Antarctic Climate Evolution, Second Edition enhances our understanding of the history of the world's largest ice sheet, in particular, how it responded to, and influenced, climate change during the Cenozoic. It includes terrestrial and marine geology, sedimentology, glacier geophysics, ship-borne geophysics, numerical ice sheet and climate modeling data. The book's content largely mirrors the structure of the Antarctic Climate Evolution (ACE) program ([external URL] to investigate past changes in Antarctica by linking climate and ice sheet modeling studies with terrestrial and marine, geological and geophysical evidence of past changes.
This new edition reflects new advances and is updated with several new chapters, including those covering marine and terrestrial life changes, ice shelves, advances in numerical modeling, and increasing coverage of rates of change. The cross-disciplinary approach of the ACE program has led to substantial improvement in our knowledge base of past Antarctic climate and our understanding of the factors that have guided its evolution.
- Offers an overview of Antarctic climate change, analyzing historical, present-day and future developments
- Provides the latest information on subjects ranging from terrestrial and marine geology to sedimentology and glacier geophysics in the context of Antarctic evolution
- Fully updated to include expanded coverage of rates of change, advances in numerical modeling, marine and terrestrial life changes, ice shelves, and more
1. Antarctic Climate and Ice Sheet Evolution
Introduction 2. Sixty-years of Coordination and Support for Antarctic-Science
The role of SCAR 3. A History of Antarctic Cenozoic Glaciation 4. Circulation and water masses 5. Cenozoic Climate History from seismic reflection and drilling studies 6. Advances in numerical modelling of the Antarctic ice sheet 7. The Antarctic continent in Gondwanaland 8. From Greenhouse to Icehouse
The Eocene/Oligocene in Antarctica 9. The Oligocene-Miocene boundary 10. Middle Miocene to Pliocene History of Antarctica 11. Pleistocene Antarctic Climate Variability: Ice Sheet
Climate Interactions 12. Antarctica at the Last Glacial Maximum, Deglaciation and the Holocene 13. Past Antarctic ice sheet dynamics and implications for future sea-level change 14. Concluding Remarks: Recent Changes in Antarctica and Future Research
Fabio Florindo is the Research Director at Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy, as well as an adjunct research fellow and the CNR Institute of Environmental Geology and Geoengineering, Italy and the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. His research interests include paleomagnetism and environmental magnetism with applications to paleoclimate, paleoceanography, geomagnetic field behavior, and tectonics. Since 2000 he has been one of the principal investigators in ANDRILL (ANtarctic geological DRILLing), a multinational initiative to investigate Antarctica's role in Cenozoic-Recent global environmental change through stratigraphic drilling for Antarctic climatic, volcanic and tectonic history. In 2000, he received the National Science Foundation Antarctic Service Medal "in recognition of valuable contributions to exploration and Scientific achievement under the U.S. Antarctic Research Program". He has authored over 175 articles and book chapters.
Martin Siegert is the Head of the School of GeoSciences at The University of Edinburgh, which he joined in August 2006. He joined the Bristol Glaciology Centre as a lecturer in January, 1999 and became its Director in 2005. He was a lecturer in the Centre for Glaciology, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, between 1994 and 1998. His research interests include glaciology and quaternary science, the study and exploration of Antarctic subglacial lakes, and Antarctic climate evolution, particularly using geophysical data and modelling to understand past changes to the ice sheet. He has published over 200 articles and book chapters.
Santis, Laura De
Laura de Santis is a Researcher at at Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy and a Lecturer at the University of Trieste, Italy. She has been a researcher and lecturer at several other institutions globally, including Rice University, USA, Victoria University, New Zealand, the Australian Geophysical Survey Organization, the United States Geological Survey, and the University of Parma, Italy. Her research interests primarily involve geology and geophysics of the Polar continental margins.
Timothy Naish is Professor in Earth Sciences at the Antarctic Research Centre and the NZ/Australia Representative on the Science Evaluation Panel of the International Ocean Discovery Programme. His research interests include paleoclimatology, sequence stratigraphy and sedimentology, reconstruction of past sea-level and ice volume variability, and Earth system data and numerical modeling. He has been involved in many global research projects and committees, including serving as the lead author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change AR5, WG1 and as the Chair of the International ANDRILL Science Committee. He has received several awards; most recently, the Martha T. Muse Prize in 2014 for outstanding research into understanding Antarctica's past and present climate change and the New Zealand Antarctic Medal in 2010 for services to Antarctic climate science.