Balance, Gait, and Falls is divided into two sections, one basic and one clinical. The basic section includes chapters on sensorimotor anatomy, sensory integration, gravity and verticality, standing balance, balance perturbations, voluntary stepping and gait initiation, gait and gait adaptability. The section concludes with an outline on the ecology of falls, which deals with the sensory, spatial, planning and motor errors that can occur when interacting with the environment. The second section covers disorders of balance and gait that result from aging and neurological diseases. The first of these chapters provides a brief overview of age-related changes in the structure and function of sensorimotor and central processes. Subsequent chapters focus on neurological diseases including Parkinson's disease, parkinsonism, cerebellar ataxia, stroke, corticobasal degeneration, multiple sclerosis, Huntington's disease, dystonia, tremor, Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia, cerebral palsy, polio, motor neuron disease, brainstem lesions, spinal lesions, inner ear disease, peripheral nerve disease, and psychogenic conditions. Each chapter on neurological disease has a common structure comprising background and epidemiology, pathology, balance disorders, gait disorders, falls, therapies (including fall prevention), and future directions.
- Covers all aspects of basic and clinical research on disorders of balance and gait in neurological disease
- Presents a multidisciplinary review of balance and gait physiology, the epidemiology and natural history of balance and gait impairments in aging and a broad range of neurological diseases, and insight into how these predispose to falls
- Addresses impairments of balance and gait for basic and clinical researchers in neuroscience, human movement science, physiotherapy, and exercise physiology, as well as fellows, residents, and practicing clinicians in neurology, geriatrics, and clinical psychology
Section I. Basic Aspects 1. Sensorimotor anatomy of gait, balance and falls 2. Sensory integration for human balance control 3. Gravity estimation and verticality perception 4. Sensorimotor control of standing balance 5. Balance Perturbations 6. Voluntary steps and gait initiation 7. Gait 8. Gait adaptability 9. Ecology of Falls
Section II. Clinical Aspects 10. Ageing 11. Parkinson's disease 12. Falls in frontotemporal dementia and related syndromes 13. Stroke 14. Dystonia 15. Balance, gait and falls in multiple sclerosis 16. Gait, balance and falls in Huntington disease 17. Cerebellar ataxia 18. Tremor 19. Dementia 20. Cerebral palsy 21. Poliomyelitis 22. Motor neurone disease 23. Brainstem lesions and gait 24. Balance, gait and falls in spinal cord injury 25. Disorders of the inner ear balance organs and their pathways 26. Peripheral nerve disease 27. Functional (psychogenic) gait disorder: Diagnosis and management