Investigating Terrorism takes a look behind the closed doors of terrorist cases, and at the entire judicial process of these cases from heated debates in both Houses of Parliament, through arrest, prosecution and imprisonment. In doing so, it confronts many of the crucial political, enforcement, legal and psychological issues currently influencing major decision makers in this arena.
Specialist contributors discuss recently–released research into the effectiveness of front–line counter terrorism officers in their dealings with terrorist suspects, including the findings from a study commissioned by New Scotland Yard into the effectiveness of police interviews with terrorist suspects. Also included are strategic reviews of many of the major legislative changes and subsequent high profile legal challenges that have repeatedly undermined government policy. Contributors provide a clear psychological understanding of aspects of terrorist behaviour, including insights into what drives individuals to become suicide bombers.
Contributions come from both senior police officers and psychologists. Contributors Lord Carlile, the former HMG s Independent Reviewer of Terrorist legislation, and Peter Clarke, the recently retired Head of Terrorist Investigations for the UK, combine academic credentials and understanding with substantial policy or practitioner experience. This combination of perspectives ensures a holistic and richly informed view of the subject and issues.
About the Editor ix
About the Contributors x
Part I Political, Legal and Policing Context 9
1 The Impact and Consequences of Terrorist Legislation in the United Kingdom Since 2001: A Review 11Lord Carlile of Berriew, QC, and Carys Owen
2 Investigating Terrorism in the First Decade of the Twenty–First Century: A Different Sort of Crime 31Peter Clarke
Part II The Criminal Justice Process 43
3 Challenge, Compromise and Collaboration: Part of the Skill Set Necessary for Interviewing a Failed Suicide Bomber 45John Pearse
4 Urgent Interviews and the Concept of Oppression in Terrorist Cases 66Max Hill, QC
5 Defence Counsel in Terrorism Trials 80Peter Carter, QC
6 An Garda Síochána Model of Investigative Interviewing of Witnesses and Suspects 100Geraldine Noone
7 Risk Assessment of Terrorist Offenders: A Challenge Too Far? 123Gisli H. Gudjonsson, AdrianWest and Amy McKee
8 Hostage Negotiation and Communication Skills in a Terrorist Environment 144Simon Wells
Part III Individual and Group Perspectives 167
9 Understanding Suicide Terrorism: Insights from Psychology, Lessons from History 169Andrew Silke
10 Taking Anders Breivik Seriously as a Political Terrorist 180Robert Lambert
11 Social Psychology and the Investigation of Terrorism 202Karl Roberts
12 Community Surveillance and Terrorism 214Clive Walker and Simon McKay
13 Thinking about Peace While Engaged in Counter–Terrorism: The Primacy of Intelligence 239John G. D. Grieve
John Pearse is Vice President of the Paul Ekman Group and the Managing Director of Forensic Navigation Services Ltd, an independent company that combines forensic consultancy and investigation with psychological training and empirical research. He has provided counter–terrorist advice and training around the world and has designed and delivered a number of acclaimed international multi–agency counter terrorism seminars. John has been researching the area of interviewing and interrogation and terrorist related issues since 1991, and is a visiting lecturer at a number of colleges within the University of London.