Geography of Oceans: Perspectives, Perceptions, and Problems in Marine Science and Management advances the ?eld of marine geography to begin to de?ne it as a unique subdiscipline of geographic thought, and demonstrates how core theory and perspectives must be tweaked to be e?ective in approaching geographic challenges such as natural resource management, ?sheries, coastal development, marine environmental research and exploration, mobilities and legal issues of boundaries and enforcement, and any topics that include human-nature interactions in this space. This book explores ways in which ocean space has been organized by humans and how we have determined boundaries and boundary systems in ocean space.
It provides the geographic theories that must be adjusted and highlights unique spatial characteristics that must be accommodated appropriately to be applied toward issues in marine and coastal systems including boundary-making, dimensions, cultures of science/technologies, access, social constructions, and place vs space. Although the book serves as a reference for a university-level course in marine and coastal geography, it also expands to other disciplines that contain a spatial component, including environmental science, maritime industries, political science and international relations, policy professionals, natural resource management, planning/management organizations, and other ?elds that deal with marine or maritime spaces.
- Offers ways to de?ne ocean geographies as a view from within contexts of ocean systems rather than a view from land that is simply extended seaward
- Establishes a strategy to adapt or reframe core theories in both human and physical geography to address marine systems specifically and propose a start to a formal sub-discipline of marine and coastal geography
- Suggests an appropriate theoretical lens system with which to organize ocean regions by core topics of both human and physical geographic theory
- Provides a picture of geographic features unique to ocean systems
- Lays the foundation for a distinct geography of marine spaces that can be used to confront issues such as marine natural resource management, science and exploration, communication, trade, boundaries, and governance
Reframing Core Geographic Concepts: How To Think About Ocean Space 1. Materiality 2. Boundaries and Boundary-Making 3. Knowledge of Oceans: Ways of Knowing 4. Social Constructions and Perceptions of Ocean and Coastal Space 5. Place and Space in Oceans 6. Representations and Mapping: Charts & Maps
Physical Marine Geography: Zones and Regions 7. Geological 8. Physical 9. Chemical 10. Biological 11. Cartographic
Human Marine Geography: Making Place in Ocean Space 12. Organizing Ocean Space: Maps, Boundaries, and Rule-Making 13. Appropriating Ocean Space: Cultures, Knowledge, and Oceans
The Seven Seas: Ocean Regional Geography and Maritime Culture Systems 14. North Atlantic 15. South Atlantic 16. North Pacific 17. South Pacific 18. Arctic 19. Indian Ocean 20. Southern Ocean
Barbara Bischof is a seasoned academic researcher, program manager, policy analyst, and science and technical communications specialist. She has extensive expertise and field experience in environmental science, specifically in marine and coastal conservation policy and management issues, environmental research methodologies, project development and monitoring, policy compliance, geographic theory, and data management. She is an editorial board member for the Journal of Ocean & Coastal Management and has published numerous papers in the area of marine science and geographic oceanography.