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The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2033

  • Report
  • 450 Pages
  • November 2022
  • Region: Global
  • Future Markets, Inc
  • ID: 5238758

The global nanocellulose (NC) market has accelerated over the last few years as producers in Japan and to a lesser extent North America and Europe bring products to market. The development of these remarkable materials has compelled major paper and pulp producers to gravitate their traditional business towards advanced biorefineries, which have met with initial success and resulted in production capacity increases.

Three types of NC are commercially available: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).  In addition to being produced in different ways, these three types also vary in their physico-chemical properties, from size to crystallinity. The most commercially produced NC is CNF, which is produced on a large scale in Japan.  

NC materials are abundant, renewable and inexpensive but are extremely strong, durable, and lightweight, non-toxic and are lower cost than other advanced materials and nanomaterials. Used as a materials additive and in composites, nanocellulose will help to drive the global move away from oil-based plastics and products to sustainable, bio-based alternatives.

Nanocellulose (NC) can be derived from a multitude of abundant cellulosic biomass sources such as wood pulp, agricultural crops, organic waste, as well as from bacteria. Properties including high tensile strength, biocompatibility, and high aspect ratio make it attractive to a wide range of markets, from medical to construction to aerospace. As nanocellulose originates from renewable matter, its potential to replace petroleum-derived materials in films, coatings, composites, and packaging are particularly interesting in the wake of current political and societal movements towards reduction of plastic consumption. Most of the NC being developed for commercial purposes is in the form of CNF. Currently, many NC-based applications are at an early stages, with some applications already commercially available, mainly in Japan.

 The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2033 is the most comprehensive and up-to date report on nanocellulose currently available. Profiling over 160 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by nanocellulose. A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in nanocellulose, The Global Market for Nanocellulose to 2033 contains:

  • Tabular data on current nanocellulose products.
  • Market assessment by nanocellulose type: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).
  • Assessment of nanocellulose by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for use of nanocellulose, technology drawbacks, competing materials, estimated consumption of nanocellulose to 2033 and main OEMs in each market with potential interest in nanocellulose for product integration.
  • Graphical depictions of nanocellulose applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of nanocellulose producer and distributor pricing in 2022.
  • Global market for nanocellulose in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2033.
  • In-depth profiles of nanocellulose producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Granbio, Asahi Kasei, Cellucomp, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper, Daio Paper, DKS, Fiberlean, Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd. Innventia AB, KRI, Inc., Melodea, Nippon Paper, Oji and many more.
  • 112 cellulose nanofiber company profiles
  • 21 cellulose nanocrystal company profiles
  • 20 bacterial nanocellulose company profiles
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.

Table of Contents

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 The market for nanocellulose
1.2 Nanocellulose industry developments 2020-22
1.3 Market outlook in 2022 and beyond
1.4 Global production of nanocellulose
1.4.1 Global nanocellulose production capacities 2021, by type
1.4.2 Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2022, in metric tons by producer
1.4.3 Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2022
1.4.4 Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2022
1.5 Market challenges for nanocellulose
1.6 Nanocellulose commercial products
1.7 Nanocellulose market by region
1.7.1 Japan
1.7.2 China
1.7.3 Malaysia
1.7.4 Western Europe
1.7.5 North America
1.8 Global government funding

2 OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE
2.1 Cellulose
2.2 Nanocellulose
2.3 Properties of nanocellulose
2.4 Feedstocks
2.5 Advantages of nanocellulose
2.6 Synthesis and Production methods
2.6.1 Acid hydrolysis
2.6.2 TEMPO oxidation
2.6.3 Ammonium persulfate (APS) oxidation
2.6.4 Ball milling
2.6.5 Cryocrushing
2.6.6 High-shear grinding
2.6.7 Green production methods
2.6.7.1 Ultrasonication
2.6.7.2 High-pressure homogenization
2.6.8 Recent methods
2.6.8.1 Microwave irradiation
2.6.8.2 Enzymatic processing
2.6.8.3 Deep eutectic solvents (DESs)
2.6.8.4 Pulsed electric field
2.6.8.5 Electron beam irradiation
2.7 Types of nanocellulose
2.7.1 Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
2.7.2 Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
2.7.2.1 Applications
2.7.3 Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
2.7.3.1 Synthesis
2.7.3.2 Properties
2.7.3.3 Production
2.7.3.4 Applications
2.7.4 Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)
2.7.4.1 Production
2.7.4.2 Applications

3 MARKET OPPORTUNITIES IN NANOCELLULOSE
4 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS
4.1 Standards
4.1.1 International Standards Organization (ISO)
4.1.2 American National Standards
4.1.3 CSA Group
4.2 Toxicity
4.3 Regulation

5 NANOCELLULOSE SUPPLY CHAIN
6 NANOCELLULOSE PRICING
6.1 Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)
6.2 Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)
6.3 Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)

7 MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE
7.1 Composites
7.1.1 Market overview
7.1.2 Applications
7.1.2.1 Automotive composites
7.1.2.2 Biocomposite films & packaging
7.1.2.3 Barrier packaging
7.1.2.4 Thermal insulation composites
7.1.2.5 Construction composites
7.1.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.1.4 Product developers
7.2 Automotive
7.2.1 Market overview
7.2.2 Applications
7.2.2.1 Composites
7.2.2.2 Air intake components
7.2.2.3 Tires
7.2.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.2.4 Product developers
7.3 Buildings and construction
7.3.1 Market overview
7.3.2 Applications
7.3.2.1 Sandwich composites
7.3.2.2 Cement additives
7.3.2.3 Pump primers
7.3.2.4 Thermal insulation and damping
7.3.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.3.4 Product developers
7.4 Paper and board packaging
7.4.1 Market overview
7.4.2 Applications
7.4.2.1 Reinforcement and barrier
7.4.2.2 Biodegradable food packaging foil and films
7.4.2.3 Paperboard coatings
7.4.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.4.4 Product developers
7.5 Textiles and apparel
7.5.1 Market overview
7.5.2 Applications
7.5.2.1 CNF deodorizer and odour reducer (antimicrobial) in adult and child diapers
7.5.2.2 Footwear
7.5.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.5.4 Product developer profiles
7.6 Biomedicine and healthcare
7.6.1 Market overview
7.6.2 Applications
7.6.2.1 Wound dressings
7.6.2.2 Drug delivery stabilizers
7.6.2.3 Tissue engineering scaffolds
7.6.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.6.4 Product developers
7.7 Hygiene and sanitary products
7.7.1 Market overview
7.7.2 Applications
7.7.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.7.4 Product developers
7.8 Paints and coatings
7.8.1 Market overview
7.8.2 Applications
7.8.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.8.4 Product developers
7.9 Aerogels
7.9.1 Market overview
7.9.2 Global market in tons to 2033
7.9.3 Product developers
7.10 Oil and gas
7.10.1 Market overview
7.10.2 Applications
7.10.2.1 Oil recovery applications (fracturing fluid)
7.10.2.2 CNF Membranes for separation
7.10.2.3 Oil and gas fluids additives
7.10.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.10.4 Product developers
7.11 Filtration
7.11.1 Market overview
7.11.2 Applications
7.11.2.1 Membranes for selective absorption
7.11.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.11.4 Product developers
7.12 Rheology modifiers
7.12.1 Market overview
7.12.2 Applications
7.12.2.1 Food additives
7.12.2.2 Pickering stabilizers
7.12.2.3 Hydrogels
7.12.2.4 Cosmetics and skincare
7.12.3 Global market in tons to 2033
7.12.4 Product developers
7.13 Other markets
7.13.1 Printed, stretchable and flexible electronics
7.13.1.1 Market assessment
7.13.1.2 Product developers
7.13.2 3D printing
7.13.2.1 Market assessment
7.13.2.2 Product developers
7.13.3 Aerospace
7.13.3.1 Market assessment
7.13.3.2 Product developers
7.13.4 Batteries
7.13.4.1 Market assessment

8 CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES (122 company profiles)9 CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) PRODUCER ANALYSIS10 CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) COMPANY PROFILES (21 company profiles)11 BACTERIAL NANOCELLULOSE (BNC) COMPANY PROFILES (20 company profiles)
12 RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY
12.1 Report scope
12.2 Research methodology

13 REFERENCES
List of Tables
Table 1. Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications
Table 2. Markets and applications for nanocellulose
Table 3. The nanocellulose market 2020-2022-industry product and production activity
Table 4. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption
Table 5. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tons
Table 6. MFC production capacities in metric tons and production process, by producer, metric tons
Table 7. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market in metric tons, 2018-2033
Table 8: Cellulose nanocrystal capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tons
Table 9. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Table 10. Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose
Table 11. Nanocellulose -based commercial products
Table 12. Regional demand for nanocellulose, 2021, tons (total excludes MFC)
Table 13. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Japan
Table 14. Nanocellulose research centres, universities and companies in China
Table 15. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Europe
Table 16. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in North America
Table 17. Properties and applications of nanocellulose
Table 18. Properties of nanocellulose, by type
Table 19. Chemical composition of different lignocellulosic feedstocks used for nanocellulose production (% dry basis)
Table 20. Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials
Table 21. Extraction of nanocellulose (NC) from various lignocellulosic sources using different conventional technologies
Table 22. Types of nanocellulose
Table 23. Types of nanocellulose
Table 24. Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
Table 25. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
Table 26. CNC sources, size and yield
Table 27. CNC properties
Table 28. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials
Table 29. Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)
Table 30. Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)
Table 31. Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose, by application
Table 32. Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose
Table 33. Global nanocellulose market supply chain analysis
Table 34: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers
Table 35: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanocrystal producers
Table 36: Product/price/application matrix of bacterial nanocellulose producers
Table 37. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites
Table 38. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials
Table 39. Scorecard for nanocellulose in composites
Table 40. Market assessment for nanocellulose in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs
Table 41. Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Table 42. Companies developing nanocellulose in composites
Table 43. Market overview for nanocellulose in automotive
Table 44. Scorecard for nanocellulose in automotive
Table 45. Market assessment for nanocellulose in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs
Table 46. Components featured in the NCV
Table 47. Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Table 48. Companies developing nanocellulose products in the automotive industry
Table 49. Market overview for nanocellulose in building and construction
Table 50. Scorecard for nanocellulose in building and construction
Table 51. Comparison of CNC with steel and other materials
Table 52. Market assessment for nanocellulose in building and construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs
Table 53: Market demand for nanocellulose in building and construction, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 54. Companies developing nanocellulose in building and construction
Table 55. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers
Table 56. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging
Table 57. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs
Table 58. Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board packaging, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 59. Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board
Table 60. Market overview for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel
Table 61. Scorecard for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel
Table 62. Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs
Table 63. Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 64. Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel
Table 65. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare
Table 66. Scorecard for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare
Table 67. Market assessment for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs
Table 68. Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 69. Nanocellulose product developers in medicine and healthcare
Table 70. Market overview for nanocellulose in the hygiene and sanitary products market
Table 71. Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 72. Nanocellulose product developers in hygiene and sanitary products
Table 73. Market overview for nanocellulose in paints and coatings
Table 74. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paints and coatings
Table 75. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs
Table 76. Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 77. Companies developing nanocellulose products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
Table 78. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerogels
Table 79. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels
Table 80. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs
Table 81. Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 82. Nanocellulose in product developers in aerogels
Table 83. Market overview for nanocellulose in in oil and gas
Table 84. Scorecard for nanocellulose in in oil and gas
Table 85. Market assessment for nanocellulose in in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs
Table 86. Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 87. Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration
Table 88. CNF membranes
Table 89. Market overview for nanocellulose in filtration
Table 90. Scorecard for nanocellulose in filtration
Table 91. Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs
Table 92: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 93. Companies developing nanocellulose products in filtration
Table 94. Market overview for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers
Table 95. Scorecard for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers
Table 96. Market assessment for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs
Table 97. Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Table 98. Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers
Table 99. Properties of flexible electronics-cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper)
Table 100. Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs
Table 101. Companies developing nanocellulose products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics
Table 102. Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs
Table 103. Companies developing nanocellulose printing products
Table 104. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading
Table 105: Companies developing nanocellulose products in aircraft and aerospace
Table 106. Market assessment for nanocellulose in Batteries-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks
Table 107: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes
Table 108. Nippon Paper commercial CNF products
Table 109. Oji Holdings CNF products
Table 110: CNC producers and production capacities
Table 111. Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer
Table 112. Fibnano properties

List of Figures
Figure 1. CNF nameplate
Figure 2. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2021, metric tons
Figure 3. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2021, metric tons
Figure 4. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC in metric tons by market, 2018-2033
Figure 5. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Figure 6. Aruba 23
Figure 7. Dorayaki
Figure 8. ENASAVE NEXT
Figure 9. Flat4-KAEDE
Figure 10. GEL-KAYANO™
Figure 11. Hada care acty®
Figure 12. Hiteeth All in One Mouth Gel
Figure 13. HYPERNANO X series
Figure 14. Kirekira! toilet wipes
Figure 15. ONKYO® Scepter SC-3(B) 2-way Speaker System
Figure 16. Pioneer® SE-MONITOR5 Headphones
Figure 17. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet
Figure 18. RUBURI Precursor Lubris for raw concrete pumping
Figure 19. SC-3 (B) speakers
Figure 20. SE-MONITOR5 headphones
Figure 21. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers
Figure 22. "SURISURI" Lotion
Figure 23. X9400 series
Figure 24. X Premium Sound Speaker Alps Alpine
Figure 25. Regional demand for nanocellulose, 2021
Figure 26. Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit
Figure 27. Scale of cellulose materials
Figure 28. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials
Figure 29. Production of nanocellulose from lignocellulosic biomass using enzymatic treatment (endoglucanases and xylanases) followed by mechanical treatment
Figure 30. EBI pretreatment combined with HPH for CNC production
Figure 31. Types of nanocellulose
Figure 32. Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses
Figure 33. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose
Figure 34. CNF gel
Figure 35. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals
Figure 36. CNC preparation
Figure 37. Extracting CNC from trees
Figure 38. CNC slurry
Figure 39. Bacterial nanocellulose shapes
Figure 40. Applications of nanocellulose in composites
Figure 41. Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Figure 42. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid)
Figure 43. CNF resin products
Figure 44. Interior of NCV concept car
Figure 45. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive
Figure 46. Interior of the NCV prototype
Figure 47. Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2033 (metric tons)
Figure 48: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car
Figure 49: CNF composite
Figure 50: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
Figure 51. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project
Figure 52. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete
Figure 53. Applications of nanocellulose in building and construction
Figure 54. Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 55. Applications of nanocellulose in paper and board packaging
Figure 56. Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 57. Applications of nanocellulose in textiles and apparel
Figure 58. Asics GEL-KAYANO™ 25 running shoe
Figure 59. Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 60. CNF deodorant products
Figure 61. Applications of nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare
Figure 62. Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 63. Fibnano
Figure 64. Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 65. Applications of nanocellulose in paints and coatings
Figure 66. Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 67. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
Figure 68: Global demand for nanocellulose in in aerogels, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 69. Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 70. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery
Figure 71. Applications of nanocellulose in filtration
Figure 72. Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 73. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw
Figure 74. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifiers
Figure 75. Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2033 (tons)
Figure 76. "SURISURI" products
Figure 77. Foldable nanopaper antenna
Figure 78: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF
Figure 79. Oji CNF transparent sheets
Figure 80. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials
Figure 81: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel
Figure 82. MEDICELLU™
Figure 83: Ashai Kasei CNF production process
Figure 84: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
Figure 85: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
Figure 86. CNF nonwoven fabric
Figure 87. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process
Figure 88. Celfion membrane
Figure 89. nanoforest products
Figure 90. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process
Figure 91. nanoforest-S
Figure 92. nanoforest-PDP
Figure 93. nanoforest-MB
Figure 94. Daicel Corporation CNF production process
Figure 95. Celish
Figure 96: Trunk lid incorporating CNF
Figure 97. Daio Paper CNF production process
Figure 98. ELLEX products
Figure 99. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
Figure 100. Kirekira! toilet wipes
Figure 101. Color CNF
Figure 102. DIC Products CNF production process
Figure 103. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process
Figure 104: Rheocrysta spray
Figure 105. DKS CNF products
Figure 106: CNF based on citrus peel
Figure 107. Citrus cellulose nanofiber
Figure 108. Imerys CNF production process
Figure 109. Filler Bank CNC products
Figure 110: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
Figure 111: CNF products from Furukawa Electric
Figure 112. Granbio CNF production process
Figure 113: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
Figure 114. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
Figure 115: CNF gel
Figure 116: Block nanocellulose material
Figure 117: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
Figure 118. Kami Shoji CNF products
Figure 119. Dual Graft System
Figure 120: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
Figure 121. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended)
Figure 122: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)
Figure 123. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process
Figure 124. CNF deodorant
Figure 125. Chitin nanofiber product
Figure 126. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products
Figure 127. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder.302
Figure 128. Cellulomix production process
Figure 129. Nanobase versus conventional products
Figure 130. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307
Figure 131: CNF slurries
Figure 132. Range of CNF products
Figure 133: Nanocell serum product
Figure 134. Vatensel® product
Figure 135: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp
Figure 136: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic
Figure 137. Nippon Paper CNF production process
Figure 138: Nippon Paper Industries’ adult diapers
Figure 139. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF
Figure 140. CNF paint product
Figure 141. CNF wet powder
Figure 142. CNF transparent film
Figure 143. Transparent CNF sheets
Figure 144. Oji Paper CNF production process
Figure 145. CNF clear sheets
Figure 146. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
Figure 147. Fluorene cellulose ® powder
Figure 148. A vacuum cleaner part made of cellulose fiber (left) and the assembled vacuum cleaner
Figure 149. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process
Figure 150. XCNF
Figure 151. Innventia CNF production process
Figure 152: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant
Figure 153. CNF insulation flat plates
Figure 154. Seiko PMC CNF production process
Figure 155. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
Figure 156. Rubber soles incorporating CNF
Figure 157. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite
Figure 158. Stora Enso CNF production process
Figure 159. Sugino Machine CNF production process
Figure 160. High Pressure Water Jet Process
Figure 161. 2 wt.% CNF suspension
Figure 162. BiNFi-s Dry Powder
Figure 163. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
Figure 164. Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
Figure 165. SVILOSA AD CNC products
Figure 166. Silver/CNF composite dispersions
Figure 167. CNF/nanosilver powder
Figure 168: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF
Figure 169: CNF resin products
Figure 170. University of Maine CNF production process
Figure 171. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process
Figure 172. FibDex® wound dressing
Figure 173. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process
Figure 174: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF
Figure 175. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches
Figure 176. VTT CNF production process
Figure 177: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
Figure 178: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
Figure 179. S-CNF in powder form
Figure 180. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process
Figure 181. R3TM process technology
Figure 182. Blue Goose CNC Production Process
Figure 183: Celluforce production process
Figure 184: NCCTM Process
Figure 185: CNC produced at Tech Futures’ pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:
Figure 186. Filler Bank CNC products
Figure 187. Melodea CNC barrier coating packaging
Figure 188. Plantrose process
Figure 189. CNC solution
Figure 190. University of Maine CNF production process
Figure 191. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process
Figure 192. Jelly-like seaweed-based nanocellulose hydrogel
Figure 193. Cellugy materials
Figure 194: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet
Figure 195. TransLeather

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • AgriSea NZ Seaweed Ltd 
  • Aichemist Metal Inc. 
  • Alberta Innovates/Innotech Materials LLC 
  • Anomera, Inc. 
  • ANPOLY, Inc. 
  • Asahi Kasei Corporation 
  • Axcelon Biopolymers Corporation 
  • Azolla 
  • Azul Energy
  • Beijing Ding Sheng Xiong Di Technology Co., Ltd. 
  • Betulium Oy 
  • BIO-LUTIONS International AG 
  • BioSmart Nano 
  • Bioweg 
  • Blue BioFuels, Inc. 
  • Blue Goose Biorefineries (BGB) Inc. 
  • Borregaard ChemCell 
  • Bowil Biotech Sp. z o.o. 
  • Bucha Bio, Inc. 
  • Cass Materials Pty Ltd 
  • Ceapro, Inc. 
  • Cellfion AB 
  • CELLiCON B.V. 
  • Cellucomp Ltd
  • CelluDot LLC 
  • Celluforce, Inc
  • Cellugy 
  • Cellutech AB (Stora Enso) 
  • Centre Technique du Papier (CTP)
  • Chemkey Advanced Materials Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. 
  • Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd. 
  • CNNT 
  • Daicel Corporation 
  • DaikyoNishikawa Corporation 
  • Daio Paper Corporation 
  • Daishowa Paper Products Co. Ltd. 
  • Denso Corporation 
  • DePuy Synthes 
  • DIC 
  • DKS Co. Ltd. 
  • Earth Recycle Co., Ltd. 
  • Ehime Paper Manufacturing Co. Ltd. 
  • Evolgene Genomics SL 
  • Fiberlean Technologies 
  • Fillerbank Limited 
  • FineCell Sweden AB 
  • Forest Products Laboratory (FPL)
  • Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd. 
  • Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd 
  • FZMB GmbH 
  • Gen Corporation 
  • Glamarium OÜ Technologies 
  • Granbio Technologies
  • GreenNano Technologies Inc. 
  • GS Alliance Co. Ltd. 
  • Guilin Qihong Technology 
  • Hansol Paper., Ltd. 
  • Harvest Nano, Inc. 
  • Hattori Shoten K.K. 
  • Hexa Chemical Co. Ltd./Nature Gift 
  • Hokuetsu Toyo Fibre Co., Ltd. 
  • i-Compology Corporation 
  • InventWood 
  • Ioncell 
  • JeNaCell GmbH Evonik 
  • Kami Shoji Company 
  • Kao Corporation 
  • KRI, Inc. 
  • Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. 
  • Kusano Sakko Inc. 
  • Lohmann & Rauscher International GmbH & Co KG 
  • MakeGrowLab 
  • Maniwa Biochemical 
  • Marine Nanofiber Co., Ltd. 
  • Marusumi Paper Company Limited 
  • Marutomi Seishi Co., Ltd. 
  • Masuko Sangyo Co., Ltd. 
  • Melodea Ltd. 
  • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation/Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited 
  • Mizuno Kinzoku Shoji Co., Ltd. 
  • Modern Synthesis 
  • Moorim P&P 
  • Mori Machinery Co., Ltd. 
  • MOVIC AMT Co., Ltd. 
  • Nano Novin Polymer Co 
  • NANOGRAFI Co. Inc 
  • Nanolinter 
  • Nanollose Ltd 
  • National Research Company 
  • Natural Friend 
  • Nature Costech Co., Ltd. 
  • Nature Gifts Co., Ltd. 
  • Navitas d.o.o (NANOCRYSTACELL) 
  • Nippon Paper Group, Inc. 
  • Nippon Shizai Co., Ltd 
  • Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd. 
  • Norske Skog ASA 
  • Ocean TuniCell AS 
  • Oji Holdings Corporation 
  • Omura Paint Co., Ltd. 
  • Onkyo Corporation 
  • Osaka Gas Group 
  • Panasonic 
  • Performance BioFilaments Inc 
  • PhotoCide Protection, Inc. 
  • Polybion 
  • Poly-Ink 
  • Rengo Co., Ltd. 
  • Renmatix, Inc. 
  • Ripro Corporation 
  • Rise Innventia AB 
  • Risho Kogyo Co. Ltd. 
  • Sanwa Kako Co. Ltd 
  • Sappi Limited 
  • ScobyTec GmbH 
  • Seiko PMC Corporation 
  • Seven Industria De Produtos Biotecnologicos Ltda 
  • Sharp Chemical Ind. Co., Ltd. 
  • Shinwa Kako KK 
  • Starlite Co., Ltd. 
  • Stora Enso Oyj 
  • Sugino Machine Limited 
  • Svilosa AD 
  • Sweetwater Energy 
  • Taiyo Holdings Co Ltd 
  • Take Cite Co., Ltd. 
  • Tentok Paper Co. Ltd
  • The Japan Steel Works Ltd
  • Tianjin Woodelfbio Cellulose Co., Ltd. 
  • Tianjon Haojia Cellulose Co., Ltd. 
  • Toagosei Co. Ltd. 
  • Tokushu Tokai Paper Co., Ltd. 
  • Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. 
  • Toray Industries, Inc. 
  • Toyo Seikan Group Holdings, Ltd. 
  • Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd. 
  • Toyota Boshoku Corporation 
  • TPS, Inc
  • TS Tech Co., Ltd. 
  • Ube Industries, Ltd. 
  • UMaine Process Development Center 
  • Unitika Co., Ltd. 
  • University of Maine Process Development Center 
  • UPM-Kymmene Corporation 
  • US Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) 
  • Valentis Nanotech 
  • Valmet OYJ 
  • VERDE Nanomaterials, Inc
  • Verso Corporation 
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd 
  • Xylocel Oy 
  • Yokohama Bio Frontier, Inc. 
  • Yokohama Rubber Co. Ltd. 
  • Yoshikawakuni Plastics Industries Co., Ltd. 
  • Zelfo Technology GmbH 
  • Zeoform 
  • Zhejiang Jinjiahao Green Nanomaterial Co., Ltd. 
  • ZoepNano Sdn. Bhd 

Methodology

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