+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification. Fundamentals and Applications. Micro and Nano Technologies

  • Book

  • June 2020
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
  • ID: 4991158

The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability.

This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security.

Please Note: This is an On Demand product, delivery may take up to 11 working days after payment has been received.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Classification of water contaminants3. Water purification using various technologies and their advantages and disadvantages4. Adsorption in context of water purification5. Adsorption equilibrium isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics6. Effect of reaction parameters on the adsorption7. Carbon nanomaterials: Synthesis, functionalization and properties8. Zero-dimensional carbon nanomaterials-based adsorbents9. One-dimensional carbon nanomaterials-based adsorbents10. Two-dimensional carbon nanomaterials-based adsorbents11. Multifunctional three-dimensional carbon nanomaterials-based adsorbents12. Biopolymer functionalized carbon nanomaterials-based adsorbents13. Conducting polymer functionalized carbon nanomaterials-based adsorbents14. Carbon-based nano/micromotors for adsorption15. Regeneration and recyclability of carbon nanomaterials after adsorption16. Toxicity of carbon nanomaterials17. Outlook and future research, development, and innovation directions


Suprakas Sinha Ray Chief Research Scientist and Manager of the Centre for Nanostructures and Advanced Materials, DSI-CSIR Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa; Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa. Professor Suprakas Sinha Ray is a Chief Research Scientist and Manager of the Centre for Nanostructures and Advanced Materials, DSI-CSIR Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa. His current research focuses on the applications of advanced nanostructured & polymeric materials. He is one of the most active and highly cited authors in the field of polymer nanocomposite materials, and he has recently been rated by Thomson Reuters as being one of the top 1% most impactful and influential scientists and top 50 high impact chemists. He is the author of 7 authored books, co-author of 5 edited books, 32 book chapters on various aspects of polymer-based nanostructured materials & their applications, and author and co-author of 430 articles in high-impact international journals. Rashi Gusain Research Fellow, University of Johannesburg and Visiting Researcher, CSIR-Pretoria, South Africa. Rashi Gusain is a Research Fellow at University of Johannesburg and also a visiting researcher at CSIR-Pretoria, South Africa. Her research interests focus on development of inorganic materials for photo-degradation of organic water contaminants and CO2 capture and conversion. Neeraj Kumar Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, India. Neeraj Kumar is at Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, India