
  • Seiko PMC Corporation
  • Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd.
  • Shinwa Kako KK
  • Simplifyber, Inc.
  • Smartfiber AG
  • Soma Bioworks/White Lemur Co.
  • Spinnova Oyj
  • Starlite Co., Ltd.
  • Stora Enso Oyj
  • Sugino Machine Limited
  • Suzano (Woodspin)
  • Svilosa AD
  • Taiyo Holdings Co Ltd
  • Take Cite Co., Ltd.
  • Tentok Paper Co. Ltd
  • The Hurd Co
  • The Japan Steel Works Ltd
  • Tianjon Haojia Cellulose Co., Ltd.
  • Toagosei Co. Ltd.
  • Tokushu Tokai Paper Co., Ltd.
  • Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.
  • Toray Industries, Inc.
  • Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd.
  • Toyota Boshoku Corporation
  • TPS, Inc
  • TreeToTextile
  • TS Tech Co., Ltd.
  • Ube Industries, Ltd.
  • Unitika Co., Ltd.
  • University of Maine Process Development Center
  • UPM Biocomposites
  • UPM-Kymmene Corporation
  • US Forest Products Laboratory (FPL)
  • Valmet Oyj
  • VERDE Nanomaterials, Inc
  • Verso Corporation
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
  • Weidmann Fiber Technology
  • Woodly Ltd.
  • Worn Again Technologies
  • Xylocel Oy
  • Yokohama Bio Frontier, Inc.
  • Yokohama Rubber Co. Ltd.
  • Yoshikawakuni Plastics Industries Co., Ltd.
  • Zelfo Technology GmbH
  • Zeoform
  • Zhejiang Jinjiahao Green Nanomaterial Co., Ltd.
  • ZoepNano Sdn. Bhd

Methodology

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