+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)
New

Feed Binders Global Market Report 2024

  • PDF Icon

    Report

  • 200 Pages
  • January 2024
  • Region: Global
  • The Business Research Company
  • ID: 5766855
Feed binders refer to the ingredients added to the feed to enhance the livestock's feed performance. These are the ingredients that are used to keep feed components intact to maintain the structure and consistency of the feed and prevent the decomposition of feed ingredients. They are also used to improve livestock health, reduce livestock diseases, and improve the stability of the feed.

The main types of feed binders are lignosulfonates, plant gums and starches, gelatin and other hydrocolloids, molasses, clay, and other types. The lignosulfonates refer to brown amorphous powder that supplies natural soluble carbohydrates required for metabolic energy. The various sources are natural and synthetic. The various applications include moist, pellets, and crumbles.

The feed binders market research report is one of a series of new reports that provides feed binders market statistics, including feed binders industry global market size, regional shares, competitors with a feed binders market share, detailed feed binders market segments, market trends and opportunities, and any further data you may need to thrive in the feed binders industry. This feed binders market research report delivers a complete perspective of everything you need, with an in-depth analysis of the current and future state of the industry.

The feed binders market size has grown strongly in recent years. It will grow from $5.62 billion in 2023 to $6.01 billion in 2024 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.9%. The growth in the historic period can be attributed to increasing demand for animal nutrition, livestock farming growth, regulatory support, focus on animal health.

The feed binders market size is expected to see strong growth in the next few years. It will grow to $7.85 billion in 2028 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.9%. The growth in the forecast period can be attributed to population growth and urbanization, rising income levels, environmental sustainability, globalization of livestock farming. Major trends in the forecast period include increasing demand for natural and organic binders, focus on specialty feed binders, integration of functional ingredients, technological advancements in manufacturing, strategic partnerships and collaborations.

The increasing consumption of livestock-based products is expected to propel the growth of the feed binders market going forward. Livestock-based products refer to products derived from animals such as meat and meat products, poultry products (meat and eggs), fish, shellfish, and dairy products (milk and cheese). Feed binder is incorporated into livestock feed to trap mycotoxins and prevent them from entering the bloodstream, where they could cause catastrophic injury to the animals. For instance, in March 2022, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, an Australian government agency responsible for statistical collection and analysis, in terms of seasonal adjustments for the quarter ending March 2022, chicken meat production increased by 3.2%. Therefore, the increasing consumption of livestock-based products is driving the feed binders market.

The increased risks of mycotoxin contamination in livestock feed is expected to propel the growth of the feed binders market going forward. Mycotoxins are harmful secondary metabolites generated naturally by fungi that grow on various farm commodities. Mycotoxins at low concentration reduce the growth rate of young animals and impair immunologic response making the livestock more susceptible to infection. For instance, according to an analysis report from a US-based animal health company, Alltech, out of 1,200 samples of barley, corn, corn silage, wheat, grass silage, triticale, straw, alfalfa haylage, and whole crop silage from different countries, an average of 4.34 mycotoxins were detected, with 98.5% samples containing at least 1 mycotoxin and 86.1% samples containing 2 or more mycotoxins. Therefore, the increased risk of mycotoxin contamination in livestock feed is driving the feed binders market during the forecast period.

Product innovations are a key trend gaining popularity in the feed binder market. Major companies operating in the feed binders market are focused on developing new products to sustain their position in the market. For instance, in April 2022, Manaseer Industrial Complex Co, a part of the Manaseer Group, a Jordan-based company, launched a mineral-based feed additive with mycotoxin binding capabilities named Animax. The product is designed to boost the nutrition, health, and immunity of animals through its effectiveness as a mycotoxin binder and its primary goal is to reduce the harmful effects of feed-related types of mycotoxins, mainly Aflatoxin B1.

Major companies operating in the feed binder market are increasing their focus on introducing mycotoxin binder to gain a competitive edge in the market. Mycotoxin binders are substances used to trap mycotoxins, preventing them from entering the bloodstream where they can cause harm. They are commonly used in animal feed to prevent mycotoxicosis, especially aflatoxicosis. For instance, in March 2021, Biomin, an Austria-based animal nutrition and feed additive company, launched Mycofix Plus 5. Z with ZENzyme, a next-generation mycotoxin binder risk management solution for breeding animals and their offspring. ZENzyme is the first and only purified enzyme that degrades zearalenone (ZEN), a mycotoxin produced by fungi that commonly contaminates crops such as corn, wheat, and soy, into non-toxic and non-estrogenic metabolites.

In April 2021, Eastman Chemical, a US-based specialty materials company, acquired 3F Feed & Food for an undisclosed amount. Through this acquisition, Eastman aims to boost and support the ongoing global growth of its animal nutrition business. 3F Feed & Food is a Spain-based developer of additives for animal feed and human food operating in the feed binders market.

Major companies operating in the in the feed binders market report are The Emsland Group, DuPont de Nemours Inc., Darling Ingredients Inc., Roquette Frères, Borregaard ASA, CP Kelco Inc., Cra-Vac Industries Inc., Beneo GmbH, Kemin Indistries Inc., Alltech, Visco Starch, BASF SE, Bentoli AgriNutrition Pvt. Ltd., Uniscope Inc., Allwyn Chem Industries, The cooperative Royal Avebe U. A., Danisco A/S, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Borregaard, FMC Corporation, Gelita AG, Ingredion Incorporated, Kalsec Inc., Kerry Group plc, Novozymes A/S, Nutreco NV, Perstorp Holding AB, Phibro Animal Health Corporation, Solvay S. A., Trouw Nutrition LLC

Asia-Pacific was the largest region in the feed binders market in 2023. North America is expected to be the fastest-growing region in the forecast period. The regions covered in the feed binders market report are Asia-Pacific, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, South America, Middle East, Africa

The countries covered in the feed binders market report are Australia, Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Russia, South Korea, UK, USA, Italy, Canada, Spain.

The feed binder market consists of sales of wheat gluten, pea starch, and guar gum. Values in this market are ‘factory gate’ values, that is the value of goods sold by the manufacturers or creators of the goods, whether to other entities (including downstream manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors and retailers) or directly to end customers. The value of goods in this market includes related services sold by the creators of the goods.

The market value is defined as the revenues that enterprises gain from the sale of goods and/or services within the specified market and geography through sales, grants, or donations in terms of the currency (in USD, unless otherwise specified)).

The revenues for a specified geography are consumption values that are revenues generated by organizations in the specified geography within the market, irrespective of where they are produced. It does not include revenues from resales along the supply chain, either further along the supply chain or as part of other products.


This product will be delivered within 3-5 business days.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary2. Feed Binders Market Characteristics3. Feed Binders Market Trends And Strategies
4. Feed Binders Market - Macro Economic Scenario
4.1. Impact Of High Inflation On The Market
4.2. Ukraine-Russia War Impact On The Market
4.3. COVID-19 Impact On The Market
5. Global Feed Binders Market Size and Growth
5.1. Global Feed Binders Market Drivers and Restraints
5.1.1. Drivers Of The Market
5.1.2. Restraints Of The Market
5.2. Global Feed Binders Historic Market Size and Growth, 2018 - 2023, Value ($ Billion)
5.3. Global Feed Binders Forecast Market Size and Growth, 2023 - 2028, 2033F, Value ($ Billion)
6. Feed Binders Market Segmentation
6.1. Global Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
Lignosulfonates
Plant Gums And Starches
Gelatin And Other Hydrocolloids
Molasses
Clay
Other Types
6.2. Global Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
Natural
Synthetic
6.3. Global Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
Moists
Pellets
Crumbles
7. Feed Binders Market Regional And Country Analysis
7.1. Global Feed Binders Market, Split By Region, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
7.2. Global Feed Binders Market, Split By Country, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
8. Asia-Pacific Feed Binders Market
8.1. Asia-Pacific Feed Binders Market Overview
Region Information, Impact Of COVID-19, Market Information, Background Information, Government Initiatives, Regulations, Regulatory Bodies, Major Associations, Taxes Levied, Corporate Tax Structure, Investments, Major Companies
8.2. Asia-Pacific Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
8.3. Asia-Pacific Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
8.4. Asia-Pacific Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
9. China Feed Binders Market
9.1. China Feed Binders Market Overview
9.2. China Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F,$ Billion
9.3. China Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F,$ Billion
9.4. China Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F,$ Billion
10. India Feed Binders Market
10.1. India Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
10.2. India Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
10.3. India Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
11. Japan Feed Binders Market
11.1. Japan Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
11.2. Japan Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
11.3. Japan Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
12. Australia Feed Binders Market
12.1. Australia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
12.2. Australia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
12.3. Australia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
13. Indonesia Feed Binders Market
13.1. Indonesia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
13.2. Indonesia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
13.3. Indonesia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
14. South Korea Feed Binders Market
14.1. South Korea Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
14.2. South Korea Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
14.3. South Korea Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
15. Western Europe Feed Binders Market
15.1. Western Europe Feed Binders Market Overview
15.2. Western Europe Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
15.3. Western Europe Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
15.4. Western Europe Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
16. UK Feed Binders Market
16.1. UK Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
16.2. UK Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
16.3. UK Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
17. Germany Feed Binders Market
17.1. Germany Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
17.2. Germany Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
17.3. Germany Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
18. France Feed Binders Market
18.5. France Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
18.6. France Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
18.7. France Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
19. Italy Feed Binders Market
19.9. Italy Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
19.10. Italy Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
19.11. Italy Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
20. Spain Feed Binders Market
20.13. Spain Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
20.14. Spain Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
20.15. Spain Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
21. Eastern Europe Feed Binders Market
21.1. Eastern Europe Feed Binders Market Overview
21.2. Eastern Europe Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
21.3. Eastern Europe Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
21.4. Eastern Europe Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
22. Russia Feed Binders Market
22.1. Russia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
22.2. Russia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
22.3. Russia Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
23. North America Feed Binders Market
23.1. North America Feed Binders Market Overview
23.2. North America Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
23.3. North America Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
23.4. North America Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
24. USA Feed Binders Market
24.1. USA Feed Binders Market Overview
24.2. USA Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
24.3. USA Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
24.4. USA Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
25. Canada Feed Binders Market
25.1. Canada Feed Binders Market Overview
25.2. Canada Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
25.3. Canada Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
25.4. Canada Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
26. South America Feed Binders Market
26.1. South America Feed Binders Market Overview
26.2. South America Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
26.3. South America Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
26.4. South America Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
27. Brazil Feed Binders Market
27.1. Brazil Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
27.2. Brazil Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
27.3. Brazil Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
28. Middle East Feed Binders Market
28.1. Middle East Feed Binders Market Overview
28.2. Middle East Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
28.3. Middle East Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
28.4. Middle East Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
29. Africa Feed Binders Market
29.1. Africa Feed Binders Market Overview
29.2. Africa Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Type, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
29.3. Africa Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Source, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
29.4. Africa Feed Binders Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2018-2023, 2023-2028F, 2033F, $ Billion
30. Feed Binders Market Competitive Landscape And Company Profiles
30.1. Feed Binders Market Competitive Landscape
30.2. Feed Binders Market Company Profiles
30.2.1. The Emsland Group
30.2.1.1. Overview
30.2.1.2. Products and Services
30.2.1.3. Strategy
30.2.1.4. Financial Performance
30.2.2. DuPont de Nemours Inc.
30.2.2.1. Overview
30.2.2.2. Products and Services
30.2.2.3. Strategy
30.2.2.4. Financial Performance
30.2.3. Darling Ingredients Inc.
30.2.3.1. Overview
30.2.3.2. Products and Services
30.2.3.3. Strategy
30.2.3.4. Financial Performance
30.2.4. Roquette Frères
30.2. 4.1. Overview
30.2. 4.2. Products and Services
30.2. 4.3. Strategy
30.2.4.4. Financial Performance
30.2.5. Borregaard ASA
30.2. 5.1. Overview
30.2. 5.2. Products and Services
30.2. 5.3. Strategy
30.2.5.4. Financial Performance
31. Global Feed Binders Market Competitive Benchmarking32. Global Feed Binders Market Competitive Dashboard33. Key Mergers And Acquisitions In The Feed Binders Market
34. Feed Binders Market Future Outlook and Potential Analysis
34.1 Feed Binders Market In 2028 - Countries Offering Most New Opportunities
34.2 Feed Binders Market In 2028 - Segments Offering Most New Opportunities
34.3. Feed Binders Market In 2028 - Growth Strategies
34.3.1 Market Trend Based Strategies
34.3.2 Competitor Strategies
35. Appendix
35.1. Abbreviations
35.2. Currencies
35.3. Historic And Forecast Inflation Rates
35.4. Research Inquiries
35.5. The Business Research Company
35.6. Copyright And Disclaimer

Executive Summary

Feed Binders Global Market Report 2024 provides strategists, marketers and senior management with the critical information they need to assess the market.

This report focuses on feed binders market which is experiencing strong growth. The report gives a guide to the trends which will be shaping the market over the next ten years and beyond.

Reasons to Purchase

  • Gain a truly global perspective with the most comprehensive report available on this market covering 50+ geographies.
  • Understand how the market has been affected by the COVID-19 and how it is responding as the impact of the virus abates.
  • Assess the Russia - Ukraine war’s impact on agriculture, energy and mineral commodity supply and its direct and indirect impact on the market.
  • Measure the impact of high global inflation on market growth.
  • Create regional and country strategies on the basis of local data and analysis.
  • Identify growth segments for investment.
  • Outperform competitors using forecast data and the drivers and trends shaping the market.
  • Understand customers based on the latest market shares.
  • Benchmark performance against key competitors.
  • Suitable for supporting your internal and external presentations with reliable high quality data and analysis
  • All data from the report will also be delivered in an excel dashboard format.

Description:

Where is the largest and fastest growing market for feed binders? How does the market relate to the overall economy, demography and other similar markets? What forces will shape the market going forward? This report answers all these questions and many more.

The report covers market characteristics, size and growth, segmentation, regional and country breakdowns, competitive landscape, market shares, trends and strategies for this market. It traces the market’s historic and forecast market growth by geography.

Scope

  • Markets Covered: 1) By Type: Lignosulfonates; Plant Gums And Starches; Gelatin And Other Hydrocolloids; Molasses; Clay; Other Types 2) By Source: Natural; Synthetic 3) By Application: Moists; Pellets; Crumbles
  • Companies Mentioned: The Emsland Group; DuPont de Nemours Inc.; Darling Ingredients Inc.; Roquette Frères; Borregaard ASA
  • Countries: Australia; Brazil; China; France; Germany; India; Indonesia; Japan; Russia; South Korea; UK; USA; Canada; Italy; Spain
  • Regions: Asia-Pacific; Western Europe; Eastern Europe; North America; South America; Middle East; Africa
  • Time series: Five years historic and ten years forecast.
  • Data: Ratios of market size and growth to related markets, GDP proportions, expenditure per capita,
  • Data segmentations: country and regional historic and forecast data, market share of competitors, market segments.
  • Sourcing and Referencing: Data and analysis throughout the report is sourced using end notes.
  • Delivery format: PDF, Word and Excel Data Dashboard.

Companies Mentioned (Partial List)

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes, but is not limited to:

  • The Emsland Group
  • DuPont de Nemours Inc.
  • Darling Ingredients Inc.
  • Roquette Frères
  • Borregaard ASA
  • CP Kelco Inc.
  • Cra-Vac Industries Inc.
  • Beneo GmbH
  • Kemin Indistries Inc.
  • Alltech
  • Visco Starch
  • BASF SE
  • Bentoli AgriNutrition Pvt. Ltd.
  • Uniscope Inc.
  • Allwyn Chem Industries
  • The cooperative Royal Avebe U. A.
  • Danisco A/S
  • Archer Daniels Midland Company
  • Borregaard
  • FMC Corporation
  • Gelita AG
  • Ingredion Incorporated
  • Kalsec Inc.
  • Kerry Group plc
  • Novozymes A/S
  • Nutreco NV
  • Perstorp Holding AB
  • Phibro Animal Health Corporation
  • Solvay S. A.
  • Trouw Nutrition LLC

Methodology

Loading
LOADING...